IAe 27 / 31 Pulqui I and II

Looks good. Argentina was really ahead of the curve with jet aircraft back in the days.

-----JT-----
 
I think that Reimar Horten was also involved in the development of the Pulqui II's experimental glider when he arrived in Argentina, before switching back to his flying-wing designs (IAe-34, 37, 38, 41, 48, Pierniferos...).
 
Tank's Pulqui-II,
if brought to the stage of production could have been measured with their natural counterparts MiG-15, F-86 Sabre, There were no shortage of potentials Buyers outside the major alliances (USA-CCCP); The Spain of General Franco (friend of Argentina) needed replacements for their old fighters; There were some who need to begins to shoot right away, like the Arab countries or........... the explosive Indian sub-continent, of the time.
These could have been possible colors of the "Export" Pulqui-II.

Saludos
MC72

Pulqui_II_for_export.jpg
 
Very interesting work!
It seems to me to eat questions on a combination of the channel of an air inlet and a cabin, feet of the pilot couldn't is in an air stream, whether not so?
Whether saw you these photos
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/images/fotos/foto231z.jpg
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/images/fotos/foto230z.jpg
here:
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/fotos/fotos009.html
Judging by a photo the nasal part has slightly other rivets of a line!
According to the panel lines can be others?

You couldn't compare Pulki II with Lavochkin La-168 and Lavochkin La-176?
http://www.aviastar.org/air/russia/la-168.php
http://www.aviastar.org/air/russia/la-176.php

There is something the general, whether a lie? ;)

B.R. Serge
 
While I doubt Sweden (under a Social Democratic government) would sell SAAB J-29 Tunnan (or any other military aircraft) to Franco's Spain, it would probably gladly sell to India, which didn't happen.

Were the aerodynamic and the other possible issues with the Palqui II going to be solved?
 
Aardvark said:
Very interesting work!
It seems to me to eat questions on a combination of the channel of an air inlet and a cabin, feet of the pilot couldn't is in an air stream, whether not so?
Whether saw you these photos
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/images/fotos/foto231z.jpg
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/images/fotos/foto230z.jpg
here:
http://www.mincyt.cba.gov.ar/site/fabricamilitar/fotos/fotos009.html
Judging by a photo the nasal part has slightly other rivets of a line!
According to the panel lines can be others?

You couldn't compare Pulki II with Lavochkin La-168 and Lavochkin La-176?
http://www.aviastar.org/air/russia/la-168.php
http://www.aviastar.org/air/russia/la-176.php

There is something the general, whether a lie? ;)

B.R. Serge
Clearly the air flow in the case of the Tank's Pulqui-II, goes to the sides of the cabin and not below it, with better aerodynamics.

Flujo_aire_por_los_lados_copia.jpg


The configuration of air flow of Tank's Pulqui-II is best fit, than that used in the Ta.183 Huckebein which in turn probably comes from the Saab Tunnan; These two have more frontal area, and therefore more aerodynamic resistance.

What you mean precisely, compare Pulqui-II, with the Lavochkin La-168 and the Lavochkin La-176?

Saludos
MC-72

Huckebein_and_Tunnan.jpg
 
Hammer Birchgrove said:
While I doubt Sweden (under a Social Democratic government) would sell SAAB J-29 Tunnan (or any other military aircraft) to Franco's Spain, it would probably gladly sell to India, which didn't happen.

Were the aerodynamic and the other possible issues with the Palqui II going to be solved?

Sweden makes good airplanes! But its policy of extrict neutrality, preclude the sale of this aircraft...........a country like France more "open-minded" would have done great business with this same model.....No doubts!!

However there is a exception, the Tunnan was sold to the then "neutral" Austria, and even participates to the UN-forces for the secessionist conflict in the Congolese province of Katanga.
 
MC72 said:
Hammer Birchgrove said:
While I doubt Sweden (under a Social Democratic government) would sell SAAB J-29 Tunnan (or any other military aircraft) to Franco's Spain, it would probably gladly sell to India, which didn't happen.

Were the aerodynamic and the other possible issues with the Palqui II going to be solved?

Sweden makes good airplanes! But its policy of extrict neutrality, preclude the sale of this aircraft...........a country like France more "open-minded" would have done great business with this same model.....No doubts!!

However there is a exception, the Tunnan was sold to the then "neutral" Austria, and even participates to the UN-forces for the secessionist conflict in the Congolese province of Katanga.
This is true. :)
 
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e9/Pulqui_II_Argentine_Museum.jpg/800px-Pulqui_II_Argentine_Museum.jpg
A Pulqui II from Wikimedia Commons.
 
MC72 said:
Hammer Birchgrove said:
While I doubt Sweden (under a Social Democratic government) would sell SAAB J-29 Tunnan (or any other military aircraft) to Franco's Spain, it would probably gladly sell to India, which didn't happen.

