Various UAV and UCAV designs from the USA

fightingirish

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bDIdEYGHY7g&feature=player_detailpage#t=130s
northropgrummanmedia said:
[...]The Morphing Hybrid Air-Vehicle concept proves that same can-do spirit of pushing the technological envelope still drives Aerospace Systems engineers
Interesting idea and a cute lady. :D
 

hesham

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Hi,


the Silent Guardian UAV.


http://oregonshout.ning.com/profiles/blogs/the-silent-guardian-drone
 

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Grey Havoc

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http://www.defensenews.com/article/20130303/DEFREG02/303030005/U-S-Air-Force-Plans-Extended-Range-Reaper

The use of UAVs in Afghanistan has increased significantly over the past year as the Obama administration prepared for troops to leave the country, and that trend seems likely to continue. The ER model could allow incursions into Pakistan despite the loss of the Afghan bases that have been home to many unmanned launches in the past decade.

The UAV's range would be extended using a modification kit that will replace the wings on older Reaper models with a newer design equipped with fuel tanks.

The modification would extend the operational capability of the Reaper by about 10 hours. The standard Reaper is configured for 30 hours for the ISR model, and roughly 23 hours if armed with Hellfire missiles. General Atomics believes the ER model would up those to 42 hours for ISR and 35 hours with the Hellfire.

Pehrson said the company plans to meet with Air Force officials this Friday to iron out some of the details, but declined to comment on whether the company was expecting its new design to be in the 2014 budget.
General Atomics began looking into an ER model 18 months ago, Pehrson said, and developed a number of potential designs.

That included two test models for NASA that featured an 80-foot wingspan. While the model successfully increased both the endurance and altitude of the UAV, the Air Force rejected it because of concerns with its size; increasing the wings by that much would require redesigning the infrastructure, such as hangars and shipping containers, which are already in use.Test models included versions with longer wings, but the Air Force selected a different fix: new wings, the same size as the traditional Reaper design, that come equipped with extra fuel tanks and winglets to help reduce drag. The fuel tanks are detachable, leaving the wing stations free to carry other payloads, such as sensors or weapons, but they are not drop tanks that can be jettisoned in flight.

The modifications are backward-compatible to the traditional MQ-9 fuselage, so teams in the field could strip off the wings and attach the new ones relatively easily.

Pehrson puts the cost per unit in the ballpark of $500,000 to $1 million, although he noted those are rough figures that could change.

“There's no contract yet,” Pehrson said. “We've done some budgetary estimates, we've given them prices and they haven't balked at that. They're agreeing those are reasonable numbers.”

He also said the kits could be in the field 18 months after a contract is signed, in limited quantities.

The long-term plan would be for General Atomics to replace the older wing design in its production facility so new Reapers would come with the new wings installed. The Air Force has received less than half of the roughly 400 Reapers it has ordered, “so whenever they cut into production the remainders would be [extended-range],” Pehrson said.
 

Grey Havoc

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http://gizmodo.com/5979372/watch-the-worlds-highest-resolution-drone+mounted-camera-in-action
 

Grey Havoc

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http://www.defensenews.com/article/20130415/C4ISR01/304150014/Budget-Woes-Crimp-Search-Long-Flying-Unmanned-Planes
 

hesham

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Stargazer2006 said:
hesham said:
a student project.
Still a zillion times better than what Iran could attain in 10 years!

That's right Stargazer,and I think Iran is still in its beginning steps.
 

bobbymike

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I, Recon Robot

Northrop Grumman is developing new technology to allow intelligence systems to learn patterns and predict, rather than detect, threats, said Patrick Antkowiak, vice president of the company's advanced concepts and technologies division. "Some of the best chess players in the world now are computers. What's going on there is that this idea of machine learning," or enabling a computer to predict an opponent's move with greater accuracy based on past data, explained Antkowiak in a briefing Wednesday in Washington D.C. "Think of what happens when we combine that ability with our sensing technology" on battlefield surveillance platforms such as JSTARS or Global Hawk, he added. "We get sensor architectures that can learn…and don't just forensically give us a view of where we've been, but start to predict where we need to be," noted Antkowiak. "We go from response, to anticipatory sort of systems." Though the concept is still in the research and development stage, it could theoretically be retrofitted to many existing systems, he said.
 

