Soviet COIN and light Shturmovik Projects

overscan (PaulMM)

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27 December 2005
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From about 1995/6, Aeroprogress showed a number of light Shturmovik style projects at airshows.

It has been suggested that the T-730 design is based on a project (S-47?) that Sukhoi worked on for a light observation aircraft; Aeroprogress included a number of ex Sukhoi employees.

  • Piotr Butowski, Lotnictwo Wojskowe Rosji Vol 3 Lampart 1997
  • Piotr Butowski, Lotnictwo Wojskowe Rosji Vol 1 Lampart 1996


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Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory has some info on several Aeroprogress projects. Would you like me to post it? (Or are you having your own follow-on post in progress?)
I don't have that book, so if you want to post some it will save me translating from Polish ;)
Evgeniy P. Grunin originally formed Delaero to build modest general aviation types. In 1990 this was replaced by ROKS-Aero Corporation, which was a member of Business Aviation Association, other members being Moscow Aviation Production Association, Yakovlev Skorost plant, Myasishchev, and production plants at Komsomolsk, Lukhovitsy, Novosibirsk, Smolensk and Ulan-Ude. Renamed ROS-Aeroprogress Corporation in 1993.

T-501 Strizh
Crew: 2
Wingspan: 11.0 m
Length: 9.66 m
Height: 4 m
Wing Area: 16.5 m2
Wheel base: 2.88 m
Wheel track: 2.88 m
Empty Weight: 1,990 kg
Maximum TO Weight: 2,670 kg
Fuel Load: 500 kg
Maximum Speed: 570 km/h
Take-off Distance: 160 m
Landing Distance: 190 m
Climb Rate: 1,260 m/min
Ceiling: 7,000 m
Maximum Range: 1,800 km with drop tanks
Engine: One Glushenkov TVD-10B turboprop of 754 kW
Weapons Load: 500 kg
Armament: 6 x light weapons, gun pods or rockets

The T-501 was designed as a basic trainer with armament capability for a Russian Air Force requirement. The crew was seated on lightweight ejection seats. The wing had no anhedral or dihedral, and the aircraft was capable of carrying two drop tanks. To reduce costs inexpensive materials were to be used in construction. Manufacturing of the first of two prototypes and one static test airframe reportedly began in 1992 at MAPO-MiG after an USD 22 million contract was signed in April that year. Production was to be undertaken at Khrunichev. The T-501M Bumerang was a proposed modernised version.

T-504 Borets
Crew: 2
Wingspan: 12.3 m
Length: 12.6 m
Height: 4.2 m
Maximum TO Weight: 7,300 kg
Fuel Load: 1,500 kg
Maximum Speed: 550 km/h
Ceiling: 6,000 m
Maximum Range: 2,000 km
G-limits: +5/-2
Engines: Two Omsk TVD-10B turboprops of 716 kW each
Weapons Load: 2,500 kg

Twin-boom combat trainer project similar to OV-10 Bronco. Especially for pilots of strike, attack, and bomber aircraft.

  • Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97
  • Bill Gunston The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft, 1995
  • (in Russian)
  • (in Russian)


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I've always liked the Aeroprogress designs, they could be Luft'46 stuff almost as well as USSR'92 stuff. 8)

I reorganised my posts and added information on some other Aeroprogress designs. Perhaps the thread title could be changed to 'Aeroprogress Military Projects'?
T-710 Anaconda

Crew: 2
Maximum TO Weight: 7,500 kg
Fuel Load: 1,500 kg
Cruise Speed: 720 km/h
Overland Speed: 580 km/h
Landing Distance: 500 m
Ceiling: 6,000 m
Radius of Action: 450 km with 1,000 kg load
G-limits: +5/-2.5
Engines: Two Klimov TV7-117M turboprops of 1,864 kW each
Weapons Load: 2,500 kg
Armament: Fixed gun, ASMs, guided and unguided bombs and rockets

The T-710 Anaconda was projected as an all-weather STOL strike aircraft for local conflicts, peacekeeping, FAC and transport duties. The airframe was similar to the OV-10 Bronco with tandem crew seating and twin tail booms. The cockpit was armoured with titanium and composites, the fuel tanks filled with polyurethane foam, and engine exhaust pipe nozzles mounted overwing to reduce IR signature. Triple redundant flight control system. Nine airborne troops could be accommodated in a cabin behind the cockpit, and freight could be carried on a ventral lifting platform.


