Current Russian/Ukrainian AAM projects

overscan (PaulMM)

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27 December 2005
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Vympel is currently working on AAMs to arm "fifth generation" fighters.

Short Range AAMs

Izdeliye 760

Highly modernised R-73/74

Izdeliye 300 / K-MD

New highly manouverable dogfight/missile defence AAM to be superior to AIM-9X/ASRAAM

Medium Range AAMs

Izdeliye 170-1

Initial modernised version of R-77 (Izdeliye 170)

Izdeliye 180

Second stage modernisation of R-77. Probably loses the lattice fin design in favour of conventional tail fins.

Izdeliye 180-PD

Long range version of 180, to complete with Meteor

Long Range AAMs

Izdeliyie 810

Based on the R-37/37M (Izdeliyie 610[M]) missile
Re: Current Russian AAM projects

No pictures have emerged so far. Information was presented at a GosNIIAS organised conference "Aviation Systems in XXI Century” by a speaker from Vympel.
Re: Current Russian AAM projects

What happened to the proposed replacement of the R-73 ... I think it was called K-30 ?!

Deino ???


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Re: Current Russian AAM projects

I believe it was too dependent on Ukraine-developed components. Ukrainian "Design Bureau Luch" revealed their work on it at Aviasvit-XXI show in 2003. It is possible that "K-MD" is derived from it.
Re: Current Russian AAM projects

Vympel plans to develop air-to-air missiles for Russia's PAK FA fighter
19-May-2006 Jane’s Missiles and Rockets

Russia's Vympel (Toropov) State Engineering Design Bureau Joint Stock Company (JSC) is developing advanced air-to-air missiles of short, medium and long range for use on the planned fifth-generation fighter (PAK FA), writes Yevgeniy Letunovsky. According to Vympel chief designer Gennady Sokolovsky, the new missiles are being designed for carriage within an internal weapons bay. Stowing the missiles in an internal bay helps to reduce a fighter's radar cross-section (RCS). The F-22 and F-35 incorporate weapons bays, and the PAK FA will be the first Russian fighter with this feature.

Sokolovsky said that the new missiles will incorporate advanced concepts in areas such as configuration, propulsion, guidance and warhead technology, and are intended to allow the PAK FA to win air superiority over Western aircraft such as the Lockheed Martin F-22 and F-35, and the Eurofighter Typhoon.

Under a reorganisation of the Vympel design bureau, Gennady Sokolovsky (who formerly had the dual role of both General Designer and General Director) now serves as General Designer. The General Director of the Vympel is Victor Rats, while Peter Vasilev is chief of the design department.

Another goal of the programme is to create missiles of all-Russian manufacture. Many current air-to-air missiles carried by Russian aircraft incorporate subsystems provided by manufacturers in countries such as Ukraine. For example, both current versions of the R-73 - the R-73K (fitted with the Krechet radar proximity fuze) and the R-73L (with the Yantar laser proximity fuze) - are based on the Mayak-80 series of infrared (IR) seekers produced by the Arsenal State Kiev Enterprise in Ukraine, an autopilot produced by the Moscow-based AVIONIKA MNPK, and the RDTT-295 solid-propellant rocket motor developed by the ISKRA State Unitary Enterprise in Moscow.

For many years following the break-up of the former Soviet Union, political factors slowed work on creating improved R-73 variants. However, two interim models were produced - the K-74 (probably begun as izdeliye 740), with an improved Mayak-80M IR seeker operating at angles of +/-60ⅹ off boresight, and the K-74M (izdeliye 750) with an angle of +/-75ⅹ.

For the PAK FA, Vympel is developing two new missiles based on R-73/R-74 technology. The first of these is izdeliye 760. Based on the K-74M, this is intended to match the performance of the MBDA Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM) and the Raytheon AIM-9X Sidewinder. It will have an improved IR seeker, an inertial control system, a datalink receiver for target updates and an advanced rocket motor with a longer burn time. To make the missile suitable for internal carriage, its cross-section will be reduced to 320x320 mm.

To maximise the weapon's coverage, it can be fired in lock-on-after-launch (LOAL) mode, starting under inertial control before achieving in-flight lock-on. It will be able to engage targets up to 160ⅹ from the aircraft's heading.

According to a Vympel representative, izdeliye 760 is about to begin flight tests. Development is due to be completed in 2010.

