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North American B-70 Valkyrie

JFC Fuller

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Thanks everybody, wonderful images. I think that all but confirms two 14ft weapons bays which would in turn make them viable for SRAM as built (which would have an impressive range from 70,000ft). It would be fascinating to know if the guided missiles in the weapons bay drawing were based on actual concepts or were just generic shapes sized to the B-70 weapons bays.

With regard to the "rocket package" bays, would they be the two doors directly behind the main undercarriage doors in this image (and circled in the attachment)? As they are directly behind the under-carriage, and given the "rocket package" label I wonder if they were for RATO packs, or alternatively for an emergency performance boost as a defensive measure?

When I went looking for the Phrase "rocket package" in the context of the US aerospace in the 1950s I found two consistent examples:

1) A rocket propulsion package, e.g. the "X-15 rocket package"
2) Multi-cell rocket launchers of the type installed instead of guns on some fighters in the 1950s

Both would work for the bays in question.
 

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sferrin

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Thanks everybody, wonderful images. I think that all but confirms two 14ft weapons bays which would in turn make them viable for SRAM as built (which would have an impressive range from 70,000ft).

There's a slide around here somewhere showing the range of SRAM launched from an SR-71 at speed and altitude, Something like 500 miles.
 

JFC Fuller

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NA366-600?

I just realised that the missiles in the weapons bay drawings look similar to the one in this painting, may I ask where you found it? I note also that NAA-366 was a project number for a missile.
 

TomS

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With regard to the "rocket package" bays, would they be the two doors directly behind the main undercarriage doors in this image (and circled in the attachment)? As they are directly behind the under-carriage, and given the "rocket package" label I wonder if they were for RATO packs, or alternatively for an emergency performance boost as a defensive measure?

Could it be a bay for a BDM?

I think RATO is the most likely option here. Just a gut feeling, but a BDM (Bomber Defense Missile) bay woudn't need to be that tall, given the likely proportions of the missiles.
 

JFC Fuller

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Could it be a bay for a BDM?

Definitely a candidate: "WS-132A (Air Force) Bomber defense missile for the B-70. Under development by G.E./McDonnell and Republic/Westinghouse teams when work was ordered suspended in November 1956."

Source: Missile and Space Projects Guide 1962.
 

aim9xray

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FWIW, note the 'rocket' nomenclature.

B-52G/H were later fitted with wing pylons between the inner and outer engine nacelles - for penaids (penetration aids), which were forward firing chaff rockets. The current B-52H's now use one of the pylons for Litening pod carriage. Just a stray thoughtlet.

OTOH, forward-firing rockets would need some sort of flip-out launcher. Likely, this was a "provisions & space reserved" features.
 

DermotODyna

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Where were the Pye Wacket LDM's supposed to be carried? They were 70" in diameter and 9" tall.
 

sferrin

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FWIW, note the 'rocket' nomenclature.

B-52G/H were later fitted with wing pylons between the inner and outer engine nacelles - for penaids (penetration aids), which were forward firing chaff rockets. The current B-52H's now use one of the pylons for Litening pod carriage. Just a stray thoughtlet.

OTOH, forward-firing rockets would need some sort of flip-out launcher. Likely, this was a "provisions & space reserved" features.

On that note, a poster by the name of BUFFDRVR, on F-16.net, mentioned they'd considered putting a couple AIM-120s on those pylons for self-defense at one point.
 

sferrin

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Uh huh. Pointing which direction?
Forward.

Thought it was F-16.net. Turns out that's just where a discussion came up. The actual quote was from a bit earlier. Like exactly 19 years.

"
BUFDRVR
615832

6/26/00​


Other recipients:

They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with BUFF's and
>No,today we would use Amraams! Maybe a few HARM's,too. :cool:
>Dale Brown's EB-1,EB-52 ??? You could fit a lot of stuff on a EB-52!
They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on
the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the
guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with
BUFF's and BONE's flying around an AOR with A-A missiles on them !

