Sovyetskiy Soyuz (Project 23) class battleship

Length : 259.6m
Beam : 38.9m
Draught : 10.37m
Maximum Displacement : 65,150t
Propulsion : Steam turbine X 12 (201,000hp), Range 5,960nm at 14kt
Speed : 28kt
Armament : 406mm 50cal. X 9, 152mm 57cal. X 12, 100mm 56cal. AA X 6, 37mm AA X 32, 457mm Torpedo tube X 2
Armor : Belt 420mm, Deck 125mm, Turret 495mm, Bridge 480mm
Complement : 1,664
 

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Sentinel Chicken - check your PM a little bit later.

Source
A.M. Vasil'ev Sovetsky Souyz Type Battleships
(c) 2006 Galleya Print St.Petersburg
Graphics by Y.V. Apal'kov
 

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Port broadside view of Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship model.

Artist's impression of the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship.

The class would have consisted of four ships:

* Sovietsky Soyuz ("Soviet Union") - laid down 15 July 1938 in Leningrad
* Sovietskaya Ukraina ("Soviet Ukraine") - laid down 28 November 1938 in Nikolayev
* Sovietskaya Rossiya ("Soviet Russia") - laid down late 1939 in Molotovsk
* Sovietskaya Belorussiya ("Soviet Belorussia") - laid down late 1939 in Molotovsk

NOTE: The transliteration of Russian names is not consistent from source to source. Variations of spelling include Sovetskii Soiuz, Sovyetskiy Soyuz, Sovetskiy Soyuz, Sovjetski Sojuz
 

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This one might be a bit niche or common knowledge that I only just picked up on:

Molotovsk (where Sovietskaya Rossiya and Sovietskaya Belorussiya were laid down) is now Sevrodvinsk, it was a town that barely existed until Stalin ordered it into being and had it constructed by slave labour in the mid-late 1930s. It was intended as a shipyard town for the construction of large warships and the centrepiece was a massive building shed, capable of simultaneously building two battleships, that lead out onto its own basin. That shed still exists and is part of the Sevmash infrastructure, it can be seen on Google Earth as the southern most of the two large sheds leading onto the big Sevmash basin, the one directly behind the currently under reconstruction Admiral Nakhimov. For reference see the below links:

Declassified October 1954 CIA report showing the layout of the shipyard.
1944 photo of the shed taken by the US Naval Attache on a boat tour of Molotovsk.

Incidentally, Sovietskaya Ukraina was laid down on the same slipway later used for the soviet carrier programme, culminating in Ul'yanovsk.
 
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First time hear Project 24 with 6x18" guns (are those Yamato turret? lol 'cause they sure look like it), i know there's variant with 4x2 mounts but most are 3x3. Also is this model built on actual blueprint or self depicted?
 
1st is Project 24 with 3-2*457 turrets
"9 - 458 mm guns in three turrets, like a MK-1 (turret with three 406 mm B-37 guns), with increased armour (3x3)
12 - 180 mm guns in four turrets (4x3)
16 - 130 mm guns in eight turrets (8x2)"
And, idea with quadriple barrel turrets for 130 mm guns (8x4)
"Ammunition - 100 rounds for one 458 mm barrel, 150 round for 180 mm and 200 round for 130 mm".
+
Variant of Project 23bis, 12x406 mm, 12x152 mm, 12x100 mm, 12x37 mm:
Project 23bis.jpg
 
I'd love to see the sources used for the small battleship, I think I saw something similar once but it had 5 16 inchers instead
 
Project 23 comprehensive evolution on Warship 2021 issue

 
Project 23 comprehensive evolution on Warship 2021 issue

Mine just arrived today. Excellent article.

Lots on the 1936 KB-4 preliminary. That one is my preferred from and aesthetic standpoint.

Dave G
 
1st is Project 24 with 3-2*457 turrets
"9 - 458 mm guns in three turrets, like a MK-1 (turret with three 406 mm B-37 guns), with increased armour (3x3)
12 - 180 mm guns in four turrets (4x3)
16 - 130 mm guns in eight turrets (8x2)"
And, idea with quadriple barrel turrets for 130 mm guns (8x4)
"Ammunition - 100 rounds for one 458 mm barrel, 150 round for 180 mm and 200 round for 130 mm".
+
Variant of Project 23bis, 12x406 mm, 12x152 mm, 12x100 mm, 12x37 mm:
View attachment 634777
Same picture visibible on "Stalin's Ocean-Going Fleet " .
 
According to plan of 15 august 1937 : there was a proposal for 6 battleship of project23.
 

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Jane's Fighting Ships reported on Sovietskiy Soyuz for a number of years. Given the clandestine nature of Soviet programs during that period, JFS actually had Sovietskiy Soyuz, Project 23, confused with the post-war Stalingrad, Project 82. So, this image has only a shaky connection with reality. However, it is a beautiful rendering that fancifully combines British capital ship design with Swedish missile tech. A Soviet ship, on British lines, with jet age Swedish weapons ("...radio-controlled aerial torpedoes,").

Jane's editor at that time, Raymond V.B. Blackman, was friends with the editor of the Swedish naval almanac, Marinkalendar. That might be the "reliable source" credited with providing the information on the Soviet capital ship building program.

Project 82 was promoted by Stalin, despite reservations about the utility of such a ship, conventional or missile equipped. It was cancelled within 6 weeks of Stalin's death in 1953. Incomplete Stalingrad was expended as a target, while two sisters were broken up on the stocks. Their existence probably justified the completion of Jean Bart, the maintaining of Vanguard and the KGVs, and to a lesser extent, the USN battleships. Once Project 82's cancellation was confirmed in the mid fifties, all battleships were soon relegated to reserve fleets.

