VKA Myasishchev 1957


Donald McKelvy
Senior Member
14 August 2009
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Model of VKA Myasishchev 1957 found at USSR-Russian Aviation and Space Collectibles.

NOTE: Although seller claims that model is authentic and accurate, the reader should be aware that the authenticity and accuracy of this model is in question. It may have been manufactured by another party without license.

27 inches wing span one of a kind hand made model of rare spaceplane VKA 1957.Details on this project are below: Chief designers Myasishchev and Korolev had known each other well since World War II, when they were in the same sharashka (prison design bureau in the Soviet Gulag). They got along well and informally conducted studies in support of each other`s projects. After Sputnik was launched Myasishchev began design for Korolev of a piloted vehicle for launch by Korolev`s R-7 ICBM. This diminutive single-crew star-shaped spacecraft was called the VKA (aero-space vehicle). It would be manoeuvred within the atmosphere by two high rudders. Its faceted shape was reminiscent of the much later F-117 Stealth Fighter and the concurrent Armstrong-Whitworth Nonweiler Waverider. The faceting of this and subsequent Myasishchev designs may have indicated a refined application of Nonweiler shock-wave riding principles. However they may also have been due to the necessity of calculating hypersonic aerodynamic characteristics by breaking the shape into a series of planes, or limitations in fabricating the heat shield materials. The much later F-119 flew faceted because the computational problem of an aerodynamically optimum rounded vehicle (in relation to radar reflection in this case, as opposed to hypersonic aerodynamics) could not be solved during development of the aircraft. These early informal studies were superseded by later officially-sanctioned designs.


Seller's claim of authenticity:


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That looks a lot like Kraft Ehricke's re-entry vehicles, as used for the Atlas Space Station, a moon lander, and others - see old Convair artwork!
Making some "cleaning" in my HD, I found this drawing, recorded from a website I unfortunately forgot to note the name (sorry for its webmaster).
This two-crew space vehicle seems to be related to the Myasishchev VKA, but I don't know if it's a real project or a fake.


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Absolutely real project winged spacecraft.
One of the options on the theme "48"


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Wow, wonderful!
Thanks a lot Borovik.

What can be the function of the "panel" above and behind the cockpit?


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