Grey Havoc

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The TERN program seems to be moving ahead, be interesting to see what, if anything comes out of it:


The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has awarded contracts to five defense firms to develop ideas for new unmanned aerial systems that will serve the U.S. Navy’s newest combat ships.

The contracts went to Aurora Flight Sciences in Manassas, Va., Carter Aviation in Wichita Falls, Texas, Maritime Applied Physics Corp., in Baltimore, Md., AeroEnvironment in Monrovia, Calif., and Northrup Grumman in Falls Church, Va. Each of the contracts is valued at less than $3 million, and will be used by each company to develop concepts for DARPA’s Tactically Exploited Reconnaissance Node, or TERN, program, according to a recent press release.

The new UAS will be expected to provide video and other reconnaissance data for both peaceful and battle operations, and the aircraft will need to be launched from a variety of Navy ships, including the new Littoral Combat Ship. Many of these ships have little room for a landing strip, so the TERN UASs must be capable of very short take offs and landings.

To meet this short take-off and landing requirement, Carter Aviation plans to offer its Slowed Rotor/Compound technology that uses a slowly turning rotor to act as a fixed wing for efficient level flight, but can spin up the rotor for vertical take-offs, the release states. The other vendors will all have their own concepts to meet the terms of the DARPA contract.

DARPA has announced that there will be follow-on contracts once the initial concepts have been developed and reviewed.


Read more: http://defensetech.org/2013/12/19/darpa-taps-firms-for-new-uas-effort/#ixzz2piktm2Zp
Defense.org
 

bobbymike

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Tangentially related;

http://defensetech.org/2014/05/21/darpa-unveils-hack-proof-drone/
 

Jemiba

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Grey Havoc said:
... Carter Aviation plans to offer its Slowed Rotor/Compound technology that uses a slowly turning rotor to act as a fixed wing for efficient level flight, but can spin up the rotor for vertical take-offs, ...
Seems to be principally very similar to the Boeing X-50 Dragonfly, which obviously
was a more problematic concept, than at first thought.
Was there already an aircraft using a rotor wing succesfully ? I mean, apart from
the Whispercraft, of course ? ;)
 

quellish

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Jemiba said:
Seems to be principally very similar to the Boeing X-50 Dragonfly, which obviously
was a more problematic concept, than at first thought.
Was there already an aircraft using a rotor wing succesfully ? I mean, apart from
the Whispercraft, of course ? ;)

I believe this is more closely related to an autogiro than X-50.
 

Jemiba

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Yes, maybe, that principle worked for the designs by Gerald Herrick, but without execption
those were biplanes once in cruising flight, with the second (fixed) wing helping during
transition. But if the picture is at least somewhat related to the actual thing, we have
only the rotor wing here.
 

bring_it_on

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hesham said:
Thank you dear flateric,

The Boeing UCAV version of its X-36 and Lockheed manned
and unmanned UCAV.


http://www.flightglobal.com/FlightPDFArchive/1998/1998%20-%201390.pdf

The second picture appears to be the saber warrior. A sort of A2A/A2G mule for the F-22, the only UCAV i am aware of that offered an afterburner option.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eAq3UMYkvlI
 

bring_it_on

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Forgot to look at the dates on the posts :eek:
 

bobbymike

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http://defensetech.org/2014/06/19/air-force-plans-next-generation-drone-fleet/
 

GeorgeA

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Today's Air Force Magazine Daily Report contains what may be an oblique reference to a new USAF MALE type in service in Africa:


The 2014 National Defense Appropriations Authorization bill, includes language referencing a "medium-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle with flexible multi-intelligence sensor and communications relay capabilities," which is currently being flight tested by the Air Force for use by US Africa Command forces. Personnel both in Congress and in the Air Force remain tight-lipped about the aircraft's development and functionality, but the NDAA "encourages" the Air Force Secretary "to adopt a plan for these assets that would preserve their ability to be deployed if AFRICOM or any other combatant command" identifies a need.
 
