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Macchi Designations (Aermacchi / Alenia-Aermacchi)


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Aermacchi was an Italian aircraft manufacturer. Established originally in 1912 as the Nieuport-Macchi S.A. by Giulio Macchi at Varese in north-western Lombardy. It was later known as Aeronautica Macchi S.p.A. During the firms formative years Macchi worked closely with engine designer Vittorio Franchini.

I will break the list into several (manageable) parts and end with the licence built and sources in the last post.

Macchi Parasol - First Macchi design with a fuselage based on Nieuport 10.000. (1914)

Macchi L.1 - Reconnaissance and bomber flying boat based on a captured Lohner L.40. 140 constructed of this biplane design fitted with a single Isotta Fraschini 6-cylinder engine. (1915)

Macchi L.2 - Reconnaissance and bomber flying boat based on the L.1. 10 built fitted with a single Isotta Fraschini 6-cylinder engine. Quickly superseded by the L.3. (1916)

Macchi L.3 - The L.3 flying boat beat the world record height for seaplane on Lake Varese by rising to 5400 meters in 41 minutes. Design redesignated M.3 in 1917, over 200 of the biplanes completed as reconnaissance and bomber aircraft. (1916)

Macchi M.3 - Biplane flying boat formerly designated L.3. In 1919 travelled Varese-Barcelona (900 km) in 5 hours. (1917)

Macchi M.4 - Reconnaissance and bomber flying boat fighter developed from the M.3 with a more powerful Fiat A.12 engine. Abandoned in 1918 in favour of the M.9 design after only two were completed. (1917)

Macchi M.5 - Biplane flying boat fighter with a single Isotta Fraschini V.4B engine, mass produced. (1917)

Macchi M.6 - Biplane flying boat maritime fighter prototype developed from the M.5 design. (1917)

Macchi M.7 - Flying boat fighter. Biplane which used the ideas taken from the Phonix D.II and D.III designs. Eleven built. (1918)

Macchi M.7bis - Schneider Trophy racing seaplane. (1920)

Macchi M7ter - Biplane flying boat fighter, major redesign of M.7. (1923)

Macchi M.8 - Biplane flying boat bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. Construction still followed the basis of the original L.3. Some were installed with photographic equipment and radios. Thirty examples completed. (1917)

Macchi M.9 - Biplane flying boat bomber (1918)

Macchi M.10 - [unknown] (1918)

Macchi M.11 - [unknown] (1918)

Macchi M.12 - Single engine biplane flying boat with an Ansaldo San Giorgio pusher engine. The type was used in the reconnaissance, bomber and maritime patrol roles. It showed great potential over early types due to its improved speed. (1918)

Macchi M.12bis - Single engine biplane flying boat developed from the military variant. It could carry 3 passengers and baggage in a cabin for a range of 500 km at 165 km/h. (1919)

Macchi M.13 - [unknown]

Macchi M.14 - Sesquiplane fighter similar to the Hanriot HD.1 constructed by Macchi. Two prototypes were completed before cessation of hostilities. The type was also to be developed as a training school aircraft. (1918)

Macchi M.15 - Biplane fast reconnaissance aircraft with a single Fiat A.12 engine. (1918)

Macchi M.16 – Land based biplane touring and racing aircraft with a 3-cylinder Anzani engine. Used in air races 1920-21 (Coppa Mapelli). One was registered I-BAGC. (1919)

Macchi M.16G - Biplane touring aircraft with a 2-cylinder ABC Gnat II engine. (1921)

Macchi M.16 Idro - Biplane touring floatplane design based on the original land version . (1921)

Macchi M.17 - Flying boat racing biplane. Much modified before emerging as the Schneider racing competitor in August 1922. (1922)

Macchi M.17bis - Schneider Trophy racing seaplane I-BAHG. (1922)

Macchi M.18 - Biplane flying boat for passenger, training, and maritime reconnaissance roles. Two or three passengers could be carried, depending on which of the three civil derivatives were used. Base model fitted with an Isotta Fraschini Asso 6-cylinder engine. The maritime reconnaissance version served until 1928. (1920)

Macchi M.18 Economico – A biplane flying boat. It had a carrying capacity for 2 passengers in a cabin, powered by an Isotta Fraschini V4B. (1921)

