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Some Russian Glider Projects & Prototypes

hesham

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hesham

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Also;


1) Antonov OKA-21
2) Antonov 1933
3) Groshev G No.2
4) Groshev G No.7
5) Antonov RF-1
6) Antonov RF-2
7) Antonov RF-3
8) Golovin
 

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redstar72

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Hi Hesham!
I think the term "projects" isn't correct in this case, because all these gliders were built. The Sheremetev Sh-5 was even built in series - and not only in the USSR (Osoaviakhim's Glider Factory, Tushino, 1935-37, about 70 built) but mass produced for many years in Turkey as the THK-9 and later as MKEK-7! It even has its page in English Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheremetev_Sh-5
See also http://www.j2mcl-planeurs.net/dbj2mcl/planeurs-machines/planeur-fiche_0int.php/?code=3141.

P.S. In Russian, the designer's surname is Шереметев, not Шереметьев. So I think that "Sheremetev" is more correct spelling than "Sheremetyev".
 

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hesham

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And;


1) Antonov M-5
2) Aviafak
3) BS-5
4) Emelyanov
5) KIM-1
6) Krymosoaviahim
7) LAK-1
8) MAK-8
 

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hesham

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Thank you my dear Red Star72;


and here is some Russian gliders,the 1933 and 1933 2 are not known.


1) Leningrad
2) M-1 Molchanov
3) MKB-4
4) SH-10
5) US-3
6) US-5
7) 1933
8) 1933 2
 

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hesham

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And the later PS-1;


http://airspot.ru/book/file/94/shushurin_atlas_konstruktsiy_planerov.pdf
 

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Stargazer2006

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hesham said:
5) Antonov PF-1
6) Antonov PF-2
7) Antonov PF-3

hesham, you made a mistake on these Antonov gliders. Their designations read RF-1, RF-2 and RF-3.
 

redstar72

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The GN-2 and GN-7 (or more correctly: G No.2 and G No.7) were designs of G.F. Groshev, not Grokhovsky. And I can add that Guriy Groshev designated his gliders in such unusual way to distinguish them better from Grokhovsky and Gribovsky designs - both used "G-XX", so Groshev chose "G No.XX".

The "Antonov 1933" was called OKA-13. As Stargazer said, the other three Antonov designs were designated RF-1, -2, -3, not "PF" - in honor of Rot Front. The US-3, US-5 and PS-1 were also Antonov designs, mass produced as training gliders in 1930s.

The glider you signed as"Golovin" is actually Sheremetev design, the Sh-5 precursor named Sh-4 Temp. Pavel Golovin wasn't a designer, he was the pilot who flew with the Sh-4 during 8th All-Union Gliding contest (October 10 to November 10, 1932) and established two flight endurance records for two-seat sailplanes with it - 10 h 56 min on October 28 and 14 h 48 min three days after. Later Golovin became famous polar pilot, he was the first one to fly over North Pole (on May 5, 1937) and therefore was awarded Hero of Soviet Union. Then he became test pilot but on April 27, 1940 he was killed in Polikarpov SPB crash.
 

redstar72

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By the way:
The MKB-2 and MKB-4 (Московское конструкторское бюро - Moscow design team) were created by Daniil Romeiko-Gurko and Dmitriy Kolesnikov, both renowned designers. In MKB-2, N. Fadeev also participated.

The Sh-10 is Sheremetev design, of course - it replaced the Sh-5 in series since 1937.

The Aviafak-1 was designed by Yeliferov, built in Kiev. The Krymosoaviakhim built in Sympheropol, Crimea was also called D-Z after its designers, A. Dabakhov and V. Zayarnyi. The Leningrad was designed by Yu. Domrachev; by the way, with its 21.8 m wingspan it was the largest single-seat sailplane of its time in the USSR. The glider represented in "1933.jpg" picture is called Oktyabryonok; in contrast, it was the smallest participant of 9th All-Union gliding contest (only 9 m wingspan, 59 kg empty weight!) and was designed by Sheremetev together with Lidya Kochetkova - one of a few female aircraft designers! The "1933 2.jpg" picture shows the Severnyi Kavkaz (The Northern Caucasus), designed by V. Heifetz and built in Krasnodar.
 

redstar72

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The tailless LAK-1 (Leningradskiy AeroKlub - Flying club of Leningrad) was designed by Igor Kostenko and Boris Rauschenbach, future rocket engineer and Academician. The MAK-8 author was Mikhail Kuzakov.
 

hesham

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Sorry my dears for Google translate,


and I will correct it.
 

hesham

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Hi,


I spoke before about Grokhovski GN-6 single seat and GN-7 two seat gliders,
but unfortunately I had a drawings to them from a while,but I can't find them
now,who has a drawings to them plus Grokhovski glider projects ?.


And here is the Grokhovski Inflatable glider.
 

