Marcel Besson Aircraft List


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May 26, 2006
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Mr. Marcel Besson was born in 1889,he was a French designer and after made his first aircraft in 1911,he created
many aircraft,then turned to marine airplanes,he joined Levy in 1915,and after WWI he formed his one company,
which called Société de construction aéronautiques et Navales Marcel Besson,and I made some speculations about
his list,but all aircraft and Projects are right;

A.1 was a canard monoplane of 1911,powered by one 50 hp Clement-Bayard engine
Biplane was a biplane of 1911 as called "Besson and Pajo",powered by one 40 hp Labor engine
A.1/F was an amphibian version of canard monoplane,fitted with three floats and etractable u/c,March 1912
A.1/F.II was a similar canard monoplane appeared as a floatplane, with 2 all-steel floats mounted so they splayed
outwards as seen from the front, with a small float under the nose,December 1912
Flying Boat/1913 was a flying boat Project of 1913,with folding wings
Triplane 1913 was a triplane flying boat Project of 1913
H-1 was a two-bay triplane flying boat of 1914,intended for training,and powered by one 95 hp pusher engine
H-2 was a single-bay triplane flying boat of 1915,powered by one 150 hp Renault pusher engine

With Levy ;

LB.1 Alerte (MB-1) ? was a triplane coastal patrol flying boat of 1916,powered by one 200 hp Renault 12Fe Pusher engine
LB.2 (MB-2) ? was a three-seat triplane coastal patrol flying boat of 1917,powered by one 450 hp Renualt engine
LB.3 (MB-3) ? was a two-seat triplane coastal patrol flying boat of 1917,powered by one 500 hp Bugatti engine,never completed
LB.4 (MB-4) ? was a two-seat triplane coastal patrol flying boat of 1918,powered by one 300 hp Hispano-Suiza engine,never completed
LB.5 (MB-5) ? was a single seat fighter triplane Project of 1918,powered by one 300 Hispano-Suiza engine
LB.6 (MB-6) ? was a four-seat "High Seas" patrol triplane flying boat of 1918/19,powered by three 350 hp Lorraine engines

After establishing his firm ;

1919/I (MB-7) ? was a twin engined recce triplane flying boat of 1919,powered by two 450 hp Renault 12 Ja engines
1919/II (MB-8) ? was a two-seat trainer triplane flying boat,powered by one 60 hp Rhone 9Z engine
H-3 was a touring triplane flying boat of 1920,powered by 130 hp Cleget-Bin engine
H-4 (MB-9) ? was a two-seat trainer triplane flying boat of 1920,powered by one 130 hp Clerget engine
HB-5 or MB-10 was an open-sea bombing/recce quadruplane flying boat Project of 1919/20,powered by four 260 hp Salmson 9Z engines
H-5 or MB-11 was a five-seat transport quadruplane flying boat of 1922,was developed from HB-5,powered by four 400 hp
Lorraine engines
MB-12 was a modified version of H-3,but with an enlarged central wing in 1922
H-6 (MB-14) ? was a single seat postal triplane flying boat of 1921,powered by one 130 Clerget 9B engine
A.2 (MB-15) ? was a single seat high-wing monoplane Project of 1921,maybe a light aircraft
MB-16 ------?
MB-17 ------?
MB-18 ------?
MB-19 ------?
MB-20 ------?
MB-21 was a single-seat high-wing marine fighter Project of 1922/23,powered by one engine
MB-22 ------?
MB-23 ------?
MB-24 was a two-seat mid-wing recce seaplane Project of 1924,powered by one 400 hp Lorraine 12 Db engine
MB-25 ------?
MB-26 HB.2 was a two-seat seaplane recce sesquiplane of 1924/25,powered by one 400 hp Lorraine 12 Db engine
MB-26 C.2 was a two-seat fighter seaplane version of 1925/26,powered by one 400 hp Lorraine 12 Db engine
MB-27 was a triplane long distance transport flying boat of 1925,powered by one 400 hp Lorraine engine
MB-28 ------?
MB-29 (not aircraft) but a powered boat
MB-30 was a four-seat torpedo and recce bomber seaplane flying boat of 1928,powered by two engines
MB-31 ------?
MB-32 ------?
MB-33 ------?
MB-34 ------?
MB-35 was a low-wing two-seat spotter/recce floatplane of 1926/27,powered by one 120 hp Salmson 9Ae engine
MB-36 was a parasol-wing commercial transport monoplane of 1926/27,powered by three 450 hp Gnome-
Rhone 9Ad engines
MB-37 ------?
MB-38 ------?
MB-39 ------?
MB-40 ------?
MB-410 was a two-seat low-wing spotter/recce bomber floatplane of 1930,powered by one 175 hp Salmson 9Nd
MB-411 was a developed version of MB.410
MB-42 was a seaplane or flying boat Project of 1932

