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Alexei Leonov has passed away

Archibald

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Oh no ! how old was he ? Could have been first Soviet on the Moon. :(
 

Flyaway

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Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, USSR pilot-cosmonaut Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov, passed away

October 11, 2019

On October 11, 2019, at the 86th year of his life, Hero of the Soviet Union, USSR pilot-cosmonaut, major general of aviation Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov died twice.

Alexei Leonov was born on May 30, 1934 in the village of Listvyanka, Tisulsky District, Kemerovo Region. In 1953 he graduated from 10 classes of secondary school No. 21 of Kaliningrad (regional center), then the 10th Military Aviation School for the initial training of pilots in Kremenchug, in 1957 - the Chuguev Military Aviation School of Pilots with a degree in fighter pilot.

After successful graduation, he served as a pilot of the 113th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 10th Guards Fighter Aviation Division of the 69th Air Army of the Kiev Military District, and since 1959, as a senior pilot of the 294th Separate Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment of the 24th Air Army as part of the Soviet Group troops in Germany.

In 1960 A.A. Leonov, by order of the Air Force Commander-in-Chief, was enlisted as a listener-astronaut of the first set of cosmonauts of the Air Force Cosmonaut Training Center, and in 1961 he was appointed to the post of astronaut of the CPC cosmonauts department.

He made two space flights of world significance. The first flight was carried out from March 18 to 19, 1965 as the second pilot of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft together with Pavel Belyaev . During this flight, Alexei Arkhipovich, showing exceptional courage, made the first spacewalk in the history of space exploration lasting 12 minutes 9 seconds.

The second time, Alexei Leonov went into space in July 1975 as the commander of a spacecraft under the EPAS program (Soyuz Apollo program). The flight lasted 5 days 22 hours 30 minutes. This was an international project, within the framework of which the ships of two different countries were docked for the first time in the world - the Soviet Soyuz-19 with Alexei Leonov and Valery Kubasov and the American Apollo with Thomas Stafford, Donald Slayton and Vance Brand.

In 1968, A.A. Leonov graduated from the Faculty of Engineering of the N.E. Zhukovsky (VVIA), specializing in the design and operation of aerospace vehicles and engines for them, was qualified as a pilot-engineer-cosmonaut. A.A. Leonov was actively engaged in scientific activities. In 1981 he graduated from the postgraduate studies at the VVIA named after N.E. Zhukovsky, he was awarded the degree of candidate of technical sciences.

At the Cosmonaut Training Center A.A. Leonov held the following positions: cosmonaut (since 1961), instructor-cosmonaut (since 1966), deputy commander of the cosmonaut group (since 1966), deputy head of the department, senior instructor-cosmonaut (since 1969), head of the 1st department senior instructor-cosmonaut (since 1970), deputy head of the CPC-senior instructor-cosmonaut (since 1972), deputy head of the CPC for space training, senior instructor-cosmonaut (since 1974), deputy chief of the CPC for space training, unit commander astronauts (from 1 976th to 1982).

A.A. Leonov was awarded the qualifications “Military Pilot of the 1st Class” (1965) and an astronaut of the 2nd Class (1975).

After completing active work in the cosmonaut corps, the experience and knowledge of Alexei Arkhipovich remained in demand at the Cosmonaut Training Center: he was appointed deputy head of the CPC for flight and space training (1982-1986), deputy head of the CPC for space training (and flight) since 1986 to 1991. In 1991, by order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR, he was placed at the disposal of the Air Force Commander-in-Chief. In 1992, dismissed from military service by age.

After the completion of military service A.A. Leonov was the chairman of the International Association of Space Flight Participants, the director of space programs of the international company Chetek, the president of the Charity Fund in memory of the first cosmonaut of the planet and his flight mentor. Alexey Arkhipovich was engaged in charity work to provide assistance to sick children under the "Life Line" program.

Alexei Leonov was at the origins of the creation and development of the Cosmonaut Training Center and Star City. He belonged to the first generation of Soviet cosmonauts, who wrote bright pages in the glorious history of the Russian manned astronautics. His name is written in gold letters in the world history of exploration and exploration of outer space!

A.A. Leonov was twice awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Golden Star medals, was awarded orders and medals of the USSR and the Russian Federation, foreign states and public organizations, and was marked with various distinctions.

Alexei Leonov is a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR (1965), an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Arts (2004), author and co-author of a number of books on space. According to the book "Time of the First" a feature film was created.

A.A. Leonov is an honorary citizen of more than 20 cities of Russia and the world! His bronze busts are installed on the Alley of Heroes-Cosmonauts in Moscow, in the city of Kemerovo and at home in the village of Listvyanka. The cosmonaut named schools and city streets, the international airport in Kemerovo, a crater on the far side of the moon, a regional award of the Kemerovo region - the Alexei Leonov medal, was held in Kaliningrad, the annual children's sailing regatta "Cosmonaut Leonov Cup" is held.

His life is an example of selfless service to the Motherland, courage, fortitude, high civic duty!

Management, cosmonauts of the USSR and the Russian Federation, staff and veterans of the Cosmonaut Training Center named after Yu.A. Gagarin condolences to the family and friends of Alexei Arkhipovich.

The bright memory of the legendary space explorer will forever remain in our hearts!

Farewell to Alexei Arkhipovich Leonov will be held on October 15 at 11 o’clock at the Federal War Memorial Cemetery in the city district of Mytishchi, Moscow Region.

 

Flyaway

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Thomas Stafford, an 89-year-old retired NASA astronaut, Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to travel into space, and Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu were among those gathered outside Moscow to pay their last respects to the Soviet space icon.
 

Arjen

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Thomas Stafford is the astronaut who shook Alexei Leonov's hand after he opened the hatch between Soyuz and Apollo.
 
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