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hesham

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For the Antonov gliders;


RF-1 = OKA-17
RF-2 = OKA-18
RF-3 = OKA-19
RF-4 = OKA-20
RF-5 = OKA-23
M-3 = OKA-24
M-5 = OKA-30
BS-5 = OKA-31
US-5 = OKA-32


does anyone know the OKA-29 ?.
 

Stargazer2006

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By the way, OKA-29 was the M-4 glider.

Source : one of the best resources on pre-war Soviet gliders (page 58):
http://airspot.ru/book/file/94/shushurin_atlas_konstruktsiy_planerov.pdf
 

redstar72

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hesham said:
Hi,


I don't know if that was a real project or not,it was called Kaganovitch GT1.


More correct name would be GT-1 "L. Kaganovich". Kaganovich wasn't the designer's name: the glider was named in honor of Lazar Kaganovich (1893-1991), the prominent Soviet politician and statesman. The designer was G. Tinyakov (Г. Тиняков), a graduate student of Rostov-on-Don institute of rail transport engineers (by the way, L. Kaganovich was Minister of transport and communications that time). A 2-seat training glider also suitable for aerobatics, the GT-1 was not only a real project - it was actually built by the members of Rostov-on-Don flying club and participated in the 12th All-Union gliding contest in July 1937.

Technical data:
Wing span - 15 m
Length - 7.1 m
Height - 1.45 m
Wing area - 16 m2
Aspect ratio - 14.1
Empty weight - 270 kg
Flight weight - 430 kg
Wing loading - 26.8 kg/m2
L/D ratio - 20.3
Rate of sink - 0.92 m/s

Source: A.P. Krasil'schikov. Gliders of USSR. - Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 1992. - P.133, 229.
 

robunos

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Wouldn't seem to be too good a trainer, with the pupil and instructor in separate, and separated, cockpits...

cheers,
Robin.
 

hesham

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Hi,


does anyone know the Groshev GH-8 glider ?,and may be it was a project !.
 

Cy-27

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Some of my notes on the Groshev family of gliders attached.

I suspect that some may have been produced in some numbers (as mentioned in an earlier post).

Source: Soviet Gliders - Moscow, Mashinostroenie
 

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hesham

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From Russian magazine,


what was this KNM-2-UK glider ?.
 

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Granit

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Glider with elastic wing. To study the problem of preventing flutter.
 

Tuizentfloot

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Apparently it was a modification by V.N. Belyayev and V.I. Yukharin of the Yemeyanov KIM-2 glider with Belyayev's "elastic" wing (упругое крыло). This wing was also tested on the BP-2 and BP-3 gliders of Belyayev, who then built the DK-LK bomber prototype with the same wing.

Curiously, in his Entsiklopediya Planery Rossii tells the whole story of the BP-2 and BP-3 (pp. 191-192), but do not mention the KIM-2-UK. Neither in his description of the KIM-2 (p. 143).
 

hesham

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Great Info,many thanks to you Tuizentfloot.
 

hesham

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Hi,


can anyone ID this twin fuselage Russian glider ?.


Flugsport 1933
 

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Granit

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Alexander Krasilshchikov in his detailed book "Gliders USSR" did not say anything about it...
 

hesham

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Hi Granit,


and I search in some Russian magazine about it,but no way ?.
 

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Perhaps it's a six-seater glider, designed in 1932 by the famous Soviet designer Gribovsky. He began to build, but not finished. Drawings probably do not exist ...
 

hesham

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Hi Granit,


you meant Gribovsky G-11,agreed,very close to it.
 

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Cy-27

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Gribovski G-11 Glider

The life of this aircraft, intended for transportation of 6 men and being planned at the same time as the G-9 in 1932, was rather short. In many respects the G-11 repeated the destiny of the earlier G-3 glider. As with the G-3, it had twin-fuselage layout but the main difference was spacious 3-seat enclosed cabins with doors in each fuselage.

The manufacturing of the G-11 was delayed and in 1933 the governing body of "Osoaviakhim" decided to stop it entirely, though the general completeness of the glider was estimated at the level of 80 %. A motorized transport variant, known as the M-11M was built in 1935. This powered version incorporated a 100 hp M-11 engine.

The designation was also used in some wartime papers in relation to the G-29 military assault glider design.

Sources:
Airplanes and Gliders of V.K.Gribovsky by Mikhail Maslov
Soviet Gliders by Rysov, U.A.
Bulletin of the Russian Aviation Research Group
 

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hesham

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Hi,


I can't ID this GN-7 motor glider,and was it from Russian ?.


http://www.luftfahrt-bibliothek.de/zeitschrift-flugsport-oskar-ursinus-luftsport-luftfahrt-luftverkehr/luftsport-luftfahrt-luftverkehr-flugsport-1938/zeitschrift-flugsport-1938-luftsport-luftverkehr-luftfahrt.htm
 

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borovik

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This glider F.Groshev G№-7, or rather its motorized version (two-stroke engine 17 hp) I.Shelest developed in 1937 in the workshops of the Moscow Design Bureau.
 
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