Were the aerodynamic and the other possible issues with the Palqui II going to be solved?

Sweden makes good airplanes! But its policy of extrict neutrality, preclude the sale of this aircraft...........a country like France more "open-minded" would have done great business with this same model.....No doubts!!

However there is a exception, the Tunnan was sold to the then "neutral" Austria, and even participates to the UN-forces for the secessionist conflict in the Congolese province of Katanga.

It's slightly off topic discussion, but actually Sweden had never such non-export policy, to mention only the Bofors guns world-wide success, the Carl Gustaf recoilles guns and so on. As for aircraft the Swedes tried to sell them to numerous countries but made it only in few instances (Denmark, Austria, Finland in the Cold War era). You may find details at http://www.x-plane.org/home/urf/aviation/text/exports.html.

It's hard to tell about possibility of selling Swedish aircraft to Franco's Spain, only because there were no such projects or attempts. What remains certain is that in the late 1940s/early 1950s Sweden did sell Spain Bofors 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.

Best regards,
Piotr
 
MC72 said:
There were no shortage of potentials Buyers outside the major alliances (USA-CCCP); The Spain of General Franco (friend of Argentina) needed replacements for their old fighters; There were some who need to begins to shoot right away, like the Arab countries or........... the explosive Indian sub-continent, of the time.
These could have been possible colors of the "Export" Pulqui-II.

Translated from the French Aviation Magazine N°80, 15 August 1953:

The IA-33 Pulqui II, a swept-wing jet fighter designed by German engineer Kurt Tank, has been plagued with bad fortune, with the successive crash of two prototypes. Flight testing has recently resumed and has been described as especially satisfactory both in terms of maneuverability and speed — the speed of sound being attained in a dive. It is now likely that this aircraft will be produced. The United States are reportedly willing to acquire a Pulqui II in order to test it.

A Pulqui II in American colors?!? That would have been something!
 
Ready...!

Cutaway IA-33 Pulqui II, modified by Motocar in free interpretation
 

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Re: Argentinian Unbuilt Projects - IA-27a Pulqui II

In the International Air Power Review Vol. 25 there is an article on Argentinian jet projects. Amongst others it briefly mentions what was designated IAe-27a Pulqui II and what was an intermediate phase of development between IAe-27 Pulqui I by Dewoitine and IAe-33 Pulqui II by Tank. Interestingly IAe-27a was designed by Argentinian (or Italian) engineers who had previously worked with Dewoitine on IAe-27.

Here you have cutouts from the IAPR article containing a photo of IAe-27a's modell as well as what the article says on the project and a table with specifications of all members of the Pulqui family, incl. the IAe-27a.

Regards,
Piotr
 

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If that is a Pulqui II, what are these

https://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=211.0;attach=576918
 
kitnut617 said:
If that is a Pulqui II, what are these

https://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=211.0;attach=576918

What the IAPR article says may be understood that original Pulqui II was IAe-27a. After Kurt Tank took over the design the Pulqui II designation was retained but the numerical one was changed from '27a' to '33'.

So apparently there were two Pulqui IIs: IAe-27a and IAe-33.

Piotr
 
Here yet another photos (and a little drawing) of the IAe-27a model found somewhere on the Internet.

Piotr
 

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Again on the IAe-27a.

This time two photos of pages from an Argentinian magazine, in first of which you may see Mr Norberto Morchio in his home in Cordoba in 2012 beside models of 'the original design' of Pulqui II and Pulqui I and in the other - model of the IAe-27a (the same as above). Perhaps anyone can tell what magazine the photos come from?

In addition to that: from http://historiasdeaviones.blogspot.com/2013/11/la-genesis-de-las-flechas.html a drawing of the wing and undercarriage of the first prototype of IA-33 (you may see the "IA-33" in the right-lower corner of the drawing). It looks quite interesting as it clearly depict a mid-wing aircraft, not the high-wing (IA-33 as built). So I suspect that this was to be an intermediate phase of the design between Morchio-Ricciardi's design and that of Tank. Bearing in mind a remark from the article in the IAPR (https://www.secretprojects.co.uk/threads/argentinian-unbuilt-projects.211/post-347027) that "Tank's fuselage was adopted with the IAe-27a undercarriage", what may be seen in the drawing is the undercarriage arrangement from the Morchio-Ricciardi project. It may be also an indication that their project was in fact mid-wing rather than low-wing.
Btw does anybody have the drawing with higher resolution?