Macchi M.18 Estivo - Biplane flying boat. Pilot and 2 passengers in a cabin with windows. Powered by an Isotta Fraschini V4B. (1921)

Macchi M.18 Lusso - Biplane flying boat for 3 passengers in a cabin with windows, powered by an Isotta Fraschini V6. (1921)

Macchi M.18 AR - Biplane flying boat with folding wings, only one built. (1921)

Macchi M.19 - Flying boat competition aircraft for Schneider Trophy. Powered by Fiat A.14 12-cylinder engine. (1920)

Macchi M.20 - Based on the earlier M.16, lying boat racer won La Coppa d'Italia in both 1924 and 1925. This model was able to be used as a landplane by fitting wheels. There were plans to install a more powerful 6-cylinder Wright engine at one stage. (1924)

Macchi M.21 - Twin engine bomber. Hispano-Suiza powered flying boat project. (1922)

Macchi M.22 - Single engine trainer with Le Rhone power, a flying boat project. (1922)

Macchi M.23 - [unknown]

Macchi M.24 - Bomber and torpedo sesquiplane flying boat. Twin Fiat A.12 engine aircraft developed in several variants. (1923)

Macchi M.24bis (Militare) - Military aircraft with larger wing area and either Lorraine or Isotta Fraschini engines. (1926)

Macchi M.24bis (Civile) - Commercial aircraft based on the military version with a capacity for 8 passengers plus 2 crew (Jupiter powered). (1926)

Macchi M.24ter - Military aircraft with Isotta Fraschini Asso engines. Had a slightly smaller wing area than the M.24bis, only one completed. (1927)

Macchi M.25 - [unknown]

Macchi M.26 - Maritime flying boat fighter prototype. Single engine biplane designed by engineer Castoldi. An aesthetically clean and elegant design. Some design features were carried on into the later M.41 and M.71 designs. (1924)

Macchi M.27 - [unknown]

Macchi M.28 - Biplane two-seat flying boat project. Powered by a single Le Rhone. (1924)

Macchi M.29 - Single engine, single-seat, fighter design based on the Nieuport-Delage 29C.1. [1924]


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Macchi M.30 - Training aircraft project. A biplane with a fixed undercarriage with two seats. (1924)

Macchi M.31 – Land based fighter project with a fixed undercarriage with a single seat. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,8798.0/highlight,macchi+m-31.html (1924)

Macchi M.32 - [unknown]

Macchi M.33 - Schneider Trophy racing seaplane. High-wing monoplane racer for 1925 Schneider Trophy with engine on pylons above the fuselage. (1925)

Macchi M.34 - Biplane single-seat flying boat project. Powered by a single Fiat A.20. Very similar to th M.26 design. (1929)

Macchi M.37 - Flying boat project for the strategic reconnaissance role. Three crew and one Isotts-Fraschini Asso 500 engine. (1925)

Macchi M.38 - Tactical reconnaissance monoplane project. (1925)

Macchi M.39 - Low-wing Schneider Trophy racing floatplane with a Fiat AS.2 12 cylinder engine. (1926)

Macchi M.40 - Maritime reconnaissance biplane on a single centre line float. Two seat aeroplane, with a single Fiat A.20 12 cylinder engine. Able to be deployed at sea by catapult. (1928)

Macchi M.41 - Biplane pusher flying boat maritime fighter by engineer Castoldi. (1927)

Macchi M.41bis - Version with a radiator relocated in a vertical position rather than oblique. Eight of these survived through to 1939.

Macchi M.42 - Twin-engine flying boat project. (1930)

Macchi M.42M - Bomber flying boat project with two Isotta Fraschini engines. (1930)

Macchi M.43 - [unknown]

Macchi M.44 - [unknown]

Macchi M.45 - [unknown]

Macchi M.46 - [unknown]

Macchi M.47 - [unknown]

Macchi M.48 - [unknown]

Macchi M.49 - [unknown]

Macchi M.50 - [unknown]

Macchi M.51 - [unknown]

Macchi M.52 - Schneider Trophy low-wing monoplane racing seaplane for the 1927 Venice competition. Twin floats. (1927)

