Russian Strategic Weapon Modernization Plans

bobbymike

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1st paragraph on report is highly debatable and they might as well add the Cedar missile that is to replace the Yars with already demonstrated capabilities below.

View attachment 654576
What is this "Cedar" missile?
Kedr (Cedar) new ICBM
That's in addition to the SS-18 replacement (Sarmat?), Topol and Yars? Well, it's a good thing we're talking about how destabilizing GBSD is. We wouldn't want to start an arms race or anything. :rolleyes:
Back to the 80’s everything the US did was destabilizing, MX, D5, Neutron Bomb, SDI, Pershing, GLCM/ALCM/SLCM, etc. never a mention of SS-18, 19, 20, 24, new Soviet FBMs etc.
 

sferrin

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It's because we're talking about replacing a half-century old ICBM obviously. I mean if we just cancelled that effort Russia and China would scrap their nuclear modernization plans and put their money into green tech. and feeding the poor. /sarc
 
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Trident

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Nope, it's not because of that, and consequently stopping it would not see them scrap their plans for novel delivery systems. Stopping (or at least agreeing to slap binding limits on) missile defence on the other hand...
 

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tequilashooter

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Today or tomorrow (June 10 or 11, from 06:00 to 12:00 UTC) an ICBM is scheduled to be launched from the Plesetsk test site. The allotment of zones for the fall fields suggests the launch of the 15A28 "Sarmat" ICBM.
 

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Is it just me or does this subs bow shape more resemble US design than older Russian/Soviets models?

Not sure I see what you mean, but there are actually a number of tangible reasons why it might give that impression:

- due to the aft VLS, the sail sits further forward than on, say, the Akula class (resembling US design philosophy)
- the sail also does not taper toward the top as it does on the Akula class, making it appear narrower over all
- uniquely among Soviet/Russian subs, the Yasen class adopts a midships torpedo tube configuration*

*Because (like its US counterparts) it was designed with a spherical sonar which takes up the entire bow. Ironically, future clean-sheet submarines from both Russia and the US will abandon this solution in favour of conformal arrays. These offer greater flexibility regarding internal arrangement and could therefore prompt a return to bow torpedo tubes. Already the second of class Yasen and current production Virginia class hulls are fitted with sonars of this type, but retain the mid-ships torpedo room to avoid drastic structural alterations.
 
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tequilashooter

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Used English subtitles.
View: https://youtu.be/oF12z843yUc


So these new corvettes have stealth composites, Zaslon AESA radar use 16 long range 9M96 missiles with range of 150 km or 64 9M100 missiles with range of 15 km or a mix of them, same as Gorshkov frigate. UKSK launchers enables Gremyashy to use Kalibr, Onyx and Tsirkon missiles.

View: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYFD1L9N93I


At the end of November, the Russian Navy entered service with the third in the series, but the first equipped with the Pantsir-M air defense system, the Project 22800 Karakurt small missile ship.

Ten years ago, the "Buyan" type MRK was called the future basis of sea power in the near zone. However, scientific and technological progress has made its own adjustments.

So, relying on the experience of operating the aforementioned ships and using modern technologies, Russian engineers managed to build a new combat ship with similar firepower, but with a smaller displacement. In addition, the creation of "Karakurt" requires a significantly lower budget.

The first two versions of the small missile ship received good striking power, based on the 76-mm cannon and launchers for the Onyx and Caliber. At the same time, their anti-aircraft potential remained rather limited.

As a result, the third in the series of MRK "Odintsov" was equipped with the "Pantsir-M" air defense missile system ("Pantsir-C1 in sea version). But that's not all.