After it was taken over by ANF-Mureaux in 1928,the series was
go on by indicator to it as Model;

Model-42 was the same as MB-42
Model-43 ------?
Model-44 ------?
Model-45 ------?
Model-46 ------?
Model-47 ------?
Model-48 ------?
Model-49 ? maybe it was a design by André Brunet,a small airplane
Project,with retractable landing gear,and powered two Salmson engines,
estimated speed was more than 400 km/h,appeared in 1935 under ANF-Mureaux designation
Model-50 was a two-seat attack seaplane Project,with two floats,
pulled by two 450 hp Salmson 12 Var engines,appeared in September 1936,also under ANF-Mureaux designation
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May 26, 2006
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I add my speculations about his designation system (MB-?),and here is some sources.

Any additions or corrections are welcome


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May 26, 2006
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From Onera Archive,

I add MB-42 to the list.


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May 26, 2006
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From TU magazine,

I add the Besson designations from 42 to 50,after ANF-Mureaux
purchased it in 1928.


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ACCESS: Top Secret
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Jul 25, 2007
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Great stuff hesham! I'm guessing that this ANF 50 would have been developed to the same Hydravion triplace de surveillance côtière specification as the Sud-Est S.E.400?

A minor point ...

H.3 : Powered by a 130 hp Clerget 9B rotary. "Cleget-Bin" (sic, Clerget-Blin) is just a short-form of the manufacturer's name - Société Clerget-Blin et Cie.

And a few issues with the MB.35 to MB.411 series with a little more info ...

MB.35 : First flew in 1926. Powered by an uncowled Salmson 9Ac (not 9Ae)

MB.410: First flew in 1932 (not 1930). Not a "recce bomber" - no armament at all, AFAIK. BTW, the MB.410-01 was actually a modification of the second prototype MB.35. Change to single main pontoon (with outrigger stabilizer floats) a cowled engine, and a refined fuselage.

MB.411: As you say, a developed version of MB.410. Some differences in construction but mainly in having more power from its 175 hp Salmson 9Nd radial. Mainly the MB.411 was a productionized variant built by ANF-Les Mureaux.

All three designs were developed specifically for operations from the submarine Surcouf with its onboard cylindrical hangar. Only the MB.411s were ever operationally from the Surcouf. serving with the Aéronavale's Escadrille HS7.

MB.35 – 1926 2-seat observation/spotter floatplane, x 2
- MB.35: Foldable for stowage on submarine Surcouf
- MB.35: 1 x 120 hp Salmson 9Ac 9-cyl radial, span 9.85 m*
- MB.35: Open-cockpits, low-winged monoplane, twin floats
-- * Improbably, some sources, claim a span of only 7.00 m
- MB.35-01: Crashed (w/ fatal results) while on service trials
- MB.35-02: Conv. into single-float MB.41/MB.410 prototype
-- MB.35: aka MB.35 Passe Partout ('Pass Key')

MB.410 - 1932 2-seat observation/spotter floatplane, x 1
- MB.410 : Single-float refinement of MB.35-02 airframe
- MB.410 : 1 x 130 hp Salmson 9Nc radial, span 12.00 m
- MB.410-01: 1st flew (or was ordered?)* 24 Aug 1932
-- * Depending upon source
-- Lost on acceptance trials at Saint-Raphaël in 1933.

MB.411 - 1935 1/2-seat observation/spotter floatplane, x 2
- MB.411 : Prod'n vers. of the MB.410 by ANF-Les Mureaux
- MB.411 : 1 x 175 hp Salmson 9Nd radial, span 12.00 m
- MB.411-01: 1st flew June 1935, accept. trials Aug 1935
- MB.411-01: 1936 rebuilt as 2-seater by ANF-Les Mureaux
- MB.411-01: Evacuated with Surcouf, 18 June 1940
- MB.411-01: Damaged in storage by air raid on Plymouth*
-- * Luftwaffe raid 21 April 1941, prev. in RAF colours
- MB.411-02: Requested June 1936, ordered on 10 Feb 1937
- MB.411-02: June 1940, remained in France, no details[/I]

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