Macchi M.52R - Schneider Trophy racing seaplane for the 1929 Calshot competition. The R denoted the reduced cockpit size. (1929)

Macchi M.53 - Maritime scouting and reconnaissance floatplane with a single A.D.C. Cirrus 4-cylinder powerplant. Low-wing monoplane design built as a single prototype on twin-floats. (1929)

Macchi M.54 - [unknown]

Macchi M.55 - [unknown]

Macchi M.56 - [unknown]

Macchi M.57 - [unknown]

Macchi M.58 - [unknown]

Macchi M.59 - [unknown]

Macchi M.60 - [unknown]

Macchi M.61 - [unknown]

Macchi M.62 - [unknown]

Macchi M.63 - [unknown]

Macchi M.64 - [unknown]

Macchi M.65 - [unknown]

Macchi M.66 - [unknown]

Macchi M.67 - Schneider Trophy (Calshot) racing floatplane. Low-wing monoplane design with an Isotta Fraschini Asso engine. (1929)

Macchi M.68 - [unknown]

Macchi M.69 - [unknown]

Macchi M.70 - Touring light biplane. A two seat landplane or floatplane with a Columbo S.53 engine. Some were also fitted with an A.D.C. Cirrus II powerplant. (1928)
Macchi M.71 - Flying boat maritime fighter similar to the earlier M.41bis design. Prototype only completed. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,12121.msg167648.html#msg167648 (1930)

Macchi M.C.72 - Schneider Trophy racing seaplane. A sleek low-wing design which participated in the 1933 competition. (1931)

Macchi M.C.73 - Touring biplane with a Columbo S.63 engine. Two seat design fitted with dual controls. (1931)

Macchi M.C.73 Idro - Touring floatplane version of the landplane with almost identical performance figures. (1931)

Macchi M.C.74 - [unknown]
Macchi M.C.75 - Reconnaissance project with a single engine. Had float and land fixed gear on central hull with side floats, high-wing monoplane, four crew. (1932)

Macchi M.C.76 - [unknown]

Macchi M.C.77 - Bomber reconnaissance flying boat, prototype only. (1935)

Macchi M.C.79 - Long-range bomber and reconnaissance flying boat project. Had a floating hull side floats and was to be a cantilever high-wing monoplane. (1934)

Macchi M.C.91 - Twin-engine monoplane project for a heavy night bomber to be constructed of wood and metal with fuselage turret. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,12121.msg118179.html#msg118179

Macchi M.C.94 - Twin-engine monoplane flying boat airliner. Served with dell'Ala Littoria. (1936)

Macchi M.C.95 - Four engine heavy bomber project. (1934)

Macchi M.C.96 - [unknown]

Macchi M.C.97 - [unknown]

Macchi M.C.98 - [unknown]

Macchi M.C.99 - Twin-engine, twin tailed high-wing military monoplane flying boat. Roles considered included Reconnaissance, bomber and torpedo aircraft. Remained a prototype only. (1937)


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Macchi M.C.100 - Large transport monoplane with three engines and an triple-tail. Commercial development of the M.C.99 which served with dell'Ala Littoria. (1938)

Macchi M.C.200 Saetta - Attack and fighter low-wing aeroplane. Single-seat, single Fiat A.74 engine. Nearly 400 completed and saw service 1939-1947. (1939)

Macchi M.C.201 - Fighter design modelled on the M.C.201. Fiat A.76 engine. (1940)

Macchi M.C.202 Folgore - Sleek low-wing fighter. Nearly 400 examples produced. Most fitted with Alfa Romeo engines, first example had a Daimler-Benz DB601 engine. (1941)

Macchi M.C.203 - A twin engined reconnaissance-bomber floatplane project.

Macchi M.C.204 - Monoplane project based on the M.C.202 wth the installation of an engine by Isotta-Fraschini.