Since the "Karakurt" proved to be an excellent universal platform, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation announced the beginning of the modernization of the project in order to expand its functionality by means of anti-submarine warfare. It is not excluded that we are talking about the latest complex "Answer" , which should go into service with the Navy next year.
 

tequilashooter

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Interesting usually adversary nations always say mine is better than equal to. https://russian.rt.com/russia/article/881683-serval-malaya-podlodka-malahit

New engines, "Calibers" and torpedoes: what the Russian submarine "Serval" is capable of running on liquid oxygen, July 4, 2021. Alexey Zakvasin, Elizaveta Komarova

Russia is developing a small coastal submarine "Serval" with an air-independent power plant. Igor Karavaev, the leading designer of the St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau "Malakhit", told RT about this. This submarine is designed for the defense of naval bases, covert action near enemy positions, torpedo and missile attacks. Also, thanks to the modular design of the compartment with armament, the Serval is capable of carrying a small-sized vehicle with combat swimmers. According to experts, the most effective areas of application of the new development will be shallow seas, where it is often problematic for classic diesel-electric submarines to operate. In addition, small domestic submarines can be widely used in the navies of foreign countries.

Specialists of the St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau "Malakhit" are developing a project for a small coastal submarine P-750B "Serval" with an air-independent (anaerobic) power plant ( VNEU ). Igor Karavaev, the lead designer of Malakhit, spoke about this in an exclusive commentary to RT.

“In principle, the Serval can go to the ocean area, but the main task of the submarine is watch in shallow seas and coastal waters, that is, work where it is often difficult for large submarines to operate. Specifically, these are the Baltic, Okhotsk, Barents, Black seas. Also "Serval" is well suited for providing anti-submarine defense of our bases, "said Karavaev.

The materials of Malachite say that Serval is capable of striking stationary coastal targets, fighting enemy ships and submarines, patrolling and covertly transporting reconnaissance and sabotage groups.

The normal displacement of the promising submarine P-750B is about 1450 cubic meters. m, length - 65.5 m, width - 7 m, draft - 5.2 m, maximum immersion depth - 300 m, full speed - 18 knots (33.3 km / h), autonomy - up to 30 days, total cruising range - within 4.3 thousand nautical miles (almost 8 thousand km).

The design bureau plans to achieve a high degree of automation of control processes at Serval. Thanks to this, only four officers, with a total crew of 18-20 people, will be on watch at a time.

Liquid oxygen

As noted in "Malakhit", the choice of anaerobic power plant is dictated by a number of serious shortcomings of submarines with traditional diesel-electric units.

“Yes, in terms of cost-effectiveness, diesel-electric submarines are still second to none. But their critical problem remains the need to ascend to recharge their batteries. This means a loss of stealth and the risk of becoming an easy target for anti-submarine forces. In addition, VNEU is generally safer and more environmentally friendly, ”explained Karavaev.

The anaerobic installation, which Malachite expects to develop in cooperation with other Russian enterprises, will provide the carrier with a continuous underwater range of up to 1.2 thousand nautical miles (just over 2.2 thousand km).

Moreover, in terms of a number of qualitative characteristics, the Russian VNEU should surpass the analogs that are now installed on the submarines of the naval forces of foreign states, including NATO member states.

“VNEU of our western colleagues operate on a fuel cell or an electrochemical generator. They have their advantages, but such installations suffer from insufficient power. As a result, the submarines have to walk a lot at low speed and constantly charge the batteries, ”explained Karavaev.

According to the designer, another significant drawback of Western anaerobic plants is the use of hydrogen as an energy component.

“The presence of hydrogen on a submarine is very undesirable, since it forms an explosive mixture when it interacts with oxygen. In the event of an accident, the crew's chances of survival are minimal. In addition, the use of hydrogen requires serious financial costs, ”said the designer.

VNEU, offered by Malakhit, will be designed based on the technology of using closed-cycle gas turbines or a single gas turbine power plant.

This approach provides for the abandonment of the use of hydrogen - instead of it, liquid oxygen is used. In addition, "Serval" is capable of continuing combat duty with fully discharged batteries for a certain period of time, added Karavaev.

Structurally, the Servala anaerobic plant consists of a hot loop, where gas exchange and cooling of the gas mixture takes place, and a section for utilizing waste gases.

The operation of the anaerobic plant is based on a scheme for converting chemical energy into heat, which, in turn, is converted into electrical energy, Pavel Andreev, design engineer of the 1st category of Malachite, explained in an interview with RT.

