Hi, this might not be the best thread but let's see…
In this post referenced above, there is a cycle / donut shaped space station which was, among many others, "recycled" by Kubrick. (Pun intended.) Does anyone have an idea of where this toroidal - wheel - donut shape space station comes from. This is both a history and a design question. Did this design originate from BIS' R.A.E. Smith? Tsiolkovsky? Perelman? from the very brainchild of von Braun? From earlier fiction, such as 1930s era pulps? Could even be Flash Gorden (strongly doubt that). Disney?
Where does this donut space station shape come from? Who was the seed? An engineer? An illustrator whose work would be fushed further in the realm of engineering? Was it Bonestell's own ideas?
The BIS had the ealiest 'refined' version of the 'wheel' type space-station I know of. I believe von Braun had presented a wheel before the war which was later fleshed out and popularized in the Viking press books. Disney was late to the party with their version, late 50's.
The von Braun concept became the foundation for other interpretations of the wheel type space station. This model representing the concept from the movie, The Conquest Of Space, for example.
The Germans certainly understood aerodynamic heating. When V-2s exploded after launch, this problem was solved by adding 'glass wool' insulation. The wings in the upper part of the rocket as shown were not practical.