Crew: 2
Normal TO Weight: 4,500 kg
Maximum Speed: 750 km/h
Maximum Range: 1,400 km
Engine: One RKBM TVD-1500 turboprop of 970 kW
Armament: Under fuselage gun pod, 8 x underwing pylons

The T-720 was projected as a lightweight combat aircraft with a six-blade pusher propeller.
(This is the 'Aeroprogress Shturmovik' in overscan's post above.)


Crew: 2
Normal TO Weight: 1,200 kg
Maximum Speed: 520 km/h
Maximum Range: 1,000 km
Engine: One Soyuz TVD-450 turboprop of 336 kW

The T-730 was projected as a very light attack aircraft and trainer. Side-by-side seating, stealth-like blended fuselage with chines, swept-forward wings, active canards, slab tailplane and twin fins. Six-blade pusher propeller.

T-752 Shtyk

Crew: 2
Maximum TO Weight: 7,300 kg
Fuel Load: 1,500 kg
Maximum Speed: 740 km/h
Minimum Speed: 70 km/h
Landing Distance: 200 m
Ceiling: 6,000 m
Radius of Action: 400 km with 1,000 kg load
G-limits: +6/-3.5
Engines: Two Klimov TV7-117M2 turboprops of 1,864 kW each
Weapons Load: 2,000 kg
Armament: 12 x AAMs and ASMs, guided and unguided bombs and rockets

The T-752 was projected as an all-weather WIG strike aircraft for use in local conflicts and anti-helicopter/light aircraft missions. The tandem wing and V-tail configuration was to provide a high CG and minimum induced drag. Deflecting the high-lift devices during all flight regimes enabled effective balancing without rudders. The cockpit was armoured with titanium and composites, the fuel tanks filled with polyurethane foam, and engine exhaust pipe nozzles mounted overwing to reduce IR signature. Triple redundant flight control system. Five airborne troops or two litters with an attendant could be carried in a cargo compartment aft of the cockpit. Weapon aiming sensors mounted in the nosecone and on sidebody fairings.

  • Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97
T-274 Titan

Crew: 2
Wingspan: 31.89 m
Length: 28.07 m
Height: 8.65 m
Wing Area: 98.62 m2
Wheel base: 8.12 m
Wheel track: 4.15 m
Maximum TO Weight: 36,000 kg
Maximum Speed: 630 km/h
Cruise Speed: 600 km/h
Take-off Distance: 750 m
Landing Distance: 1150 m
Maximum Range: 6,600 km
Range with Full Payload: 900 km
Engines: Four Klimov TV7-117S turboprops of 1,864 kW each
Payload: 13,000 kg

The T-274 was a projected STOL military and civil airlifter. The pressurized cabin was 10.5 m long, 2.15 m wide, and 2.2 m high and there was an under-tail cargo ramp/door. High-wing configuration with winglets, and variable incidence T-tail. Hydraulic flight controls, hot air de-icing, APU, and modern avionics including a navigation and/or weather radar. The undercarriage had twin nosewheels and tandem twin mainwheels. The aircraft was to be manufactured at Omsk in co-operation with Khrunichev, with first flight originally planned for 1996.

T-2000 Barracuda

Crew: 2
Maximum TO Weight: 15,000 kg
Maximum Speed: 500 km/h
Operating Altitude: 4,000 m in non-WIG flight
Range: 4,500 km in WIG mode; 2,700 km in aircraft mode
Loiter Duration: 24 hours in WIG mode; 10 hours in aircraft mode
Engines: Two turboprops of 1,380 kW each
Payload: 4,000 kg

Development of the T-2000 amphibious WIG off-shore patrol vehicle began in August 1994. The T-2000 was also suited to rescue and passenger transport duties, and was capable of carrying 60 passengers in the former and 40 passengers in the latter role. The aircraft could operate on kerosene, gasoline, diesel, gas or conventional aviation fuels. It could take off from, and land to, unprepared ground, water (up to wave height 3 or 4), snow, or ice using its integral floats, wheels, or skis. The main wings mounted on the rear could produce dynamic air cushion at heights down to 0.8 m together with the float-mounted stub wings. Typical WIG mode flying height was 1.5 meters. The T-2000 featured twin fins and high-mounted tailplane, and the five-bladed pusher propellers were shrouded.