“The principle that we propose to use, a priori, slightly reduces the efficiency (efficiency. - RT ) in comparison with traditional VNEU. But the loss of energy with our conversion scheme is inevitable. The gain here is in higher power, turbine reliability and operational safety, ”Andreev noted.

Also, VNEU "Malachita" should surpass the quality parameters of lithium-ion batteries, which are equipped with modern Japanese diesel-electric submarines of the Soryu class. The main advantage of such submarines is the release of a large volume of internal space.

“Indeed, all VNEUs are large enough - this is their obvious drawback. It would seem that lithium-ion batteries can easily solve this problem, but their operation raises a lot of questions - primarily due to the high probability of a short circuit that can occur due to high heating. And the consequences of the fire on the submarine are well known to everyone, ”stated Andreev.

According to him, the operation of submarines with VNEU on liquid oxygen will require the purchase of additional equipment, but will not entail a radical restructuring of the naval infrastructure. In addition, according to the specialist, "Serval" will be a simple product in serial production compared to other non-nuclear submarines.

Modular architecture

Many innovations "Malachite" intends to integrate into the arsenal of "Serval". So, the front part of the P-750B submarine will be designed to install several modules with weapons. The choice of each one depends on the specifics of the task at hand.

For example, if it is required to strike at ground and sea targets, then a module with six outboard launchers for the use of torpedoes and Kalibr cruise missiles is mounted on the Serval.

“We have located the weapons bay outside the rugged hull. In classic diesel-electric submarines, it is embedded, that is, welded into a sturdy hull. From our point of view, this approach does not meet modern security measures too much, ”Andreev emphasized.

Also on "Serval" you can install the midget submarine "Triton", which can accommodate up to six combat swimmers. This family of small-sized submarines appeared in the Soviet years, but by now the design bureau has modernized them. "Tritons" are designed to carry out sabotage, reconnaissance and special operations in coastal areas.

In recent years, to ensure the covert transportation of combat divers, "Malachite" has developed and then finalized the submarine of Project 865 "Piranha", capable of covering up to 1,000 nautical miles (1,852 km). The submarine's autonomy is ten days, the maximum immersion depth is 200 m.

At the X International Maritime Show in St. Petersburg at the end of June, Malachite presented a mock-up of the Piranha torpedo modification with significantly increased autonomy and cruising range. It is proposed to equip the submarine with mines and torpedoes of 533 and 324 mm caliber.

Another significant feature of the Serval arsenal is a separate mine-dropping device.

“On modern submarines, sea mines are often dropped from torpedo tubes. But this is a rather noisy process - there is a high risk of detecting a submarine. Our device works very simply: the bottom cover opens, the stopper is lowered, and the mine quietly sinks to the bottom under its own weight, "said Karavaev.

In an interview with RT, Dmitry Litovkin, editor of the Nezavisimoye Voennoye Obozreniye newspaper, noted that Malakhit and other domestic enterprises have the competence to create such a high-tech submarine as Serval.

“The small submarine Malachita is more interesting and more perfect than the diesel-electric Varshavyanka , and the Russian shipbuilding industry is undoubtedly capable of implementing this project in iron. The position of the Navy is another matter. At the moment, we do not have information on how the military themselves assess the Serval and whether they are ready to buy these submarines, "saysLitovkin.

According to the expert, if the command of the Navy still supports the P-750B project, then the small submarine "Malachita" with a high degree of probability will gain great popularity not only in the domestic but also in the foreign market.

Military expert Alexei Leonkov also believes that Serval will be of interest to a significant number of Russian partners in military-technical cooperation. This type of submarine is well suited for performing tasks in the coastal waters of different regions of the world, an expert said in a conversation with RT.

“Despite the modest autonomy of navigation, the Serval can quite effectively operate in the near sea zone, guard the borders, economic resources, and act as a deterrent to the navies of unfriendly countries. This is a rather formidable naval technology, which, in my opinion, is in demand both in the Russian fleet and in the navies of other states that have access to shallow seas, ”concluded Leonkov.
 

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bobbymike

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Ridiculous article. Starting with a Felngenhaur quote should tell you all you need to know about this analysis.
 