The follow-on K-MD (izdeliye 300) is intended to outperform the ASRAAM and AIM-9X. Although it will draw on the experience gained with the R-73/R-74 series, for most practical purposes it will be an all-new missile.

Its guidance system will be based on a new IR seeker incorporating a focal-plane array (FPA). This will have more than twice the lock-on range of the izdeliye 760 seeker, a high resistance to countermeasures and a target-recognition capability.

Russian air-to-air missile programmes have been slow to adopt FPA technology, which is already used in 'dogfight' missiles such as the AIM-9X, ASRAAM, the Diehl BGT Defence IRIS-T and Rafael's Python-4 and Python-5. Russian work in this field is still at an early stage.

The reason for this time lag is essentially historical - until now, the IR seekers for the R-73/74 series and other Russian short-range air-to-air missiles were developed by Arsenal in Kiev.

According to Peter Vasilev, chief of the Vympel design department, several Russian companies are candidates for the task of creating a state-of-the-art FPA-based seeker. Obvious candidates are the Geophizika JSC or GNPP Impulse companies, but the Azovskii Optiko-Mekhanicheskii Zavod (AOMZ) recently announced that it planned to work on advanced seeker technology.

Geophizika was responsible for the 36T IR seeker for the R-27T air-to-air missile, and for semi-active laser seekers such as the 24N1 used on the KH-29L and KH-25L air-to-surface missiles, and the 27N for KAB-500L and-1500L laser-guided bombs, while AOMZ manufactured all three. GNPP Impulse (formerly known as NII-504) has developed various types of semi-active laser and TV seekers.

The new missile will have an improved aerodynamic configuration of minimal drag, and will be powered by a dual-mode solid-rocket engine with a high specific impulse and a total burn time of about 100 seconds. The R-73 used a system of four moving thrust-vector control vanes mounted around the motor nozzle. For the K-MD, Vympel has developed what it described as 'a three-channel gas-dynamic control unit (gas control vanes)'. An adaptive warhead will provide optimised lethal effects to suit the final interception conditions.

Development of the K-MD is expected to end in 2013, giving the PAK FA a 'dogfight' weapon of much-increased range, all-round coverage and the ability to engage aircraft or missile targets.

To provide the aircraft with a medium-range and long-range armament, new missiles will be developed based on the current R-77 and R-73 respectively. As with the short-range weapon, this will be an evolutionary process, starting with improved variants and moving towards what will eventually become an all-new missile.

The use of internal carriage for all three classes of missile, and for the aircraft's air-to-surface weapons, will require the use of a new pattern of launcher able to catapult the round out of the aircraft's weapons bay. Two versions are planned. The UVKU-50L lightweight launcher is intended to carry missiles weighing up to 300 kg. Heavier weapons weighing up to 700 kg will be carried on the UVKU-50U universal launcher.
Re: Current Russian AAM projects

Izdeliye 180-PD
Long range version of 180, to complete with Meteor

So is this the RVV-AE-PD , The Ramjet variant of the R-77 ??
Re: Current Russian AAM projects

Seems that "Luch" is persevering with the "K-30" design?
On the past of 8-12 June to exhibition [AVIASVIT] (Kiev, ukr.), [GosKKB] “ray”, which was being occupied earlier by the creation of electrical steering drives for the aviation, anti-aircraft, antitank missiles, torpedoes, guided missiles, presented new development. This is the project OF [UR] of class “air-to-air” of close dogfight. For a while back (2002 g.) enterprise demonstrated the drawing of certain “future rocket” () and steering drive PR -611 for it with combined type of the executing agency of – by flat controls and gas-dynamic control ().

According to advertising materials, highly maneuverable [UR] of class “the air-to-air” of close dogfight with IR [GSN], noncontact RL by the sensor of the target of mm- range and guided thrust vector of engine is intended for the interception of the highly maneuverable targets at any time of twenty-four hours, in PPS and [ZPS], against the background the earth, sky and aqueous surface, in the simple and adverse weather conditions.

Rocket is intended for the inclusion in the composition of the armament of the aircraft of front aviation, in such cases of fighters, front bombers and attack aircraft.

The aerodynamic configuration of – is normal. Wing of low spans and by long onboard chord. In the shown simplified mock-up is established BY [IGS] lighthouse -80 (MK-80), production of Kiev enterprise “arsenal”, that was being used on the rockets of the type R -73.