Maximum TO Weight: 40,000 kg
Engines: Two propfans
The T-2010 was projected as a WIG cargo and troop transport.

  • Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97
  • Bill Gunston The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft, 1995

Brassey's has small pics of the T-710, T-2000 and T-2010, but unfortunately I don't have a scanner. I wonder if anyone else could post pics of them, as they look really cool IMHO :) .
Thanks a lot for this gallery... ;D
I just would say these planes are not genuine "twin-boomers" according to me but triplex-boomers, due to the central pod holding also stabilizers.
Piotr Butowski refers briefly to the "101" in Lotnictwo Wojskowe Rosji Volume 3. According to him, as part of Afghanistan experience a need was seen for an armed spotter plane in the class of the OV-10 Bronco. Mikoyan submitted a twin turboprop (TV7-117) design called "101". It seems likely that "101" is the low cost wartime design referred to in the article mentioned in this thread: This design is related to the 101M, 101N, and finally MiG-110 light transport aircraft family.

Sukhoi had a rival project, S-46, also called T-8V, a modification of the Su-25 with two TV7-117 turboprops. Yevgeiy Grunin was chief engineer on this project, and his various Aeroprogress designs discussed above were based on work he had carried out at Sukhoi. The Aeroprogress T-730 was based on the Sukhoi S-46 project, for example.

Yakovlev's design, Yak-58, was further developed into a light utility design now in production.

You can see the observation aircraft legacy in the layout.
So- here's some illustrations.

This model was seen at SIBNIA. IF its S-46, then the two contrarotating propellers are each powered by a separate TV7-117. It is certainly based on the Su-25.


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And two more of the SIBNIA model, again from Paralay's site.


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BAe's (much smaller) SABA design studies were near contemporaries of these Soviet projects.
Mikoyan Product 101

Crew: 2
Take-off Distance: 150 m
Range: 2,700 km at 530 km/h
Range: 800 km at 670 km/h
Engines: Two Klimov TV7-117SV turboprops of 1,864 kW each
Payload: 3,600 kg

A competition for a COIN aircraft similar to the American OV-10 Bronco was initiated in 1980 to meet the demands of the war in Afghanistan. The Mikoyan proposal designated izdelye 101 won against designs from Sukhoi and Ilyushin. Interest in the COIN aircraft later faded, however, and the 101 was transformed into the 101N, 101NP, and 101N. The 101N was a 14-passenger transport powered by two TVD-1500 turboprops, the similarly powered 101NP a paramilitary version with 360 deg surveillance radar, infrared line-scanner and FLIR, and the 101M a transport for which the above data is given. In February 1992 design work began on izdelye 110 (MiG-110) on the basis of the 101 with payload increased to 5,000 kg.

The second of overscan's pictures has the same general arrangement as the 101M.
Anyone have any ideas what the Ilyushin proposal could have been?

  • Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97
  • Piotr Butowski with Jay Miller OKB MiG, Aerofax 1991
Wouldn't the Il-102, being jet-powered among other things, be in a different category compared to the other designs?
Well- yes. But it fits. Perhaps a derivative with turboprops? I just can't see Ilyushin coming up with a whole new air-to-ground design while still working on Il-102.
Here are some more from different organizations.

Flateric sent me some time ago interesting MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) FOTON photos. Does anybody have some info about them? I found, that it was publised in Mir Aviatsii vol. 1 and 2/2003.

Second is unidentified design, photographed by Jeroen Brinkman in SIBNIA in 1996. It looks like combination of Su-25 and Aeroprogress designs.