Macchi M.C.205 Veltro - Low-wing fighter or fighter bomber. Prototype first flew on 19 April 1942. (1942)

Macchi M.C.205 N/1 - Low-wing fighter prototype first flew on 1 November 1942 with a Daimler-Benz DB605 powerplant. (1942)

Macchi M.C.205 N/2 - Low-wing fighter prototype first flew on 19 May 1943. Differed to the N/1 in armament configuration. (1942)

Macchi M.C.206 - Land-based fighter project. A follow-on design from the M.C.205 project, powered by a Daimler-Benz DB.603 engine. (1944)

Macchi M.C.300 - Very fast twin-engine development of the M.C.91, with new engines, twin rudders. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,12175.msg118878.html#msg118878

Macchi M.B.308 - An un-braced high-wing training or light civil touring aircraft (1946)

Macchi M.B.310 - Twin-engine medium transport landplane project for two pilots and ten passengers. A monoplane with Alfa engines. The landing gear was to be replaced by floats. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,17080.msg164490.html#msg164490 (1947)

Macchi M.B.311 - Twin-engine medium transport project for two pilots and ten passengers. A monoplane with Alfa engines. (1947)

Macchi M.B.312 - Project designed in compliance with a ministerial specification for a twin-engine aircraft for military crew training. (1948)

Macchi M.B.314 - Light wooden tourer project for up to six people. (1948)

Macchi M.B.320G - A development of the M.B.308 was this seaplane utility aircraft with wooden floats. (1946)

Macchi M.B.320 - Twin-engine light civil executive aircraft (1949)

Macchi M.B.323 - Secondary level monoplane trainer. Although it remained at the prototype stage, was able to demonstrate in the course of testing its indisputable qualities of functionality (1952)

Macchi M.B.324 - A project jet fighter aircraft with swept wings. (1950)

Macchi M.B.330 - A project derived from the M.B.326 design. 2 crew and four passengers. Was to be powered by two Turbomeca jets. (1963)

Macchi M.416 - Tandem trainer with a Lycoming O-435-A engine. Licence built Fokker S.11 Instructor. (1951)


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Aermacchi M.B.326 - Bristol Siddeley Viper turbofan engined trainer and light attack aircraft. Production included two prototypes and 125 production training aircraft for the Italian Air Force. (1961)
Aermacchi M.B.326A - Proposed armed version for weapons training, not built. Project only.
Aermacchi M.B.326B - Armed version of the base M.B.326 model. Two-seat jet trainer, light attack aircraft for Tunisia.
Aermacchi M.B.326C - Version provided with complete electronic equipment and a longer and pointed nose.
Aermacchi M.B.326D - Two-seat unarmed jet trainer for Alitalia.
Aermacchi M.B.326E - Two-seat armed jet trainer for the Italian Air Force.
Aermacchi M.B.326F - Two-seat jet trainer, light attack aircraft for Ghana.
Aermacchi M.B.326G - Two-seat jet trainer, ground-attack aircraft. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,12724.msg189304.html#msg189304
Aermacchi M.B.326GB - Two-seat jet trainer, ground-attack aircraft. Sold to the Argentine Navy, Zaire and Zambia.
Aermacchi M.B.326GC - Two-seat jet trainer, ground-attack aircraft for the Brazilian Air Force. Built under license in Brazil as the EMBRAER EMB-326. 167 aircraft were built for the Brazilian Air Force. Eleven of the Brazilian aircraft were transferred to the Argentine Navy after the Falklands War. More aircraft were exported to Togo and Paraguay. Total production: 182. Xavante was Brazilian Air Force name of the MB-326GC.
Aermacchi M.B.326H - Two-seat jet trainer, nearly 100 aircraft were built for the Royal Australian Air Force and Royal Australian Navy. Twelve Italian-built aircraft and 85 built under license in Australia by the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation with the designation "CA-30".
Aermacchi M.B.326K - Single-seat ground-attack aircraft for the South African Air Force. Built under license in South Africa by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation. Impala was South African Air Force name for the MB-326K.
Aermacchi M.B.326KB - Single-seat ground-attack aircraft for Zaire.
Aermacchi M.B.326KD - Single-seat ground-attack aircraft for Dubai.
Aermacchi M.B.326KG - Single-seat ground-attack aircraft for Ghana.
Aermacchi M.B.326KT - Single-seat ground-attack aircraft for Tunisia.
Aermacchi M.B.326L - Two-seat advanced jet trainer aircraft. MB-326LD: Two-seat advanced jet training aircraft for Dubai.
Aermacchi M.B.326LT - Two-seat advanced jet training aircraft for Tunisia.
Aermacchi M.B.326M - Two-seat jet trainer, ground-attack aircraft for the South African Air Force. Built under license in South Africa by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation. Impala Mk I: South African Air Force designation of the MB-326M.
Aermacchi M.B.326RM - Five Italian Air Force MB-326s were converted into ECM aircraft.