Height of the medium/of target, m of – 20… 20000
Velocity of medium, km/h of – 650… 2500
Target speed (not more), km/h of – 2700
G-force of target, g of – 0… 12
Height difference (vertical separation) of the target above (hearth) medium, m of – 0… 5000
Bearings of the target designation of coordinator, deg. - +/- 60
Launching range (max./min.):
Head on,km 20/0,3
Tailchase,km 40/0,65
Crossing,km 15/0,6
Time of controlled flight, 25s
Length: 2.5m (approx)
Diameter: 170mm


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Pictures from Ken Duffey on Key forum


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According to Andrei Fomin, the Ukrainian AAM by Luch has been flight tested on a MiG-29, and is called Gran'. Luch is the factory which has produced R-27 AAMs for many years and has exported many to China and India.
I sincerely doubt whether they have access to the newest kind of seeker arrays the new western fighters use. But if its cheap enough and even 80% as capable, they have a massive export success on their hands.
Jane's has a brief article about the Gran. Here the non-subscriber version:

Ukraine's Luch displays Gran short-range air-to-air missile
During the AVIASVIT-XXI exhibition held in Kiev, Ukraine, on 8-12 June 2006, the Luch State Design Bureau showed a mockup of its proposed Gran (Verge) short-range air-to-air missile, writes Yevgeniy Letunovsky

[Jane's Missiles and Rockets - first posted to - 04 August 2006]
Hi, friends, who can tell me that has KS-172 missile ever flew?? ??? or only a model being airshow?
overscan said:
According to Andrei Fomin, the Ukrainian AAM by Luch has been flight tested on a MiG-29, and is called Gran'. Luch is the factory which has produced R-27 AAMs for many years and has exported many to China and India.

Paul, the factory that have been building R-27 during all these years is Artem at Kiev, Luch is a design bureau, don't know if they have the extensive facilities to build missiles at big scale.
Always nice to learn something new :)

Luch also do the test&calibration systems (BITE) for different soviet/russian air-to-air, air-to-surface and torpedo delivering rockets. The last one is called "Gurt".
If the images are to be believed (and they are different from the R-73 and R-77 images), these would appear to basically be new models of the R-73 and R-77. Which isn't a bad thing, as it lets the PAK-FA designers craft the internal weapons bays around known dimensions.
They look like Deep Upgrades to existing missile , more of a trying to keep at pace with ROW.

From previous reports , the RSA-MD was suppose to be AIM-120C7 equivalent and RSA-MD AIM-9X/Python-4 equivalent.

medal64 said:
Source : Russia & CIS Observer
Date : 17 June 2007
Author : Piotr Butowski

Russia's new-generation PAK FA fighter — being developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau — will have not only feature a new airframe, radar, avionics and engines. It also will be equipped with new-generation weapons that are being evolved in two parallel paths: the continued modernization of existing missiles with stepped improvement of their capabilities; and the design of next-generation weapons.

GosMKB Vympel, Russia's leading air-to-air missile design bureau, is busy evolving a full spectrum of missiles for the PAK FA, ranging from short-range weapons to long-range variants. In 2010, Vympel expects to complete its development of the short-range Izdeliye 760 missile — which is a significantly modernized version of the R-73 weapon, outfitted with an inertial flight control system and course correction receiver, improved rocket engine and with new multi-mode infrared seeker. The Izdeliye 760 is expected to be a close counterpart to the Western-built ASRAAM and Sidewinder AIM-9X missiles.

Three years later, the new-generation K-MD short range missile (also to be designated the Izdeliye 300) is to be operational. When compared to Izdeliye 760, the new missile will have longer range and will be capable of being launched from any direction; it will be also more resistant to jamming. The K-MD will be fitted with a new imaging infrared seeker enabling identification of target according to memorized images. The seeker's lock-on range will be two times greater than the seeker for the Izdeliye 760 missile. A new adaptive warhead will be introduced, and the missile's control will be performed with aerodynamic surfaces, as well as a thrust-vector engine nozzle.

Russia's most modern medium-range air-to-air missile is the R-77 (Izdeliye 170) and its export derivative RVV-AE (Izdeliye 190). A phased modernization of this weapon, designated the K-77-1 (Izdeliye 170-1), is now being tested. In addition, the K-77M (Izdeliye 180) missile is currently under development as a second step in the R-77's modernization. The most visible change in the Izdeliye 180's external appearance compared to the R-77/RVV-AE is replacement of its latticework fins by more common flat aerodynamic control planes. This reduces aerodynamic drag and cuts down on the radar cross-section. The missile will be fitted with a modernized active radar seeker and new double pulse solid-propellant engine. Its maximum range will be 2-3.5 times more than the Izdeliye 170 (R-77) missile, depending on the launch altitude. The Izdeliye 180 is expected to be better than the AMRAAM AIM-120C7 missile, and equal to its successor versions, with a service-ready date targeted for 2010.