BUFDRVR
"Stay on the bomb run boys, I'm gonna get those bomb doors open if it harelips
everyone on Bear Creek"
 
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Johnbr

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Although often described as a single 29-foot long weapons bay, there were in reality two separate 14-foot-long bays covered by a shared set of doors. The combined bay extended from FS1356 to FS1704. Using a pair of sliding doors on a single set of tracks instead of the usual outward-opening snap-action doors solved the problem of opening the weapons bay doors at very high speeds. The length of the track permitted only one door to be opened at a time. Moving both doors aft opened the forward 14 feet of the bay; moving only the aft door opened the rear 14 feet of the bay; the center 1 foot was unusable since the doors never cleared the area. This also meant that weapons longer than about 13 feet could not be carried by the B-70. In the closed position, the leading edge of the forward door was held tight against the step fairing of the fuselage by two interconnected hooks that engaged the fuselage structure. The aft door was locked to the forward door in a similar manner. It should be noted that the weapons bay doors on A/V-1 and A/V-2 were not powered and could not be opened in flight. The forward weapons bay contained the flight test instrumentation package while the aft weapons bay contained the air inlet control system equipment. A/V-3 would have had powered doors, as well as suspension and release equipment in the rear portion of the weapons bay for a single type of weapon for demonstration purposes.1

The weapons bay was sized to house a variety of bombs, including thermonuclear devices up to 10,000 pounds each, 20,000-pound conventional bombs, various smaller conventional bombs, chemical and biologial weapons, or up to two new air-to-ground missiles. The missiles were to have a range of 300 to 700 nautical miles and an accuracy of less than a mile; conceptually these missiles were much like the later AGM-69A SRAM. Other missiles (probably Douglas GAM-87 Skybolts) were to be carried on external hard points under the wings, along with additional fuel in external drop tanks.

b-70 no-3.png
 

TomS

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Uh huh. Pointing which direction?
Forward.

Thought it was F-16.net. Turns out that's just where a discussion came up. The actual quote was from a bit earlier. Like exactly 19 years.

"
BUFDRVR


Other recipients:

They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with BUFF's and
>No,today we would use Amraams! Maybe a few HARM's,too. :cool:
>Dale Brown's EB-1,EB-52 ??? You could fit a lot of stuff on a EB-52!
They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on
the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the
guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with
BUFF's and BONE's flying around an AOR with A-A missiles on them !

BUFDRVR
"Stay on the bomb run boys, I'm gonna get those bomb doors open if it harelips
everyone on Bear Creek"

Wow, there's a blast from the past (USENET)! And I remember BUFDRVR. He certainly seemed a credible source at the time.
 

sferrin

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Uh huh. Pointing which direction?
Forward.

Thought it was F-16.net. Turns out that's just where a discussion came up. The actual quote was from a bit earlier. Like exactly 19 years.

"
BUFDRVR


Other recipients:

They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with BUFF's and
>No,today we would use Amraams! Maybe a few HARM's,too. :cool:
>Dale Brown's EB-1,EB-52 ??? You could fit a lot of stuff on a EB-52!
They've actually fit checked and flight checked both AIM-120's and AGM-88's on
the B-52 ACMI hardpoints. I'll take the HARM's, leave the A-A to stuff to the
guys that are professionals in that realm. I'd be scared out of my mind with
BUFF's and BONE's flying around an AOR with A-A missiles on them !

BUFDRVR
"Stay on the bomb run boys, I'm gonna get those bomb doors open if it harelips
everyone on Bear Creek"

Wow, there's a blast from the past (USENET)! And I remember BUFDRVR. He certainly seemed a credible source at the time.


Yep. I always looked forward to his posts. Searching through those old threads sure brought back memories. Wonder where some of them are these days.
 

hesham

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From Ailes 19/11/1962.
 

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Grey Havoc

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Interestingly, at one stage it was proposed to fit the B-70 (and incidentally the B-52 fleet) with the Navy's Temco ASM-N-8 Corvus ARM.

In Vought Aeronautics report AER-E1R-TIA-2 26OCT61
It discusses a Target Identification and Acquisition (TIA) subsystem for the B-70.


The system "is basically a passive Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) device having
inherent capabilities for rapid display of information on multiple types and patterns
of communication and radar emitters."