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This mixed-power variant of the light strike aircraft MAI „Foton“ could be another candidate for a ‘small agile battlefield aircraft’. The model picture was released in the Russian magazine “Mir Aviatsii” 1/2003 (pg 46).


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boxkite said:
This mixed-power variant of the light strike aircraft MAI „Foton“ could be another candidate for a ‘small agile battlefield aircraft’. The model picture was released in the Russian magazine “Mir Aviatsii” 1/2003 (pg 46).

I sure like the looks of this MAI Foton mixed-power aircraft. Are there any three-views available?

Of course, deep in the MAI archives ;D. But this time, Chuck, I cannot help. Sorry.
MAI archives = MAtej´s Internal archives ;D Now on serious note - the top view is in the same article together with original Foton 3 view and internal profile.


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If anyone has further data on the Foton (eg. payload, speed, engine specs, weight) it would be appreciated...
FOTON, also dubbed as 'Tyani-Tolkay' (Pulley-Push) and 'Triton' by OSKBES MAI team members

Engines are turboprop 1375 hp TVD-20 and the 1700 kg thrust AI-25TL turbojet. At cruise flight, turboprop was used, while AI-25TL, placed behind the pilot's cabin, was at idle thrust. At the take-off and landing, and to enter and move fast out of the attack area, both engines could be used in pair; in the case of one engine damage second served as a spare, allowing to reach safe area or home base. Another purpose of AI-25TL was supplying pressurized air for FOTON wing boundary layer hokuses-pocuses (flaps blowing), at the take-off and landing air was taken for that tricks from engine LP compressor. Also, it provided extra defense for pilot's armored capsule, a-la Su-25.

Take off mass is about 3000 kg, and that's all the numbers given in Alexey Matveev's article in Mir Aviatzii, No.1/2003.
Thank you Flateric, this, along with the scale comparison to the Il-2, is just enough information that I can try to model it in X-plane (if/when I get around to it)...
This top one reminds me of another 'Bronco' type design by another smaller bureau that lookied like a big OV-10 with a Frogfoot forward fuselage. Maybe Aero-something?

Matej said:
TinWing said:
I also have never heard of the Mikoyan "101 project?"

From Paralay web...
Yes, this is it. ISTR reading somewhere that it used the forward fuselage of the Frogfoot. The detail on the wings & tail surely look like even a model of a Bronco was used as the basis, at least IMHO! The T-720 looks like a Beech Starship or other Rutan type with a Frogfoot forward fuselage as well. Again, that's just IMHO. Thanks for the pics.

boxkite said:
Could be the Aeroprogress (aka ROKS-Aero) T-710. Picture is from JAWA 1997-1998. Description see,50.0/highlight,t-710.html (thanks to Meteorit).

A friend of mine posted this on another site and we can't figure out what it is. So does anyone here have an idea what it is?
It's the Aeroprogress T-752 Shtyk WiG strike aircraft. A project from the 90's
Thanks dude, you got any data on it? Or is it just one of those one-off designs that never made it past the toy model stage?
"never made it past the toy model stage"
Edit: TTX added:

Year 1987
Engine type RU-19-300
Engine power, hp 900
Takeoff weight, kg 2150
Maximal speed of horizontal flight, km/h 640
Minimum speed of horizontal flight, km/h 120
Maximal rate-of-climb, m/sec 23.5
Wing area, sq. m 7.32
Wing span, m 7.32
Plane length, m 8.27


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Added few extra posts to topic. Also Foton 3 view from MAI website, suitably corrected.


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Foton was one of the last Soviet experimental aircraft, not a COIN or assault aircraft!

And the main goal of it's design was to build a versatile testbed to study various methods of airflow usage in the improvement of wing's lift capabilities. So the Foton even didn't flis, but spend more hours in windtunnel, then some contemorary fighters (like MiG-29).
The even size of Foton has been chosen in accordance to windtunnel diametr.

There were some other studies in OSKBES MAI on assault aircraft, perhaps some of them were based on Foton' design experience, but not on his structure.

here is some info (on Russian) and beautiful cutawy drawing

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