Aermacchi AL-60 - High wing light civil utility aircraft developed by Aermacchi and Lockheed. (1959)

Aermacchi SF.260 - piston-engine or turboprop-powered screener/primary trainer as well as aerobatics aircraft and military trainer. (1964)

Aermacchi M.B.335 - The initial project designation of the AM.3 (1966)

Aermacchi AM.3 - military utility aircraft (1967)

Aermacchi M.B.338 - trainer (early 1970s)

Aermacchi M.B.339X - Two prototypes of this advanced trainer. (1976)
Aermacchi M.B.339A - Original production variant for Italy. 107 were delivered in three batches 1979–1995. Four delivered to Ghana and five to Dubai.
Aermacchi M.B.339PAN - Variant for Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team, adding smoke generator but removing tip tanks 21 new build or converted from MB-339A.
Aermacchi M.B.339RM - Radio and radar calibration variant for Italian Air Force. Three built in 1981 but later converted to MB.339A standard.
Aermacchi M.B.339AM - A version built for Malaysia. (1983)
Aermacchi M.B.339AN - A version built for Nigeria. (1984)
Aermacchi M.B.339AP - Version built for Peru. (1981)
Aermacchi M.B.339K Veltro II - Single-seat dedicated attack version, first flew 30 May 1980. Only one built.
Aermacchi M.B.339B - Trainer with more powerful (4,400 lbf (19.57 kN)) Viper 680-43 engine. One example built.
Aermacchi M.B.339C - Revised trainer version with new, digital avionics.
Aermacchi M.B.339CB - New Zealand trainer and weapons training version of MB-339C, powered by Viper 680-43 engine and equipped with laser rangefinder, radar detection, AIM-9L Sidewinder and AGM-65 Maverick capability. (1991)
Aermacchi M.B.339CD - Order for Italy, with modernised flight controls and avionics, but retaining original 4,000 lbf (17.79 kW) Viper 632-43 of MB-339A.
Aermacchi M.B.339FD - Export version of the MB-339CD.
Aermacchi M.B.339CE - Model C version built for Eritrea powered by Viper 680-43.
Aermacchi M.B.339CM A further C version built for Malaysia.
Aermacchi M.B.339 T-Bird II (Lockheed T-Bird II) Version for U.S. JPATS competition, Viper 680-582

Aermacchi M.B.340 - light ground-attack aircraft (early 1970s)

Aermacchi S-211 - trainer (1981)

Aermacchi M-290 RediGO - trainer based on initial Finnish Valmet design. (1985)

Alenia Aermacchi M-311 - basic turbofan trainer. Alenia Aermacchi M-311 was, in 2012, re-designated the M-345. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,19695.msg190708.html#msg190708 (2005)

Alenia Aermacchi M-345 - Trainer, previously the M.311. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,19695.msg191684.html#msg191684 (2012)

Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master - advanced and lead-in fighter trainer of the new generation (2004)

Alenia Aermacchi T-100 Master - Renamed M-536 for the U.s. market for a T-38 Talon replacement. (2010)


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Collaborations & Licence Built:

Nieuport 10.000 - Observation monoplane (1915)

Nieuport D.C. 10.000 (Ni 18) - Observation, fighter and training biplane, 240 built. (1915)

Nieuport D.C. 11.000 (Bebe) - Fighter biplane with Le Rhone engine. (1916)

Nieuport D.C. 17.000 - Fighter biplane with Le Rhone engine, 150 built. (1917)

Hanriot HD.1 - biplane fighter manufactured under licence. (1917)

de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire Mk.52 - Fighter and fighter bomber twin-boom jet licence built. (1950)

AMX Program - Alenia Aermacchi takes part in the AMX program with Alenia Aeronautica and Embraer of Brazil with a total share of 24%. Alenia Aermacchi develops and manufactures the fuselage forward and rear sections and installs some avionic equipment in the aircraft. A Mid-Life Updating program is required by the Italian Air Force to upgrade the aircraft capabilities.