JFS 1.jpg JFS 2.jpg
 
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These screenshots all come from a 480p copy of the 1939 Russian film 'Моряки' and show the battleships that come into 'save the day' as the Black Sea fleet faces off against, what from the designs depicted in the models used for the enemy appears to be the Kriegsmarine...

As to the battleships, whatever they are they either have 4 x triple turrets or 4 x quadruple turrets, the pictures are not clear enough to determine much more than that.
 

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These screenshots all come from a 480p copy of the 1939 Russian film 'Моряки' and show the battleships that come into 'save the day' as the Black Sea fleet faces off against, what from the designs depicted in the models used for the enemy appears to be the Kriegsmarine...

As to the battleships, whatever they are they either have 4 x triple turrets or 4 x quadruple turrets, the pictures are not clear enough to determine much more than that.
Apparently, Stalin had a fantasy of fast capital ships steaming from their bases to vanquish the western enemy. Is this film Stalin’s fantasy on screen?
 
These screenshots all come from a 480p copy of the 1939 Russian film 'Моряки' and show the battleships that come into 'save the day' as the Black Sea fleet faces off against, what from the designs depicted in the models used for the enemy appears to be the Kriegsmarine...

As to the battleships, whatever they are they either have 4 x triple turrets or 4 x quadruple turrets, the pictures are not clear enough to determine much more than that.
Apparently, Stalin had a fantasy of fast capital ships steaming from their bases to vanquish the western enemy. Is this film Stalin’s fantasy on screen?
Pretty much, the enemy is never identified specifically by name, but two of the models used for their ships look like Bismarks and the German flag of the period appears on one 'enemy' ship in one scene.
 
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These screenshots all come from a 480p copy of the 1939 Russian film 'Моряки' and show the battleships that come into 'save the day' as the Black Sea fleet faces off against, what from the designs depicted in the models used for the enemy appears to be the Kriegsmarine...

As to the battleships, whatever they are they either have 4 x triple turrets or 4 x quadruple turrets, the pictures are not clear enough to determine much more than that.
Apparently, Stalin had a fantasy of fast capital ships steaming from their bases to vanquish the western enemy. Is this film Stalin’s fantasy on screen?
Pretty much, the enemy is never identified specifically by name, but two of the models used for their ships look like Bismarks and the German flag of the period appears on one 'enemy' ship in one scene.
Some more pictures from this movie:

"Enemies"

1-4: Well-recognized "Panzerschiff" typ;

5-6. Sinking"Bismarck"-class, but with three-gun turrets (!)
 

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Soviet battleships from this movie:

1-3: "Sovyetskiy Soyuz"-class with four main caliber gun turrets - similar to one of the real variants of the 23-bis project;
4-6: "Stalinskaya Konstitutsiya" - fictional battleship, but possibly based on one of the early versions of preliminary designs of the 1936 battleships - variant I of the TsKBS-1: 76 000 t, 330x39x11.2 m, 140 000 h.p., 26 kn, 4x4 450 mm, 12 130 mm, 16 45 mm,belt 380 mm, decks 50+150 mm
 

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Kresta do you have any info: sketches or drawings of the looks of the TTZ designed warships of the 1930's-40's era?
I know the details of the TTZ designed battleships of the 1935-37 timeframe but found no drawings to base the superstructure and hull layout of.
I know the KB-4 (Konstruktorskoye Byuro - Design Bureau, 4th Section) style (Like the actual Sovietsky Soyuz) and the TsKBS-1 (Tsentral'noye Konstruktorskoye Byuro Spetssudostroyeniya - Central Design and Special Shipbuilding Bureau, 1st Section) style (Italian esque looks) but not the TTZ (Taktiko Tekhnicheskoye Zadaniye - Tactical and Technical Requirements by the Commander of Chief of the Naval Forces)
 
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Kresta do you have any info: sketches or drawings of the looks of the TTZ designed warships of the 1930's-40's era?
I know the details of the TTZ designed battleships of the 1935-37 timeframe but found no drawings to base the superstructure and hull layout of.
I know the KB-4 (Konstruktorskoye Byuro - Design Bureau, 4th Section) style (Like the actual Sovietsky Soyuz) and the TsKBS-1 (Tsentral'noye Konstruktorskoye Byuro Spetssudostroyeniya - Central Design and Special Shipbuilding Bureau, 1st Section) style (Italian esque looks) but not the TTZ (Taktiko Tekhnicheskoye Zadaniye - Tactical and Technical Requirements by the Commander of Chief of the Naval Forces)
TTZ usually did not include sketches, but only general instructions on the layout of the ship, its armament, protection, speed, range, etc. Preliminary sketches for the TTZ were developed at the Naval Academy, the NIIVK (Research Institute of Military Shipbuilding) - later the NTK VMF (Scientific and Technical Committee of the Navy) and a number of design bureaus. I have not yet found sketches of the battleships of the NIIVK and NTK VMF, but they should be available in the archives. I expect to post some drawings of small ships (destroyers, minesweepers, gunboats, river monitors) developed by the NTK VMF here soon.
 
These screenshots all come from a 480p copy of the 1939 Russian film 'Моряки' and show the battleships that come into 'save the day' as the Black Sea fleet faces off against, what from the designs depicted in the models used for the enemy appears to be the Kriegsmarine...

As to the battleships, whatever they are they either have 4 x triple turrets or 4 x quadruple turrets, the pictures are not clear enough to determine much more than that.
Thanks for sharing some fascinating images.

When I scrolled thru the screenshots the first thing that came to mind was the final battle in the movie "In Harm's Way" ...........
 

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