A future medium-range air-to-air missile as a follow-on to the Izdeliye 180 also is in development, but no additional information has yet to be released about this weapon.

Russia is the only country developing ultra-long range air-to-air missiles able of reach targets at distances of up to 400 km. Two such missiles are competing to be a basic weapon on the PAK FA fighter: the Izdeliye 172 (K-100) from Novator, and the Izdeliye 810 from Vympel.

All air-to-air weapons on the PAK FA (including the largest Izdeliye 172 missile) are designed to be carried in the aircraft's internal weapons bay. To allow these weapons to be deployed from the internal bay, Vympel is designing two types of ejection release units capable of carrying 300 kg and 700 kg loads.

The PAK FA also is expected to carry its basic complement of air-to-ground weapons internally. These include the modernized Kh-58Ush long-range anti-radiation missile, the newly-developed Kh-36 short-range anti-radiation missile, the new short-range electro-optical Kh-38 missile, as well as the UAB-250 and KAB-500M guided bombs. Heavier weapon types will be carried on the aircraft's external pylons.
"Izdeliye 760 missile — which is a significantly modernized version of the R-73 weapon, outfitted with an inertial flight control system and course correction receiver"

Midcourse guidance on an R-73? That's an amusing concept.
SOC said:
"Izdeliye 760 missile — which is a significantly modernized version of the R-73 weapon, outfitted with an inertial flight control system and course correction receiver"

Midcourse guidance on an R-73? That's an amusing concept.

Why does it amuse you? A datalink is being added to the AIM-9X.
Amusing as in it'll suprise the hell out of someone. The R-73 is still no joke in the WVR department, even if it has been superceded technologically by the likes of the AIM-9X and Python 5. Couple it with midcourse guidance and the Su-35 or T-50's IRST set and you're going to make some people sweat.
I thought I'd bring this back up to the surface - given that we now have pictures (and some stats) for the RVV-BD.

I have a couple of quick questions to discuss:
- Has there been any mention of an Infra-Red terminal homing version?
- Also, how big a limitation is the <8G target (presumably as a result of the conventional control system and large size) - In other words, is the PAK-FA built around a weapon system that many fighters can out turn?

Speaking of the RVV-BD...


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Colored the R-37 a bit, and added the two R-33s for comparison. The R-33S appears to use similar wings to the R-37.


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Sean, R-37 and RVV-BD nose cones have *dramatically* different shape. Check photos! ;)
Yeah yeah yeah. I'm working on it. Everything else is ridiculously simple compared to accurately modeling a curved nosecone shape.

note cone increased length as well
It appears to be a bit longer, but not necessarily as much as you think. That's a bad image, with a little bit of fisheye effect going on to skew the airframe. Besides, it can't be significantly longer: the dimensions in the brochure don't indicate such (although we don't have "official" R-37 specs to reference), and it can't be physically much bigger to still fit under the MiG-31BM which it appears optimized for, with the folding upper rear fins as on the R-33 and R-33S. To fit this thing in an internal bay you'll want all four sets of fins to fold.

Working on fixing the nosecone, the illustration was prepared before I'd seen any images of the RVV-BD without the red nose cover.
SOC said:
It appears to be a bit longer, but not necessarily as much as you think.
cone is longer in relation to total lenght in comparison to R-33/R-37 (not a guess)
SOC said:
To fit this thing in an internal bay you'll want all four sets of fins to fold.
This RVV-BD is not for PAK FA.
SOC said:
Working on fixing the nosecone, the illustration was prepared before I'd seen any images of the RVV-BD without the red nose cover.
nice results then!


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That image highlights one of the problems: I had the mid-body wings a bit too large spanwise. This seems to be a bit better, with a reprofiled nosecone for the R-37. Looking at the weapons underneath the MiG-31M prototypes, their nosecones are "blunter" than the RVV-BD.


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Brochure for Ukrainian Gran' AAM by Luch (


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I thought I'd suggest moving this thread to the 'missile projects' subforum from the aerospace forum (given that only two of the projects mentioned seem likely to meet the light of day)? It might make the thread easier to find.

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