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US UAV and UCAV Technology

Grey Havoc

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bobbymike said:
http://www.onr.navy.mil/Media-Center/Press-Releases/2015/LOCUST-low-cost-UAV-swarm-ONR.aspx

For Immediate Release: April 14, 2015

By David Smalley, Office of Naval Research

NATIONAL HARBOR, Md. — A new era in autonomy and unmanned systems for naval operations is on the horizon, as officials at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) announced today recent technology demonstrations of swarming unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) — part of the Low-Cost UAV Swarming Technology (LOCUST) program.

LOCUST can launch swarming UAVs to autonomously overwhelm an adversary. The deployment of UAV swarms will provide Sailors and Marines a decisive tactical advantage. (Watch: LOCUST video on YouTube)

“The recent demonstrations are an important step on the way to the 2016 ship-based demonstration of 30 rapidly launched autonomous, swarming UAVs,” said ONR program manager Lee Mastroianni.

The LOCUST program includes a tube-based launcher that can send UAVs into the air in rapid succession. The breakthrough technology then utilizes information-sharing between the UAVs, enabling autonomous collaborative behavior in either defensive or offensive missions.

Since the launcher and the UAVs themselves have a small footprint, the technology enables swarms of compact UAVs to take off from ships, tactical vehicles, aircraft or other unmanned platforms.

The ONR demonstrations, which took place over the last month in multiple locations, included the launch of Coyote UAVs capable of carrying varying payloads for different missions. Another technology demonstration of nine UAVs accomplished completely autonomous UAV synchronization and formation flight.

ONR officials note that while the LOCUST autonomy is cutting edge compared to remote-controlled UAVs, there will always be a human monitoring the mission, able to step in and take control as desired.

“This level of autonomous swarming flight has never been done before,” said Mastroianni. “UAVs that are expendable and reconfigurable will free manned aircraft and traditional weapon systems to do more, and essentially multiply combat power at decreased risk to the warfighter.”

UAVs reduce hazards and free personnel to perform more complex tasks, as well as requiring fewer people to do multiple missions.

Lowering costs is a major benefit of UAVs as well. Even hundreds of small autonomous UAVs cost less than a single tactical aircraft — and, officials note, having this capability will force adversaries to focus on UAV swarm response.

Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert’s Sailing Directions to the fleet note that over the next 10 to 15 years, the Navy will evolve and remain the preeminent maritime force. It directs: “Unmanned systems in the air and water will employ greater autonomy and be fully integrated with their manned counterparts.”

David Smalley is a contractor with the Office of Naval Research


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyguXoum3rk&feature=youtu.be

On a related note: http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/03/russia-joins-us-race-field-gun-launched-swarmbots/136501/
 

Grey Havoc

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And here's something totally different: https://www.fastcompany.com/3069053/a-startups-plan-to-halve-cargo-shipping-costs-with-777-size-drones
 

sferrin

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Grey Havoc said:
And here's something totally different: https://www.fastcompany.com/3069053/a-startups-plan-to-halve-cargo-shipping-costs-with-777-size-drones

Sounds like the perfect job for a giant WIG.
 

Reaper

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So they want to build a 777 size drone that can land on water to safe the crew cost. And they got 750k$ venture capital for it.

Am I missing something here? Normally you use older airliners for cargo, since custom build cargo planes are not more efficient and would be more expensive since they would be produced in lower numbers. The crew cost is very low compared to the purchase price of the plane and wouldnt justify a new plane development. It would make more sense to come up with an drone software/hardware package for an existing 777.
 

bobbymike

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http://defense-update.com/20170410_have_raider.html

Manned unmanned teaming
 

marauder2048

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bobbymike said:
http://defense-update.com/20170410_have_raider.html

Manned unmanned teaming

From the release, it sounds like Auto-ACAS got a good workout as well.
 

bobbymike

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https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/06/gasoline-powered-drones-that-can-stay-aloft-for-five-days.html
 

fredymac

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Seems odd it has taken so long to put JDAM's on a drone.

https://youtu.be/7fGbpHyMz2E
 

aim9xray

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Not really. JDAM is not like an early Sidewinder with a what, 30-pin connector as the interface to the aircraft.

JDAM integration requires that you have an integrated avionics infrastructure (either federated or integrated, Mission Computer, Stores Management, GPS/INS, station decoders, etc) in place in the aircraft before you can start to think about interfacing JDAM to the aircraft. With the MQ-9, it's even worse, because you need to reach back and modify the remote operator's station functionality and interfaces to do what was previously done in the cockpit and deal with the latency of (worst case) satellite operations.

It's as they say, a non-trivial task. This is a sign that GA-ASI has matured their software capabilities and is playing in the big leagues.
 

bobbymike

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http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/military/sd-me-kratos-drone-20170618-story.html
 

hesham

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In a Russian book about Unmanned Vehicles,

can you ID this rotor UAH concept,the right one ?.
 

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well

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hesham said:
In a Russian book about Unmanned Vehicles,

can you ID this rotor UAH concept,the right one ?.
I can. It's part of my high speed helicopter UAV research work. We planned to apply the ABC concept for tandem helicopters.
 

hesham

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well said:
hesham said:
In a Russian book about Unmanned Vehicles,

can you ID this rotor UAH concept,the right one ?.
I can. It's part of my high speed helicopter UAV research work. We planned to apply the ABC concept for tandem helicopters.

