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Various Bell tilt-rotor projects

hesham

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Hi,


here is the Bell D-302 report,from NASA.


http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19730013199_1973013199.pdf
 

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hesham

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Also Model-300;


http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19730013200_1973013200.pdf
 

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hesham

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Hi,


here is the Bell D-82B,a tilt-rotor transport aircraft,it has an interchangeable
cargo pods,also the Model of D-266.


Source, Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey,by Bill Norton
 

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RAP

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An armed version of the XV-15 propsed before the LHX program (I think).
 

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RAP

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Proposed assault tiltrotor from a brouchure for the XV-15.
 

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Stargazer2006

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RAP said:
An armed version of the XV-15 propsed before the LHX program (I think).

It's the D-314. We already have a topic on this and the other military applications of the XV-15 somewhere.
 

overscan (PaulMM)

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Thanks!. Edited for clarity and attached:
 

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overscan (PaulMM)

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Edited for clarity... mast-mounted sight is noteworthy.
 

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F-14D

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PaulMM (Overscan) said:
Edited for clarity... mast-mounted sight is noteworthy.

If I remember correctly, the mast mounted sight telescoped and was flush with the fuselage in forward flight. In those days it was thought that there would be such a severe anti-air threat that rotorcraft in the hover would have to hide behind cover and just have sensors peek over.
 

robunos

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Take a look at the 'armed XV-15 scout' - It appears to consist of the complete forward fuselage of the YAH-63 grafted onto the XV-15 airframe.
@RAP - how about sharing the whole brochure here, please...? :D

cheers,
Robin.
 

jsport

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Thank you Hesham.

A tiltrotor escort for V-22 is still needed and a tiltrotor w/ MMS would have been a Battlefield Area Interdiction (BAI) "Game :) Changer"... pilot would just have to be conscious of the downwash issue.
 

yasotay

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jsport said:
Thank you Hesham.

...pilot would just have to be conscious of the downwash issue.
::)
Had opportunity to go to the Bell plant on several occassions as a young lieutenant and talk with the engineers about these concepts. They were very wary of the mast mounted site being up at all during the higher speed flights, but I remember one of the senior warrant officers expousing the need to be able to fight all the Hinds, Havocs and Hokums that would be blackening the skys of (then) West Germany. Spent a lot of time doing the "sneak and peek" 3750 meter engagement practice as a young aviator. Thought we were the bomb until the air defenders told us that the doppler signature of the air being sucked down through our rotors was a dead give away even when we were hiding behind hills. Good news was that we were soon to get the Apache with a much longer ranged missile.
I do agree with jsport that the introduction of an aircraft like this in the 90's would have led to a lot of nervousness on the USAF Inc. part.
 

jsport

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F-14D said:
PaulMM (Overscan) said:
Edited for clarity... mast-mounted sight is noteworthy.

If I remember correctly, the mast mounted sight telescoped and was flush with the fuselage in forward flight. In those days it was thought that there would be such a severe anti-air threat that rotorcraft in the hover would have to hide behind cover and just have sensors peek over.

would agree w/ the above that the MMS would need to be flush in forward flight. A Joint Common Missile, especially if it could be dual use against aircraft (beleive that is not currently envisioned) then those deep and dispersed would present an adversary quite a funk. Given air superiority, of course.
Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW) is not necessarily a panacea..
 

F-14D

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jsport said:
Thank you Hesham.

A tiltrotor escort for V-22 is still needed and a tiltrotor w/ MMS would have been a Battlefield Area Interdiction (BAI) "Game :) Changer"... pilot would just have to be conscious of the downwash issue.

Downwash is a function of the wieght of the a/c and the size of the proprotors. V-22, for example, has proprotors that are smaller than optimum for its size (this was for shipboard opreations abeam the isalnd), with a consequent increase in downwash. V-280 is said to have more downwwash than the XV-15, but substantially less than the V-22.
 

F-14D

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jsport said:
F-14D said:
PaulMM (Overscan) said:
Edited for clarity... mast-mounted sight is noteworthy.

If I remember correctly, the mast mounted sight telescoped and was flush with the fuselage in forward flight. In those days it was thought that there would be such a severe anti-air threat that rotorcraft in the hover would have to hide behind cover and just have sensors peek over.



would agree w/ the above that the MMS would need to be flush in forward flight. A Joint Common Missile, especially if it could be dual use against aircraft (beleive that is not currently envisioned) then those deep and dispersed would present an adversary quite a funk. Given air superiority, of course.
Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW) is not necessarily a panacea..

