ACCESS: Top Secret
- Mar 18, 2008
- Reaction score
Pioneer said:- The AK-630 30mm automatic close-in weapon system It was the world's first CIWS, accepted into operational service in 1972.
In comparison, the West took another eight years before operationally fielding its equivalent Phalanx 20mm CIWS.
On top of this, I've been just as impressed in the volume that the Soviet's were willing to deploy the AK-630's in terms of units per-ship (up to eight x units on the Kirov and Kiev class). Compare this to an average of four x Phalanx 20mm CIWS at most on an American aircraft carrier!
The AK-630 system was not en par with a western CIWS. It’s a very impressive gun inside the Dalek looking mount but the system was way behind the western CIWS in concept. Firstly they fired standard HEI shells rather than the APDS ammunition of a proper CIWS. The difference is significant because the use of APDS ammunition was specific to shooting down missiles because they could cut through the solid propellant rocket motor of the missile causing the rocket to explode and disintegrate. Whereas a HE shell would mess up the front end of the missile but like a Kamikaze it would keep on coming under its own momentum until it hit your ship. Also by using offboard fire control the AK-630 system could not match the precise accuracy of CIWS like Phalanx and Goalkeeper while firing from a ship.
These two reasons is why the Soviet’s had to fit large batteries of AK-630 guns to their ships. Less accuracy, less lethality against missiles. So they made up for it with much larger scales of fire. Which cost a lot in weight and space.