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I hope a very certain user that I argued with regards to this information before sees this.;)


Mozyr active defense complex (KAZ)

The Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering (KBM), under the leadership of the legendary Sergei Pavlovich Nespobodimy, successfully developed a system for the protection of silo launchers of ICBMs and missile launchers of the Strategic Missile Forces, and not as a classical ABM system, but as a unique Russian know-how not surpassed so far.

This was told publicly for the first time by the Chief Designer of this system, now the General Designer of JSC "NPK KBM" »Doctor of Technical Sciences, Honored Designer of the Russian Federation V. M. Kashin. He also said that despite the huge costs incurred by the state to create a prototype of this system and extremely high test results (actual defeat of almost 90% of the targets delivered to the test site by actual launches of ICBMs).

Data for this project was not disclosed, and all the information is of a presumptive nature. But the idea of creation of a fundamentally new weapons gave impetus to the creation of other samples (complex "Arena", "Blackbird"), whose operation is based on the principle of self-defense and worked out in the development of Russia's first active protection.

The principle of KAZ operation is based on the defeat of air targets by metal balls with a diameter of up to 30 millimeters at an altitude of up to six thousand meters. In early December 2012, the source of the newspaper "Izvestia" in the military department said that charges with 40 thousand attacking elements will be fired at the target with an initial speed of up to 1800 meters per second and create after the blast at a certain height an "iron cloud" capable of destroying any air target. Prospective complexes are planned to be used primarily to cover strategic objects: launch silos, command posts and communication centers.

By the early 1970s, classical methods of protecting silo launchers (silo launchers) of intercontinental ballistic missiles from enemy attacks using high-precision weapons were becoming ineffective. Countering the technical means of reconnaissance of the enemy, masking the silo, creating a multitude of false, simulating start-up targets with the development of new technologies for satellite reconnaissance has become a difficult and sometimes impossible task. By 1970, thanks to advanced tracking facilities, the coordinates of all silos in the Strategic Missile Forces of the Strategic Missile Forces became known to the enemy.

Fortification method of protection, based on increasing the armor protection of the launcher, in connection with the rapid increase in the mid-1970s in the accuracy of the targeting of nuclear warheads and the appearance of new models of precision weapons, was also ineffective. If in the middle of the twentieth century the accuracy of the guidance was determined by tens of meters, by 1970 it was already a few centimeters. It became clear that missile silos could be put out of action by a sudden preemptive strike, not even of nuclear weapons, but of conventional weapons with high accuracy of guidance. Even if the exact hit of a warhead by an enemy guided missile does not lead to the destruction of the mine or to the penetration of the cover of the silo, at least it will lead to its jamming, which in the end will not allow launching the missile, that is, it will not allow the combat mission to be accomplished.

One of the first Russian projects aimed at creating KAZ (complex active protection) ICBM silos, was project KAZ "Mozyr" or "complex 171" (but there is a perception that this designation is incorrect), developed in the Kolomna Design Bureau. The possibility of creating an experimental complex for conducting tests in real conditions was set by the USSR Government Decree in 1984. Work on the project began in the middle of the 1970s, the main designer of the complex was N.I.Gushchin general administration produced a professional engineer and designer S.P.Nepobedimoy. Specifically, thanks to his initiative and assertiveness of Russian and later Russian army had adopted a new kind of weapon, such as MANPADS "Arrow", and intended for tanks complex active protection "Arena." The principle acts CAP "Arena" is the same as that of the CAP "Mozyr".

The chief designer of KAZ was N.I.Gushchin. Development of a complex of active protection of the silo of ICBMs from the attack of ballistic missiles (including ICBMs) was carried out by the Design Bureau of Machine Building (Kolomna) under the general supervision of S.P.Nespobodimy from the mid-1970s. It was thanks to his initiative and perseverance that the Soviet, and then the Russian army, received a new type of weapon, such as MANPADS "Strela", and a complex of active defense "Arena" created for the tanks. The principle of KAZ "Arena" is the same as that of KAZ "Mozyr". In total, more than 250 different enterprises of Soviet industry of almost all the ministries of the USSR worked on the KAZ "Mozyr" project.