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Ian33

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George Allegrezza said:
Today's Air Force Magazine Daily Report contains what may be an oblique reference to a new USAF MALE type in service in Africa:


The 2014 National Defense Appropriations Authorization bill, includes language referencing a "medium-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle with flexible multi-intelligence sensor and communications relay capabilities," which is currently being flight tested by the Air Force for use by US Africa Command forces. Personnel both in Congress and in the Air Force remain tight-lipped about the aircraft's development and functionality, but the NDAA "encourages" the Air Force Secretary "to adopt a plan for these assets that would preserve their ability to be deployed if AFRICOM or any other combatant command" identifies a need.
Was this not the Aurora Flight Science 'Orion' - 120 hours on station, 20 thousand foot ceiling, loads of weird payload pods and comms relay kit?
 

donnage99

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Or Lockheed's MPLE that was revealed not too long ago.
 

quellish

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donnage99 said:
Or Lockheed's MPLE that was revealed not too long ago.
Could also be GA Avenger, which was just turned over to USAF
 

Grey Havoc

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http://theweek.com/article/index/264769/this-laser-armed-drone-could-blow-fighter-jets-out-of-the-sky

http://www.au.af.mil/au/afri/aspj/digital/pdf/articles/2014-May-Jun/F-Byrnes.pdf?source=GovD

Byrnes focuses on famed fighter pilot John Boyd's classic observe-orient-decide-act decision cycle — the "OODA loop" — which predicts that victory in combat belongs to the warrior who can assess and respond to conditions fastest.

Like a fighter pilot trying to out-turn his opponent in a dogfight, the trick to OODA is quickly making the right decisions while your enemy is still trying to figure out what's going on.

It's a battle of wits in which computers are superior, according to Byrnes. "Every step in OODA that we can do, they will do better."

Byrnes envisions a drone designed from the start to utilize the full potential of an unmanned dogfighter. The FQ-X would be constructed of advanced, difficult-to-detect "metamaterials." It would have extremely powerful computers that could determine an enemy aircraft's position from even the scantest of sensor data.

"The principle of 'first look, first kill' belongs to the aircraft with the most processing power and the best software to leverage it," Byrnes writes.

The FQ-X would also have multispectral optics and computer vision software that would enable it to distinguish friendly from enemy aircraft. The drone would pack a laser or a cannon firing armor-piercing incendiary rounds.

To sweeten the robot's victory, on-board machine-learning systems would analyze the encounter and transmit tips to other combat drones.
 

hesham

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Hi,


here is the Lockheed Martin new Unmanned Rotor Vehicle VTOL concept;


http://www.aviationnews.eu/2012/08/06/lockheed-martin-procerus-technologies-unveils-new-unmanned-quad-rotor-vertical-take-off-and-landing-system/
 

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Stargazer2006

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Ha ha, I was on this very page only yesterday. There's just too much in Popular Mechanics to share, really. Thanks for doing it, anyway...
 

hesham

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Thank you my dear Skyblazer.
 

Stargazer2006

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hesham said:
To claim that this is a "DARPA Loiter UAV" is RIDICULOUS! This is a Popular Mechanics design which was created in response to DARPA's specifications for a UAV to be called the Peregrine. "Loiter" and "Attack" are two modes of operations (the UAV can loiter or it can attack) described in the images. It's ALL IN THERE!!! At the URL you provided yourself!!

