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Various Russian Prototypes and Projects During & Pre-WW1

hesham

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Nice find dear Iron,

specially Povalishin and Zelinskiy,thank you for share us.
 

Iron Felix

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Suggestion of worker Stepan Markelovich Ivanov, 16 Marth 1917:
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Ivanov projected his apparatus in 1911.
"Apparatus as a mnogodyuznaya model", "dyuza" (Rus. "дюза") - old Russian term for rocket nozzle, "mnogodyuznaya" = "multi-nozzle". "Advantages of my apparatus - flight speed... ...colossal payload". Idea - destroy of enemy army, plants, etc. "Enough of such apparatuses to destroy the plants of the enemy". First Russian jet bomber? (but, after Teleshev 1867 jet project... Why not?) Multi-nozzle... Like a NAA XB-70? Or not? :D
And, other project of Ivanov in this document - triple-barrel AA small-caliber gun.
 

Iron Felix

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I heard about of this idea in WW1 period, but, I can't found data.
IMG_20200412_121749.jpg
Author - Aram Ter-Grigoryevich Dadian, 16 September 1916. "New type of monoplane with double wings" (№2 - moving wings, that can fold into a №1 wings), with new propeller, for speed, "I think", to 500 versta per hour (533.4 kmph).
...
About apparatuses of Dmovskiy:
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1. "The anti-aircraft machine is based on a principle contrary to the law of conservation of energy, and therefore doesn't deserve attention"
2. "The triple-deck transport based on AA machine..."
3. "Silent dirigible heavier than air - very strange and incomprehensible invention... ...keep it in the air due to centrifugal force of special kettlebells. These kettlebells driven by motors, because of this, the dirigible willn't be silent..."
 

Iron Felix

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About weird Dubenskiy "air torpedo"
I found documents:
IMG_20200412_125613.jpg
Variants of type of "torpedo" - glider, or, plane with engine
Variants of control - by wires, by radio, or self-targeting.
Variants of start - from ship, or from airplane
Control system:
IMG_20200412_125631.jpg
Mechanical "ear" for self-targeting:
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1. Membrane
2. Body
3. Manometric tube
4. Adjustment srew
5. Oil (under pressure)
Standart load - 10-15 kg, range with 10 kg of wires - 1000 m.
 

Iron Felix

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About Guminskiy "Kampo" airplane, 21 Jule 1917:
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Briefly - "the author understands absolutely nothing". I would have skipped this project if not for points 2 and 3.
2. "...Increase in the number of revolutions of the main wheel of the engine by 32,400 times...", "...speed on land 17 597 kmph on wheels..."
3. "...unnecessary parts of the apparatus and motor are piled up in huge numbers, randomly...", "...gears, chains, extra shafts, which represent a lot of weight, dominate..."
This is similar to the description of the SCP object. And, it's after a project of "Immeasurable flying machine"... By the way, I found a review about the project of another freak. "New means of fighting the enemy" are not even described, but it is said that "these are projects of a completely abnormal person"...
 

Iron Felix

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Also, information about other projects:
- About Kotov "samolet's" - suggestion of use of this schemes to create a glider-bombs or airplane-bombs
- About Dubenskiy "torpedo" - also, one of variants of start - from mortar (?)
...
Also, I found project of ring turbine, for air injection. Payload of engine with 1400 HP ICE engines for work of turbine - 10 tons. Reaction of engineers - "Actually, need a 4200 HP for this turbine".
...
Nezhdanovskiy, later 1890th - early 1900th, project of airplane, like a Voisin 1908.
 

Iron Felix

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List of inventions of Efim Evgrafovich Gorin, 1921 (many inventions - from pre-WW1 period):
Gorin projects (1921).jpg
№40 - "Flying apparatus with centrifugal-rotating plans" ("plan" = wings?), by other documents - like a helicopter, 1915.
№41 - "Postal-passenger aeroship", with VTOL.
Gorin was a very interesting man... №22 - Electric cane "Dont-touch-me", №27 - Method of manufacturing talking objects, №30 - Mechanical watchman protecting valuable items from thieves, №42 - Project of electric steel man-automat, №44 - Rings of Saturn around the Earth's equator... And, early Scype, fax machine, live television, color electrographic camera, mental phone...
About Gorin:
...
N. N. Benardos, flying machine, 1890th:
IMG_20200511_022018.jpg
 
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