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Russian National Reusable Space Rocket program

Grey Havoc

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Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center's offering seems to be in the lead at the moment, development wise at least.

Russia's Khrunichev Center Develops Concept of Reusable Rocket (Spacedaily)

This is not the first project in the field of reusable rockets being developed in Russia. On June 4, Deputy General Director for Project Management of Ilyushin Aviation Complex Dmitry Gerasimov said that Russian manufacturers have developed several configurations for the first national reusable space rocket.

Moscow-based Foundation for Advanced Research Projects (FPI) then said that tests of the rocket are scheduled for 2022. The rocket will be capable of carrying up to 600 kilograms (over 1,300 pounds) of payload on the sun-synchronous orbit. According to preliminary calculations, the cost of bringing payload on orbit will be one and a half or two times cheaper than using ordinary rockets of such a class.
 

Michel Van

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They have to

In preceding years Russia Launch companies lost there market shares dramatic !
from 55% in 2010 downwards to 8% in 2018
Thanks to SpaceX who in 2018 got 65% of market shares in Commercial Rocket launch.
(Source https://twitter.com/patrickc/status/1020338680525774848)

Also is Russian Rocket Industry in Trouble
Next obligatory intrigue to get there Projects financed by Roscosmos and Russian Military
They face several fatal problems

- Lack of financed by government and lost of market shares in Commercial Rocket launches
- Lack of skilled employees
- Technical and missteps by not so skilled employees
- Thanks of Embargos they missing key components for there Rocket and have to Improvise.

best example is Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
They had a series of Technical Desasters like series of Proton Rocket Failure, MLM multi-purpose module problems.
and the never ending story on the Angara rocket development
what is understandable because Khrunichev is specialist in hypergolic fuels and switch to Cryogenic Kerolox .
also was issue with the Vostochny Cosmodrome.

Because of this Khrunichev is in financial problems.
they lost 23 billion rubles or $367 Million US Dollar in 2017.
and asking Russian Government for infusion of cash of 30 Billion rubles or 478 Million US Dollar for 2018
This partly to do with the there Angara problems,
like the issues with new Angara factories in Omsk, while the A5 second test launch is delay and delayed again since 4 Years !
They even talk about to shut down the Proton Production.

That new Reusable Launcher is just Baikal proposal under new name
is good step in right direction, but if that save Khrunichev is another Question
(Sources on Khrunichev http://www.russianspaceweb.com/index.html)
 

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