Thank you,and welcome aboard Mr. Well.
 

seruriermarshal

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MDA ;D
 

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bobbymike

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http://aviationweek.com/defense/predator-stingray-general-atomics-leads-uav-boom
 

bobbymike

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https://www.engadget.com/2017/07/07/us-army-versatile-flying-squirrel-like-drone/
 

Grey Havoc

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http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/07/us-army-seeks-internet-battlefield-things-distributed-bot-swarms/139533/

I fear that they have learned nothing from the fiasco that was FCS...
 

bobbymike

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http://breakingdefense.com/2017/08/thunderdrone-best-name-ever-but-what-is-it/
 

bobbymike

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http://aviationweek.com/defense/skunk-works-sees-big-opportunity-attritable-uavs?NL=AW-05&Issue=AW-05_20170901_AW-05_407&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_2&utm_rid=CPEN1000000230026&utm_campaign=11554&utm_medium=email&elq2=67baa8f1949045a0a87dac5721f6ae99

What will air defenses do when both sides of a conflict send hundreds upon hundreds of disposable UAVs that simply overwhelm any defensive response?
 

sferrin

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bobbymike said:
http://aviationweek.com/defense/skunk-works-sees-big-opportunity-attritable-uavs?NL=AW-05&Issue=AW-05_20170901_AW-05_407&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_2&utm_rid=CPEN1000000230026&utm_campaign=11554&utm_medium=email&elq2=67baa8f1949045a0a87dac5721f6ae99

What will air defenses do when both sides of a conflict send hundreds upon hundreds of disposable UAVs that simply overwhelm any defensive response?

Lasers will be the only realistic response.
 

Foo Fighter

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What about proximity airburst payloads? Enough shotgun pellets in the air at one time would be cheaper and more effectively than a laser targeting multiple points one after the other.
 

dan_inbox

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That would work only if the swarm was nice enough to arrive all at the same time and from the same general direction. If they are smarter than that, then a rapid-fire laser is a better answer.
 

sferrin

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Foo Fighter said:
What about proximity airburst payloads? Enough shotgun pellets in the air at one time would be cheaper and more effectively than a laser targeting multiple points one after the other.

Good luck shooting down 30 or 40 of these, arriving simultaneously from every direction, with a shotgun.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9RUKcMoBRQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygtmatZ5o7s
 

Colonial-Marine

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I'd agree that lasers are the ideal solution but for 30 years they've been saying we're less than 5 years away from laser weaponry being commonplace on the battlefield.

Of course the counter has to scale for the size/capability of the UAVs in question but what can be done on the squad level versus lots of small models like those?
 

bobbymike

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Boeing Ups Autonomy Game by Acquiring Aurora Flight Sciences

Boeing announced Thursday that it will acquire Virginia-based Aurora Flight Sciences, which specializes in autonomous flight systems. In 2016, Aurora was awarded a contract to work with DARPA on a Vertical Takeoff and Landing Experimental Plane. “The combined strength and innovation of our teams will advance the development of autonomy for our commercial and military systems,” said Greg Hyslop, chief technology officer at Boeing, in a press release. “Together, these talented teams will open new markets with transformational technologies.” The companies did not release the terms of the deal. —Wilson Brissett
 

Grey Havoc

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Colonial-Marine said:
I'd agree that lasers are the ideal solution but for 30 years they've been saying we're less than 5 years away from laser weaponry being commonplace on the battlefield.

Of course the counter has to scale for the size/capability of the UAVs in question but what can be done on the squad level versus lots of small models like those?

Might be time to go old school, methinks.
 

bobbymike

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https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/11/crude-slaughterbot-projection-of-existing-drone-technologies.html
 

bobbymike

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http://aviationweek.com/aviation-week-space-technology/mit-develops-mach-08-rocket-mini-drone?NL=AW-19&Issue=AW-19_20171122_AW-19_479&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_1&utm_rid=CPEN1000000230026&utm_campaign=12749&utm_medium=email&elq2=92c3ffdb49384144ab56238999814cfa
 

bobbymike

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http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2017/12/defense-contractor-northrop-grumman-testing-drones-deploy-bomb-shell/144330/?oref=defenseone_today_nl
 

bobbymike

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http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2018/02/marines-are-giving-quadcopters-every-squad/145778/?oref=defenseone_today_nl
 

Foo Fighter

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That looks the business actually, perhaps all that research and testing was not a complete waste. As a UCAV it might be launched vertically from a tail sitting stance. With an automated system it would make sense to use these from smaller vessels, perhaps use sensors to extend the range of those smaller vessels sensors or while the ship is in low emission state.
 

jsport

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bobbymike said:
http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2018/02/marines-are-giving-quadcopters-every-squad/145778/?oref=defenseone_today_nl

Against a near or peer competitor as soon as the quad rotor goes up the mortar and artillery start raining down. An armed performance armed UAS up echelon which is on target before anyone knows it is there starts making sense, but there are none on the market which make sense yet. Again USG needs to assume some risk for a decent UAS development rather than the sea of garbage on the market.
 

TomcatViP

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I think the approach is to nurture a specific modding industry.

With numbers on, builder would get interested to adapt their product to the military. If even a part of the R&D has been done upfront , it will be COTS adaptation with an easier integration.
 

jsport

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TomcatViP said:
I think the approach is to nurture a specific modding industry.

With numbers on, builder would get interested to adapt their product to the military. If even a part of the R&D has been done upfront , it will be COTS adaptation with an easier integration.
Pardon a stark disagreement. The guts on these things are very mature. The craft itself is need revolution and no one is offering anything near survivable for the far term. An AF person exclaimed on a PBS special some years ago that "We are in the Model A age of UAS. " He is near to correct. Some UCRAS designs are well along however tactical for the troops and VTOL are near zero.
 

fightingirish

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Another UAV concept by Challenger Aerospace Group.
Link: http://defence-blog.com/news/challenger-aerospace-readies-newest-cargo-unmanned-aerial-vehicle.html
 

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