The creation of an infrastructure for testing the complex was started in 1980-1981. The creation of the complex was directly supervised by the USSR Minister of Defense, D.F.Ustinov. The possibility of creating an experimental complex for conducting tests in real conditions was set by the USSR Government Decree in 1984. 250 enterprises of 22 ministries were involved in the creation of the system. Probably, in the second half of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s, a prototype KAZ of the silo of ICBMs was tested at the Kura test site on the Kamchatka Peninsula (w / w 25522, Klyuchi-1).

The complex would be the last frontier of missile defense. It must destroy the objects that managed to break through the curtain of the existing anti-missile "Gazelle" and the prospetive S-500 "Prometheus." The KAZ includes radar detection and guidance systems, as well as special artillery units. KAZ is designed to cover point objects, such as missile launchers, command posts, communication nodes, and this differs from anti-missiles that cover the sky by sectors. The military expects that the complex will be able to destroy not only ballistic missiles, but also all types of modern precision weapons, including cruise missiles and GPS-corrected bombs.

KAZ design contains a huge amount of stacked barrels a small caliber (complex "Mozyr" According to various sources, included between 80 and 100 barrels), any of which contains a charge of powder and hitting the core element (shell?) From durable alloy. When a signal of the attack of the enemy on the protected area for the second bit of the standby KAZ captures the approaching target and fires it towards the damaging hundreds of small parts (shells). Shot done once all barrels, one gulp. Before the enemy warhead appears wall or accumulation of iron shells, the density of which is such that to overcome this obstacle is virtually impossible. As a result, the purpose of which, in this case, the enemy's warhead, destroyed (at a distance of up to 1000 meters) short of the goal.

High-precision bombs and missiles are difficult to detect, as they maneuver or hide in the folds of the terrain. The intercontinental rocket flies faster, but it is easier to track. The first complexes tested in the early 1990s could not destroy both types of air units with the same efficiency. But at the modern level of computer technology and radar it is quite achievable.

The first products were called Mozyr. On Kamchatka training range, they immediately built not by mock-ups, but by the real warhead of the "Voevoda" rocket, and the target was struck. The project was canceled only because of problems with financing, and not for technical reasons. In case of successful tests of the new-old complex, the first positional areas can be deployed within 2-3 years - technologies allow. The design bureau and the manufacturing plant of the "Iron Cloud" are currently classified. It is known, that the project used the experience of protecting armored vehicles from anti-tank missiles. For example, the complex of tank defense "Arena" destroys incoming missiles with volley balls at a distance of 25 meters.

The complex "Mozyr" was established in the early 1980s, and the first prototype was sent for testing at the SMU RVSN polygon, military unit 25522, located in Kamchatka. Where, again, according to unconfirmed reports, as part of the tests, in the late 1980s the interception of a target block simulating the warhead of an R-36M2 intercontinental ballistic missile launched from Baikonur was carried out for the first time (however, some sources claim that the launch was made from a range located in Plesetsk).

To conduct tests at the Kura test site, probably between 1985 and 1988, an imitation of a ICBM silo type OS was built and a prototype of an active protection complex was placed around the silo. During the tests in the late 1980s, for the first time, a low-altitude non-nuclear interception of a simulator of a combat ICBM unit launched from the Plesetsk test range (according to other sources from Baikonur) was carried out for the first time. Probably the development carried the name of the R & D "Mozyr".

At higher altitudes the arrows are more effective, on smaller ones the balls. The arrows fly higher, and the balls have a more dense volley. Because of the huge counter speeds, it is possible to simply riddle the target, but it is required to destroy or cause detonation. So the combined types of elements increase the damaging ability. The most complicated thing in the complex is the mathematical calculation of the algorithm of the convergence of the attacking elements with the object, taking into account the speed of convergence at Mach 3-4.

Independent military expert, editor of the site Millitary Russia Dmitry Kornev in his conversation with Izvestia confirmed that the project can be considered unique in the world. In his opinion, "neither the US, nor Israel, nor anyone else has been able to create an effective model of an anti-missile active defense system. Scientific work was carried out in many countries, but it did not go further than sketches and full-scale mock-ups, and the Soviet "Mozyr" was a successful project and the creation of the last echelon of missile defense in the form of active protection was completely justified.