If you don't understand an article very well because it's not your language, that's understandable, but PLEASE do not assert things like that, it can lead to a lot of confusion! Ask someone who speaks the language properly so they can explain it to you. I've said it many times before, but this is a reference source to many people, we can't afford to be vague, evasive or erroneous!
 

hesham

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My dear Skyblazer,


I explained that in reply # 20,it was two UAV concepts,and and of course I did't mean it in
second displaying.
 

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Model of Northrop Grumman RQ-4B Global Hawk proposal for Canada found on eBay manufactured by Toys & Models Corporation.

Source:
http://www.ebay.com/itm/Northrop-Grumman-RQ-4B-Global-Hawk-Canada-Desk-Display-1-78-Model-Aircraft-/191460946832?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_2&hash=item2c93f63390
 

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bobbymike

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http://www.popsci.com/darpa-wants-drones-hunt-packs

Like the "6th generation" attack aircraft artwork though don't know how realistic it is :eek:

http://www.defense.gov/pubs/DOD-USRM-2013.pdf
 

flateric

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This one is really nothing more than artist's concept.
 

Grey Havoc

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Regarding the Predator XP: http://www.defensenews.com/story/defense/policy-budget/congress/2015/02/05/hunter-to-obama-send-jordan-the-predator-xp/22934783/
 

bobbymike

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http://www.onr.navy.mil/Media-Center/Press-Releases/2015/LOCUST-low-cost-UAV-swarm-ONR.aspx

For Immediate Release: April 14, 2015

By David Smalley, Office of Naval Research

NATIONAL HARBOR, Md. — A new era in autonomy and unmanned systems for naval operations is on the horizon, as officials at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) announced today recent technology demonstrations of swarming unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) — part of the Low-Cost UAV Swarming Technology (LOCUST) program.

LOCUST can launch swarming UAVs to autonomously overwhelm an adversary. The deployment of UAV swarms will provide Sailors and Marines a decisive tactical advantage. (Watch: LOCUST video on YouTube)

“The recent demonstrations are an important step on the way to the 2016 ship-based demonstration of 30 rapidly launched autonomous, swarming UAVs,” said ONR program manager Lee Mastroianni.

The LOCUST program includes a tube-based launcher that can send UAVs into the air in rapid succession. The breakthrough technology then utilizes information-sharing between the UAVs, enabling autonomous collaborative behavior in either defensive or offensive missions.

Since the launcher and the UAVs themselves have a small footprint, the technology enables swarms of compact UAVs to take off from ships, tactical vehicles, aircraft or other unmanned platforms.

The ONR demonstrations, which took place over the last month in multiple locations, included the launch of Coyote UAVs capable of carrying varying payloads for different missions. Another technology demonstration of nine UAVs accomplished completely autonomous UAV synchronization and formation flight.

ONR officials note that while the LOCUST autonomy is cutting edge compared to remote-controlled UAVs, there will always be a human monitoring the mission, able to step in and take control as desired.

“This level of autonomous swarming flight has never been done before,” said Mastroianni. “UAVs that are expendable and reconfigurable will free manned aircraft and traditional weapon systems to do more, and essentially multiply combat power at decreased risk to the warfighter.”

UAVs reduce hazards and free personnel to perform more complex tasks, as well as requiring fewer people to do multiple missions.

Lowering costs is a major benefit of UAVs as well. Even hundreds of small autonomous UAVs cost less than a single tactical aircraft — and, officials note, having this capability will force adversaries to focus on UAV swarm response.

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert’s Sailing Directions to the fleet note that over the next 10 to 15 years, the Navy will evolve and remain the preeminent maritime force. It directs: “Unmanned systems in the air and water will employ greater autonomy and be fully integrated with their manned counterparts.”

David Smalley is a contractor with the Office of Naval Research


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyguXoum3rk&feature=youtu.be
 

bobbymike

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http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2015/04/marines-testing-piggyback-hunter-drones/110671/

Can think of a few interesting concepts of operations. UAV launched from a UGV loaded with Griffins or Javelins or JAGMs flies off finds and lases back target coordinates to UGV........
 
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