Well, the Marines just use AIM-9 for A2A, and would probably do so on a Tilt-Rotor gunship. An interesitng concept had theS-67 gone into service was to mount 10-12 AIM-9s. It would function as a difficult-to-detect very mobile SAM site.
 

jsport

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F-14D said:
jsport said:
Thank you Hesham.

A tiltrotor escort for V-22 is still needed and a tiltrotor w/ MMS would have been a Battlefield Area Interdiction (BAI) "Game :) Changer"... pilot would just have to be conscious of the downwash issue.

Downwash is a function of the wieght of the a/c and the size of the proprotors. V-22, for example, has proprotors that are smaller than optimum for its size (this was for shipboard opreations abeam the isalnd), with a consequent increase in downwash. V-280 is said to have more downwwash than the XV-15, but substantially less than the V-22.

If the V-280 has no issues w/ 10k lb lift and still has less downwash then 'allgood'. Maybe 10k is not enough for JMR. Having to depend on 47s to lift equipped JTLVs (weight appears not to be close to necessary objective on current JTLV contenders) would render an Air Assault Div to more like a reinforced BN/Company. Tiltrotor ranges can not be realised w/ drag of underslung JTLV but idea craft needs to perform both missions.
 

yasotay

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jsport said:
F-14D said:
jsport said:
Thank you Hesham.

A tiltrotor escort for V-22 is still needed and a tiltrotor w/ MMS would have been a Battlefield Area Interdiction (BAI) "Game :) Changer"... pilot would just have to be conscious of the downwash issue.

Downwash is a function of the wieght of the a/c and the size of the proprotors. V-22, for example, has proprotors that are smaller than optimum for its size (this was for shipboard opreations abeam the isalnd), with a consequent increase in downwash. V-280 is said to have more downwwash than the XV-15, but substantially less than the V-22.

If the V-280 has no issues w/ 10k lb lift and still has less downwash then 'allgood'. Maybe 10k is not enough for JMR. Having to depend on 47s to lift equipped JTLVs (weight appears not to be close to necessary objective on current JTLV contenders) would render an Air Assault Div to more like a reinforced BN/Company. Tiltrotor ranges can not be realised w/ drag of underslung JTLV but idea craft needs to perform both missions.
Indeed the weight of the new Army tactical vehicles is a significant factor that would significantly impact the size of any new rotorcraft. Even the CH-47F will have sub-optimal capability with JTLV. I note that the USMC and SOF have specified new vehicles that must fit inside of CV-22 and MH-47. Having done sling load ops with bad guys around, I can tell you catagorically that one of the aircrew always has a hand close to the release at the first sign of trouble. Tactical evasion maneuvers with an external load are not possible. Interestingly like the SOF community the German Bundeswehr has had a number of internal capable combat vehicles for a number of years. If the current plan for the future rotorcraft remains nothing more than a one for one (never going to happen, never has) trade for UH-60 I doubt it will survive contact.
An S-67 with ten sidewinders! That would have been a sight to see. I seriously doubt the USAF Inc., would have let that stand had that come to fruition.
 

jsport

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Absolutely for internal vehicles and there carriers both of which happen to be survivable ....think we're still waitin for those proposals.. mentioned earlier in the JMR thread this is not easy and requires better requirements, detailed oversight and much more gov assumed risk... ie $$$
maybe even a combination of tiltrotor and compound buys...again more $$...
the low $ alternative.. less than second rate by 2030.
 

RAP

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More drawings from a 1980 Bell document for tiltrotor VTOL designs.
 

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hesham

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Great articles RAP,


thank you for sharing.
 

Stargazer2006

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Great stuff. It really frustrates me to no end to see the amount of research, designing and testing that Bell put into tiltrotor since the early 1950 and how they completely gave up on all civilian projects by selling that to Agusta. If their Valor fails to win the current competition it's in, Bell's tiltrotor activity will become history instead of making history.
 