The tests were recognized as successful. However, experts found that KAZ are not equally effective against ballistic and aerodynamic purposes, and the lower probability of their destruction was due to the weak computational capabilities of the complex. The development of the complexes was terminated due to a lack of funding.

It is difficult to judge how effective KAZ Mozyr was and how the future of the project would have developed, if the Soviet Union had not disintegrated. Data on this project have not been disclosed, and all the information has a presumptive nature. However, the very idea of creating this fundamentally new weapon gave impetus to the creation of other models (complexes "Arena", "Drozd"), the action of which is based on the principle of self-defense and worked out in the creation of the first domestic active defense complex.

A representative of the military-industrial complex familiar with the situation told Izvestia that the first complexes tested in the early 1990s could not destroy both types of air units with the same efficiency. But at the modern level of computer technology and radar it is quite achievable. He explained that "the first products were called "Mozyr". On Kamchatka training range, they were immediately beaten not by mock-ups, but by the real warhead of the "Voevoda" rocket, and the target was struck. Funding for the works was discontinued in August 1991. The project was canceled only because of problems with financing, and not for technical reasons. According to him, in case of successful tests of the new-old complex, the first positional areas can be deployed within 2-3 years - technologies allow. The design bureau and the manufacturing plant of the "iron cloud" are currently classified. Other accounts report that in 1994 the work was stopped, so as not to provoke the US to withdraw from the ABM Treaty.

It was thanks to this initiative and perseverance that the Soviet, and then the Russian army, received a new type of weapon, such as MANPADS "Strela", and a complex of active defense "Arena" created for the tanks. The principle of KAZ "Arena" is the same as that of KAZ "Mozyr". In total, more than 250 different enterprises of Soviet industry of almost all the ministries of the USSR worked on the KAZ "Mozyr" project.





The Russian Ministry of Defense continues to revive Soviet-era projects closed in the 1990s due to lack of funding. Now came the turn of the active defense complex (KAZ) from missiles. The source of the newspaper "Izvestia" in the military department said that it was decided in principle to resume testing the complex in 2013. According to this report, "the KAZ's feature is that the destruction of air objects occurs with metal arrows and balls with a diameter of 30 mm at an altitude of up to 6 km. Arrows and balls shoot with an initial speed of 1.8 km / s, which is comparable to the projectile of the longest-range gun, and create a real iron cloud. In one volley up to 40 thousand elements. KAZ can be considered as anti-missile artillery."

Currently, the effectiveness of the covering of the capital region, according to the acting Chief of the Air Defense and Defense Command, Major-General Andrey Demin, Air Defense Forces, is 90 percent, and the Central Industrial Region is 60 percent. All these indicators are planned to be improved by introducing not only new S-500 and A-235 systems, but also active protection systems (KAZ).

In mid-2012, it became known that the Ministry of Defense planned to resume work on KAZ in 2013. Among other things, this will require the creation of more powerful computing systems, especially when it comes to complexes of kinetic targets. In the latter case, computers will have to calculate the point of approach of the antimissile system or the striking elements with a target flying at high speeds.

If for ordinary ballistic purposes such a problem is solved very quickly, then for maneuvering it is complicated at times. Modern ballistic missiles are already equipped not only with combat units of individual guidance, capable of maneuvering, but also with false targets, whose main task is to considerably complicate the identification of dangerous nuclear charges and their defeat. The ballistic missiles themselves (for example, the promising Russian P-30 Bulava-30) are also equipped with the ability to maneuver within narrow limits, complicating the interception task at the initial and middle sections of the flight path.

Independent military expert, editor of the site Millitary Russia Dmitry Kornev in his conversation with Izvestia confirmed that the project can be considered unique in the world. In his opinion, "neither the US, nor Israel, nor anyone else has been able to create an effective model of an anti-missile active defense system. Scientific work was carried out in many countries, but it did not go further than sketches and full-scale mock-ups," and the Soviet Mozyr "was a successful project and the creation of the last echelon of missile defense in the form of active protection is completely justified.

