- Dec 27, 2005
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Vladimir Rigmant, Tu-160 article, Aviatsiya i Kosmonautika 02/2006Tu-144 Projects
Aviation- missile complex - the medium range ballistic solid-propellant missiles. Carrier aircraft had to bear in the fuselage compartment three MBR of long range. The launch of rockets had to be carried out from the carrier aircraft in the limits of the territory OF THE USSR, output to the line of starting at the velocity of 2300-2500 km/h. Specific quantity of the aircraft. the line of firing was determined in 2500 km from the base, the flying range of rockets achieved 7000-9000 km.
These preliminary projects formed the basis for the subsequent projects ARK on the base Tu-144D with the engines RD -36-51. In these projects was considered the use of that modernised Tu-144D with the increased fuel load as carrier for intermediate range rocket with the flying range 3000-5000km, distinguished by their considerably smaller sizes and by masses, than in the preceding case.
In these projects basic flight into the zone of starting carrier aircraft had to perform in the subsonic mode. In this case with one rocket the range of system was determined in 9000-11000 km, with the flying range of aircraft itself near 5000 km; with two rockets - 8500-10000km, with the flying range of aircraft of approximately 4500 km, and with three rockets - 8000-9500 km with the flying range of aircraft of approximately 3500 km.
In the preliminary study there were other projects ARK on the base Tu-144, including with the cruise missiles of long range.
In second-half of the 1970s was examined the version of development on the base Tu-144D long range interceptor - “Raider” DP-2, capable of covering at the large distance long-range bomber aircraft, protecting them from the fighter-interceptors of enemy, to ensure PVO of the protected territories at large removals from the bases, and to also carry on a struggle with the aviation military- transport transportation on the routes of the sequence of transport aircraft.
As further development of this idea of steel the projects of interceptor- producer Tu-144PP, the combined functions distant fighter-interceptor and jammer, capable of complexly supporting the operations of the aircraft of long-range aviation on the penetration PVO of enemy.
In 1980 in the examination was found the version of the producer of interference- reconnaissance aircraft Tu-144PR on the base Tu-144D. Aircraft it was intended for the accomplishment of the missions of operational-strategic reconnaissance and radio-electronic counteraction. Tu-144PR thought as the universal complex, capable of working both in the long-range aviation and in PVO accomplishing reconnaissance of aerial targets, the induction on them of fighters, the transmission of target designations to SAMs. Furthermore, equipment and armament of aircraft permitted implementation of its own defence of aircraft from the attacks of fighters and rockets of different classes.
One of the last projects of creation on the base Tu-144 its military version became the design of distant reconnaissance aircraft for the naval aviation, which received designation Tu-144MR. Aircraft had to become the modification of series Tu-144D it was intended for conducting of aerial reconnaissance and realisation of target designation to the striking powers of fleet for the maritime and oceanic theatres of military actions. For expanding of tactical possibilities and reduction of prices of development and operation it was intended to have two versions of the aircraft in the formation: reconnaissance and reconnaissance-and-strike with two rockets.
In the reconnaissance version flying range Tu-144MR were determined by developers in 10,000 km, the maximum speed of flight 2500 km/h, average flight altitude 20,000m, in this case takeoff mass was determined in 185 t that it was almost to 10% less than in base model Tu-144D.
Picture is a Tu-144 model shown at Paris Airshow before first flight.
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