Towards the end of the report is shows a CORVUS Azimuth display, CORVUS RF/PRF-
Tuning panel, and an CORVUS armament panel. In the notes it states that a B-52
installation could have an additional CORVUS Armament panel.


bill
 

blackkite

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Archibald

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B-70 orbital bombers... in your faces, Dynasoar and Saenger !! :p

Stupendous artwork, really. Would make a jaw-dropping wallpaper.

Incidentally, it is a shame they could never get a flypast and photo of the XB-70 number 1 (number 2 life was waaaaay too short alas) with a couple of YF-12 as "escorts".
Or even better: add one SR-71, one A-12, and a M-21 with a drone on its back.
That would have been completely awesome. :cool::cool::cool:
I suppose that, after the June 8, 1966 disaster, nobody wanted to take any risk... plus the M-21 / drone also got his own disaster soon thereafter...
 

hesham

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From the book; North American XB-70A Valkyrie (Warbird Tech 34),

what was this contest,and do we have a drawings to the tenders ?.
 

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TsrJoe

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Are there any drawings showing the AV.3 overall configuration, i understand the canard foreplanes were to be of a different angle to the first two airframes ? was AV.3 intended to have the dihedral wing or flat ? (i am also unsure what wing was intended as 'production' form as i understand the third airframe was to represent ?)

cheers, Joe
 

BillRo

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Not quite B-70 exactly, but the people responsible for the stainless honeycomb sandwich were involved in a company called Stressskin in Orange County, CA (A Division of Tool Research) after North American went away. I was between jobs (747 - F-5E) in 1970 and went to work there designing the thrust reverser clam shells for the Concorde, the responsibility of SNECMA, the French engine company. We designed them in inches and then converted all the dimensions to metric. There is an interesting article in AWST April 13 1970 about this project.
 

BillRo

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I don't think this drawing has been uploaded to this thread before. It was done by North American in '65 so it should be accurate. It is too big for my scanner so I have done it in pieces with reference marks so that someone smarter than me can assemble it perhaps??
 

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flateric

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Found also at Ron Downey's blog - seems it was scanned in one piece along other with NAR scale plans
 

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Archibald

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I really, really love the allure of the XB-70 seen from the front - as in the second picture. It looks like a spaceship and not at all 60 years old in design...
 

Justo Miranda

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By 1964 the Soviets already possessed small nuclear warheads capable of extending the kill ratio of the SA-2 to 19,680 ft and the ceiling to 80,000 ft.

The Valkyrie program suffered numerous delays due to inexperience with the new heat-resistant materials, as well as political and budgetary reasons. When the prototype XB-70 AV-1 was flown on September 21, 1964 the Soviet air defense system was already so consolidated that the WS110A specification was meaningless and the B-70 was cancelled by the Kennedy Administration.

In August 1958, the North American project office submitted the proposal Defensive Antimissile System (DAMS) using air-to-air missiles launched by the Valkyrie.

The Defense Feasibility Study was completed in March 1959 and published by the Air Proving Ground Center-Eglin AFB the same month the U-2 incident occurred.

In 1948 the first experimental AAM-A-2 air-to-air missile was launched and entered in service with the USAF in 1955 as the Hughes AIM-4 Falcon.

The original purpose of the Falcon was a Mach 3.8 self-defense weapon for the B-52 bomber and was shortly revived during the B-70 development. The rail-launched missile was not a particularly maneuverable and needed to be pointed in the right direction of the target.

Due to the B-70 speed the Falcon could just be used against any threat coming from its forward hemisphere, but the Valkyrie would have to defend itself against threats from all direction with spherical coverage.

The Falcon was a cylindrical rocket with four delta wings. Would it have been thrown sideways from a B-70 flying to Mach 3 it would have been destroyed by the crosswind shock waves.

North American proposed the Weapons System WS-740A, a wingless lenticular-form rocket with omnidirectional launch capabilities, capable of engaging incoming missiles at relative speeds of Mach 10 and being able to survive and maneuver at 250g accelerations.

The project was awarded to the Convair Division of General Dynamics Corporation, under the codename Pye Wacket, in June 1959.
 

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