Other analysis suggests that it is preferable to create the defense on the basis of the modern multichannel medium-range SAM "Buk-M2" (in the versions "Buk-M2" and "Buk-M2-1") supplemented with combat vehicles of the multi-channel short-range SAM "Tor-M2" ". These facilities, operating in a single information and control space and, in essence, representing a single polygamous anti-aircraft missile system, provide a highly effective fight against cruise missiles of a "rapid global strike" and self-defense against the impacts of anti-radar missiles
 

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Unmanned underwater complex "Poseidon". Thoughts of an American columnist #Техника/armament Yesterday at 15:39 493 0 "The most dangerous drone of all developed for the Russian military in the coming years is the Poseidon, which is planned to be put into service in 2027. Despite the fact that the weapon has only been designed for a few years, it is already terrifying. " The article "Poseidon: what terrifies the Russian torpedo bomber drone with nuclear weapons" written by columnist Brent Eastwood for the online publication 19Fortyfive has already made a lot of noise. In it, he, quite vividly and figuratively, described the weapon of the "doomsday" - the Russian unmanned underwater complex "Poseidon". Can an underwater drone cross the North Atlantic and hit coastal American cities? These and other questions concern the author. Eastwood recalled that the device designed to be launched from a submarine is equipped with a nuclear warhead and a similar power plant, so "the Russians will not have to worry about running out of fuel." In addition, "Poseidon" will have an unlimited range. So, according to the expert, this "doomsday weapon the size of a bus" will not only be able to cross the North Atlantic on its own, but also hit all coastal cities of the United States. "Can the Russians build a mini-nuclear reactor and mount it on a torpedo? That remains to be seen. Even if the Russians can't make a nuclear power plant, poseidon will still be valuable as an underwater drone. It may even be able to gather intelligence and conduct surveillance off the coast of the United States." At the same time, the journalist stated that the drone will be much more difficult to destroy than the launchers of land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles. Earlier, military expert Dmitry Kornev told Izvestia about the tests of the Poseidon nuclear underwater vehicle. According to him, at the moment it is difficult to estimate how long it will take to test the drone system and its prototypes on board the submarine, since it has no analogues in the world. The specialist suggested that the tests may take two to three years. At the same time, Mikhail Budnichenko, General Director of Sevmash Production Association, said that the carrier of the Poseidon unmanned underwater vehicles, the Belgorod nuclear submarine, and the Novosibirsk and Prince Oleg nuclear submarines will complete state tests by the end of 2021. He also noted that the ships show themselves well at sea, confirming the characteristics. On June 26, the Belgorod submarine first entered the White Sea during tests. The submarine was launched on April 23, 2019. According to open sources: in addition to the main task, Poseidon is planned to be used to perform strike and reconnaissance missions without real contact with the enemy. For what their armament comes a swarm of smaller drones, torpedoes, mines. The indisputable advantage of the BPA is the lack of means of counteraction (analogue of missile defense). If necessary, the device can be equipped with a monoblock YAG, or a cobalt bomb. According to preliminary estimates of experts, in this case, this munition can be classified as thermonuclear, with ultra-high power (up to 100 Mt). The consequences of such an explosion, (modeled in the United States) for a densely populated area, are as follows: approximately 8,000,000 people with a fatal outcome, about 4,000,000 severe, 16,000,000 will receive a dose close to critical. The area of the zone of infection is determined by the strength of the wind, its direction at the time of the explosion. In the calculations, its speed was determined at 26 km / h. In this case, the strongest radioactive contamination (without the use of cobalt ammunition) will be subjected to a section of 1700×300 kilometers. An additional problem will be created by the basic wave formed by vapors, drops of water. During the tests within the framework of the project "Crossroads" (ibid.), it was found that by washing this mixture of ships participating in the tests, creates a level of radiation on them that is incompatible with the stay of a person. Source The tsunami created by the explosion will have a height of up to 500 m, will destroy all buildings on the mainland at a distance of up to 500 km from the coast (with a flat terrain).
 

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