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Chinese Space Program

Flyaway

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Web translation:

Chang'e 5 successfully landed on the moon!

The reporter learned from the National Space Administration that just now, the Chang'e-5 probe successfully landed in the pre-selected landing zone on the front of the moon, becoming our country's third probe to successfully implement a lunar soft landing. After a successful landing, the lander will officially start working on the lunar surface for about 2 days under ground control
 

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Web translation:

The Chang'e-5 spacecraft will carry out the lunar surface sampling in the pre-selected area after the power descent and successful landing

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 1 (Reporter Hu Zhe). The reporter learned from the National Space Administration that at 23:11 on December 1 the Chang'e-5 probe successfully landed on the front side of the moon in the pre-selected landing zone at 51.8 degrees West longitude and 43.1 degrees North latitude and returned the landing images.

At 22:57 on December 1, the lander and ascender combination of the Chang'e-5 probe began a power descent from a distance of 15 kilometers from the lunar surface. The 7,500 N variable thrust engine was turned on to gradually reduce the probe's longitudinal velocity relative to the moon from about 1.7 km/s dropped to zero.

During the period, the probe made rapid attitude adjustments and gradually approached the moon surface; after that, automatic obstacle detection was carried out. After the landing point was selected, it began to avoid obstacles and descend slowly and vertically, and landed smoothly on the north of the Mons Rümker in the Storm Ocean on the front side of the moon. During the landing, the landing camera equipped with the lander took an images of the landing area.

After a successful landing, under control from Earth, the lander has carried out the state inspection and setup work such as the deployment of the solar panel and the directional antenna, and will officially start the lunar surface work lasting about 2 days to collect lunar samples.
 

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BEIJING, Dec. 3 (Xinhua) -- A Chinese spacecraft carrying the country's first lunar samples blasted off from the moon late Thursday, the China National Space Administration announced.

This represented the first-ever Chinese spacecraft to take off from an extraterrestrial body.

China's Chang'e-5 probe, comprising an orbiter, a lander, an ascender and a returner, was launched on Nov. 24, and its lander-ascender combination touched down on the north of the Mons Rumker in Oceanus Procellarum, also known as the Ocean of Storms, on the near side of the moon on Dec. 1.

After the samples were collected and sealed, the ascender of Chang'e-5 took off from the lunar surface, and is expected to complete unmanned rendezvous and docking with the orbiter-returner in lunar orbit, an unprecedented feat.

Chang'e-5 is one of the most complicated and challenging missions in Chinese aerospace history, as well as the world's first moon-sample mission in more than 40 years.
 

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BEIJING, Dec. 4 (Xinhua) -- The China National Space Administration Friday released images showing China's national flag unfurled from the Chang'e-5 probe on the moon.

The images were taken by a panoramic camera installed on the lander-ascender combination of the probe, before the ascender blasted off from the moon with lunar samples late Thursday.

In one of the images, a robotic arm to collect lunar samples can be seen next to the flag.

China's Chang'e-5 probe was launched on Nov. 24, and its lander-ascender combination touched down on the north of the Mons Rumker in Oceanus Procellarum, also known as the Ocean of Storms, on the near side of the moon on Dec. 1.

After the samples were collected and sealed, the ascender of Chang'e-5 took off from the lunar surface late Thursday, and is expected to carry out unmanned rendezvous and docking with the orbiter-returner in lunar orbit, an unprecedented feat.

Chang'e-5 is one of the most complicated and challenging missions in Chinese aerospace history, as well as the world's first moon-sample mission in more than 40 years.
 

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Orbiter-returner combination of Chang'e-5 separates from ascender
2020-12-06 14:03:18

BEIJING, Dec. 6 (Xinhua) -- The orbiter and returner combination of China's Chang'e-5 probe successfully separated from the spacecraft's ascender at 12:35 p.m. Sunday (Beijing Time), according to the China National Space Administration (CNSA).

The orbiter-returner will continue to orbit the moon, and wait for the right time to return to Earth with lunar samples.

Earlier on Sunday, the probe's ascender successfully rendezvoused and docked with the orbiter-returner combination in lunar orbit.
 

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China launches new Earth observation satellite
2020-12-06 14:48:50

XICHANG, Dec. 6 (Xinhua) -- China successfully launched a new Earth observation satellite from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province at 11:58 a.m. Sunday (Beijing Time).

The satellite, Gaofen-14, was sent into orbit by a Long March-3B carrier rocket.

Geofen-14 is an optical stereo mapping satellite. It can efficiently obtain high precision stereo images globally, draw large scale digital topographic map, produce digital elevation models, digital surface models and digital orthophoto images, and provide basic geographic information.

Sunday's launch was the 354th mission of the Long March rocket series.
 

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Seems during separation from Ascender and Returner, it left it's Docking system on Ascender.
 

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Chang'e-5 ascender lands back on moon after mission completed
18:06, 08-Dec-2020

Chang'e-5 ascender landed back on the moon at about 7:30 Tuesday morning BJT after successfully transferring lunar samples to the probe's returner at the designated lunar orbit, according to the China Nation Space Administration (CNSA).

A controlled-landing can prevent it from being space debris, said the mission team, adding the retired ascender will not cause any troubles for future lunar exploration.

The Chang'e-5 probe, comprising an orbiter, a lander, an ascender, and a returner, was launched on November 24 in a mission to bring back moon samples for human beings.

Its lander-ascender touched down on the north of the Mons Rumker in Oceanus Procellarum, also known as the Ocean of Storms, on the near side of the moon on December 1.

After the samples were collected and sealed, the ascender took off from the lunar surface on December 3.

Having had a first-ever rendezvous and docking with the returner in a lunar orbit, the ascender successfully transferred the 2 kilograms lunar samples to the returner. Earlier on Sunday, it has separated from them on the moon orbit.

The returner will fly back to Earth with the precious samples via the Earth-moon transfer orbit this month. After reentering the Earth's atmosphere, it will land in the Siziwang Banner of north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
 

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