Piotr
 

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This is a repost from this thread (plus this) but i thought i would post it here as it is relevant to the topic of the Pulqui II. I looked into the Pulqui II prototype names and found this: https://archive.org/stream/alan_147/SAFO 144_djvu.txt
If this text is correct then most books and sources about the Pulqui II are incorrect, with only 4 complete prototypes being made.
  1. E-1- first prototype, armed with four 20 mm MG-151 cannons. First flight: June 16, 1950. Crashed: May 1951.
  2. E-2 - second prototype, initially unarmed and planned for static tests but was later modified to become flight worthy when the E-3 crashed in 1952. The modification was done in 1953 and included: first fitting of the planned armament of four 20 mm HS 804 cannons, one wing fence per wing, four trakes on the tail, air brakes, increased fuel capacity from 2,000 to 3,000 liters (as per E-3), strengthened landing gear (as per E-3), in-flight adjustable rudder (as per E-3). This modification is what i believe most people call "prototype 04" and the "prototype 02m" (modified), etc. Crashed 1956.
  3. E-3 - third prototype, unarmed. Modifications from E-1: increased fuel capacity (2,000 to 3,000 liters), strengthened landing gear, in-flight adjustable rudder. First flight: early 1952. Crashed october 1952.
  4. E-4 - fourth prototype, never completed with parts going into the E-5.
  5. E-5 - fifth prototype, completed in 1959 using parts from E-4 and E-6 as the final Pulqui II. It is called "Pulqui IIe" at times but was equal to the final E-2 but without armament. First flight: May 1960. Given to "Museo Nacional de Aeronáutica de Argentina" at the end of 1960.
  6. E-6 - sixth prototype, never completed with parts going into the E-5.
 
LAS FLECHAS ARGENTINAS – DESARROLLO E HISTORIA DE LOS PULQUI I Y PULQUI II DE LA FABRICA MILITAR DE AVIONES

By Atilio Marino (Avialatina Group)
Lovely. Will translate it properly when i get home.
 
I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.
 

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I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.

To be fully honest (if not brutal): I can readily understand why they went for K. Tank design. Of course hindsight is alway 20/20.
 
I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.

Actually, the best of both projects was taken for the I.Ae.33 Pulqui II.

Later, the Argentine designers in charge of this project decided to leave the FMA. It seems to be because they felt displaced by the Germans and they did not share their information with their Argentine colleagues:

img_20210710_084457-jpg.660396




IAe_27a_Pulqui_II.jpg
 
The History of the Pulqui






el-Pulqui.png
 
I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.
I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.

Actually, the best of both projects was taken for the I.Ae.33 Pulqui II.

Later, the Argentine designers in charge of this project decided to leave the FMA. It seems to be because they felt displaced by the Germans and they did not share their information with their Argentine colleagues:
Thanks a lot for your photos.

What are your sources ?

On the French websites https://aviationsmilitaires.net/v3/forum/reste-du-monde-26/topic/fma-iae-27-pulqui-2833/?page=1

They gave, some years ago, this link :

with these two "photos" :
 

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No creo que hayamos tenido esto antes, la propuesta de Emile Dewotine para el Pulqui II, que fue rechazada por los argentinos a favor de los diseños de Kurt Tank.
No creo que hayamos tenido esto antes, la propuesta de Emile Dewotine para el Pulqui II, que fue rechazada por los argentinos a favor de los diseños de Kurt Tank.

En realidad, lo mejor de ambos proyectos se lo llevó el I.Ae.33 Pulqui II.

Posteriormente, los diseñadores argentinos a cargo de este proyecto decidieron dejar la FMA. Parece ser porque se sintieron desplazados por los alemanes y no compartieron su información con sus colegas argentinos:
Muchas gracias por tus fotos.

¿Cuáles son tus fuentes?

En los sitios web franceses https://aviationsmilitaires.net/v3/forum/reste-du-monde-26/topic/fma-iae-27-pulqui-2833/?page=1

Ellos dieron, hace algunos años, este enlace:

con estas dos "fotos" :
http://www.militariarg.com/uploads/4/2/2/1/4221080/1381952436.jpg
http://www.militariarg.com/uploads/4/2/2/1/4221080/9281332_orig.jpg
En Argentina hay muchos libros publicados sobre las FMA y Pulqui II, e información en sitios web en español de autores locales que tuvieron acceso directo a la información y documentos:



 
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I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.
I don't think we've had this before, Emile Dewotine's proposal for the Pulqui II, which was turned down by the Argentines in favour Kurt Tank's designs.

Actually, the best of both projects was taken for the I.Ae.33 Pulqui II.

Later, the Argentine designers in charge of this project decided to leave the FMA. It seems to be because they felt displaced by the Germans and they did not share their information with their Argentine colleagues:
Thanks a lot for your photos.

What are your sources ?

On the French websites https://aviationsmilitaires.net/v3/forum/reste-du-monde-26/topic/fma-iae-27-pulqui-2833/?page=1

They gave, some years ago, this link :

with these two "photos" :
This is one of the best books about Pulqui I and II

qp1VvVceYaHuZBfk9bPKleLka2pALKsKYn16cPBp.jpeg
 

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