Panavia Tornado - Alenia Aermacchi designs and produces wing pylons and wing tips, roots, trailing edges and flaps, which represents a 5% share in the overall program.

Eurofighter EFA2000 - Alenia Aermacchi has a share of more than 4% in the Eurofighter program, for the design and development of wing pylons, twin missile and twin store carriers, ECM pods, carbon fibre structures and titanium engine cowlings.

Alenia C-27J Spartan - After participating in the G-222 transport aircraft program, the company is involved in the new Military Transport Aircraft C-27J Spartan, for the production of outer wings.

Aircraft manufactured by the Macchi for projects of other companies

Maurice Farman 1914 - Observation and army co-operation biplane. (1914)

I.C.R.20 - Maritime biplane fighter floatplane. (1928)

Caproni Ca.100 Idro - Training and tourer biplane with floats. (1930)

Siai-Marchetti S.M.79 - Torpedo bomber trimotor. (1938)

Siai-Marchetti S.M.81 - Bomber and transport trimotor. (1935)

de Havilland D.H.100 Vampire Mk.51 - Fighter and fighter bomber twin-boom jet. (1950)

de Havilland D.H.113 Vampire NF.10 - Night fighter twin-boom jet two-seater.


Velivoli Macchi dal 1912 al 1963 (Rosario Abate & Giulo Lazzati) Ali Nel Tempo
Wikipedia for MB339 and MB326 sub-variants.
Flight Global Archive
Air Enthusiast


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Great work my dear Cy-27;

M.10 two seat recce aircraft,not sure
M.11 also two seat recce aircraft,not sure
M.13 racer flying boat,designed for Schneider Trophy contest
M.25 three seat reconnaissance bomber flying boat version M.24,powered by 510 hp
Isotta-Fraschini Asso V-12 piston engines
M.27 racer seaplane project
M.59 racer seaplane aircraft,not sure
MC.97 high speed heavy bomber project,developed from MC.91
M.C.207 well known single seat fighter project
M.C.301 twin engined heavy fighter project
M.B.325 Impala not sure about that design,and no details are known
M.B.328 twin engined bussined aircraft project
M.B.329 twin engined business aircraft project,larger than M.B.328
M.B.331 twin enined high wing utility aircraft project
M.B.334 regional aircraft project,powered by either two jets or turboprops
M.B.336 single seat ground attack aircraft,developed from M.B.326,later called M.B.326K
M.B.341 single seat canard jet aircraft,may be fighter or ground attack project;


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C.3 was non-fighter design produced by Macchi during the WW2,it was twin engined
low-wing trainer and light transport monoplane,first flown in 1943,and powered
by two 155 hp Alfa Romeo 111 inverted in-line engines.


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MC.76 was two seat catapult launched recce project.
MB.327 single seat lightweight fighter project for NATO requirement.
MB.342,MB.343 & MB.344 was a single seat light attack and COIN aircraft projects.


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hesham said:
C.3 was non-fighter design produced by Macchi during the WW2,it was twin engined
low-wing trainer and light transport monoplane,first flown in 1943,and powered
by two 155 hp Alfa Romeo 111 inverted in-line engines.




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The Macchi C-3 would have been the second prototype Bestetti-Colombo C-3 completed with Blackburn Cirrus Majors in place of the first prototype's Alfa Romeo 111s. Macchi receiving C-3 plans led directly to the post-war tricycle-geared 6-seater AerMacchi B.320 (MB.320) 'macchini'.

In a similar way, Ermanno Bazzocchi had derived the tricycle B.308 light plane (MB.308) from the wartime CNA PM.1 'taildragger'.

-- B.320 photo https://www.flightglobal.com/FlightPDFArchive/1952/1952%20-%200699.PDF
-- B.320 cutaway http://www.avia-it.com/act/biblioteca/periodici/PDF%20Riviste/Alata/Alata%201949%2005.pdf
-- NB: Avia also has photos of B.308 (tricycle-geared version with Continental C.85 and Idro version on twin floats with Continental C-90).