Triton

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deeptowild.blogspot.com
Civil Tiltrotor Missions and Applications: A Research Study

Abstract:

In 1983, an FAA-sponsored National Rotorcraft Program sought to identify improvements to the national interurban transportation networks and determined that conventional helicopters did not have the potential to satisfy requirements because of a lack of capacity, high operational costs, and high noise levels. Tiltrotors, it was felt offered a better potential to improve interurban air transport service. In 1985, the FAA proposed a joint civil tiltrotor study with NASA and DOD that would capitalize on development of the military V-22 tiltrotor and document the potential of the commercial tiltrotor transport market. The results of a study on the mission and application of a civil tiltrotor is presented. This study addresses national issues and includes a market summary. A technical summary provides information on six design configurations and potential risk areas are identified. The development of a National Plan for a tiltrotor transportation system is recommended including civil tiltrotor technology development, infrastructure planning and development, a flight technology demonstration plan, and near term actions.

URL:
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19910004111_1991004111.pdf
 

hesham

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Great find Grey,


and here is some drawings from your source.
 

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hesham

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From 17-18/1980 file,


what was this Bell Project ?.
 

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pedrospe

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This is probably an ASW warfare aircraft,like the S-3,but with the abilitie to land and take off vertically,i wonder why they needed 2 sets of engines...


best regards


Pedro
 

hesham

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Maybe that's right Pedro,


but it looks like D-323.
 

Jemiba

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pedrospe said:
...,i wonder why they needed 2 sets of engines...

Don't think, that there are actually two different engines, but the trail rotor (as shown here
http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,7449.msg113429.html#msg113429 )
probably would have been driven by the same engines, as used for cruising flight, maybe via
bleed air or via shaft, I don't know.
A similar concept we have here, too : http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,7449.msg101290.html#msg101290
 

hesham

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From Russian file 23-24/1981,


here is some Bell VTOL and Tilt-Rotor aircraft.
 

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hesham

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Yes my dear Jemiba,


but I am carious with folding shape.
 

Jemiba

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Probably a good decision, I think.
And I would appreciate, if maybe members would post information from those
reports, who good give at least a short survey of the descriptions. Otherwise
we have lots of posts, which can be fully acknowledged only by a small percentage
of us here, not to speak of the inherent danger of misunderstandings.
 

hesham

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Hi,


here is the Bell RVT (Rotor VTOL Transport) and JVT (Folding propeller Jet VTOL)
concepts.


http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/3.59072?journalCode=ja
 

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hesham

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Hi,


here is a Bell VTOL 60-passenger commercial transport aircraft project,with four T64
engines powered two four-balded counterrotating proprotors with a diameter of 46 ft.


http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/3.43963?journalCode=ja
 

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Stargazer2006

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Nice design, but the drawing shows a serious problem with perspective... The wings seem to be leaning to the starboard side!
 

The Artist

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I think a forward sweep to the wings may be creating that illusion.
 

Stargazer2006

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The Artist said:
I think a forward sweep to the wings may be creating that illusion.

That could be true for the starboard wing, but not the port one. If you study the perspective of this image closely, you'll find that the two wings either lean to the starboard side, or move obliquely with the starboard side going forward. Of course both interepretations are incorrect, and I'm pretty sure this is supposed to depict a tilt-rotor design with perfectly straight wings. The tail looks weird too. But even if you were right and this was meant to depict a forward-swept wing project, I think it still looks awkward.
 

hesham

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My dear Sktblazer,


here is its page to can judge.
 

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The Artist

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Skyblazer said:
The Artist said:
I think a forward sweep to the wings may be creating that illusion.

That could be true for the starboard wing, but not the port one. If you study the perspective of this image closely, you'll find that the two wings either lean to the starboard side, or move obliquely with the starboard side going forward. Of course both interepretations are incorrect, and I'm pretty sure this is supposed to depict a tilt-rotor design with perfectly straight wings. The tail looks weird too. But even if you were right and this was meant to depict a forward-swept wing project, I think it still looks awkward.

Dihedral may also be playing a part in the illusion. While searching for viewing angles for aircraft art, I've spent a fair amount of time looking at models of military and airliner aircraft from many different angels. I have found that if I photograph the model (with a flat lens) then do a line drawing tracing, the resulting drawing of certain viewing angles can look distorted unless the drawing is looked at from the view-point which is a distance in the correct scale to the distance between the model and camera when the picture was taken. That may be why I'm not reading the same problems you are noting in this drawing.
 
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