PANNAP - Panavia New Aircraft Project


ACCESS: Top Secret
Senior Member
12 July 2006
Reaction score
“Der Flieger” 5/1978 asked on page 189 “is this the new lightweight fighter Panavia 190 ‘Spitwulf’ with a RB.199 engine, designed for a top speed of Mach 2.2”? Only the length of the aircraft was given – 12 metres.

I sent the two-view drawing to Tony Buttler, Mike Pryce and jemiba. “It looks like a magazine’s idea of some ‘rumoured’ project” was the essence of their answers. Meanwhile I see it that way. Probably it’s just a fake. Nevertheless Panavia worked on a PANNAP (Panavia New Aircraft Project) single-engine design (BAC P.61?). This could be an influence to the “Spitwulf” fake.

Does anybody know something about the P.61?


  • Panavia 190 Spitwulf.GIF
    Panavia 190 Spitwulf.GIF
    83.8 KB · Views: 780
The same from " Aviation Magazine ":the intakes are from the F 104 S ! and the canard surfaces from the Lancer !(no canard at all )


  • s1p3HN.jpg
    36.1 KB · Views: 523
Rolls-Royce single RB.199 fighter concept


  • Rolls-Royce-RB.199-Fighter.jpg
    71.4 KB · Views: 458
Flight International, 4/10/73: Pannap
"Panavia's declared policy not to restrict its interest to MRCA was emphasised at the 1970 SBAC Show by its then chairman, Mr Allen Greenwood of BAC, when he disclosed that the three-nation industrial organisation was studying an advanced lightweight fighter to be known as Pannap (Panavia New Aircraft Project). The project was, and is, primarily aimed at satisfying various operational requirements of Britain and Germany for a 1980s-style light fighter. The prime requirement is air superiority with a secondary ground-attack role. Few of the parameters have hardened since that time, but the project is known to revolve around a single-seat fixed-wing layout, with a single, advanced version of the Turbo-Union RB.199, giving up to 20,000 lb thrust.

The design is a logical follow-on from the AA-107 scheme proposed several years ago to Australia (which was to have been powered by an Adour). The aircraft is not designed to compete with the Cobra or Lightweight Fighter programmes proposed in America, and its timescale will be probably further away."

My memory is a shrunk single-seat (to be Tornado). Panavia GmbH was an administrative office with no money; its owners and Customer invited designers to stick to their knitting and build the contracted type NOW please. FIAT, MBB and BAC explored other products until MRCA success was evident; Govts. then inserted CASA, melded their 1978-onwards agility schemes, and funded EF2000.
Last edited:
Remarkably 'Lavi-like' that RR concept.
There was also a Chinese drop glider from that era that matches that RR design almost exactly.
New Fighter Study
Panavia has funded a preliminary design of a smaller aircraft than the MRCA using the Turbo Union RB.199 engine. Although the design and feasibility studies of this aircraft, called Panap, are virtually complete, Panavia is guarded about its future.

Panap would be a light strike fighter and trainer with good export potential. Export markets also are being sought for the MRCA, with Australia currently leading in the list of potential customers, and Japan and Canada also are possibilities. Depending on the political situation, India could join this list.

In two years the basic design task of the MRCA will be completed and Europe will be hard—pressed to keep the design team together and its expertise in a state of development unless another fighter project is approved. At least 3,000 design engineers and technicians are employed on MRCA in Germany, Great Britainand ltaly.

AWST 24 April 1972
Parametric studies are almost complete on the proposed Panavia Panap air superiority fighter, and a formal proposal to the British, West German and Italian governments is expected shortly. Planned engine is the Rolls-Royce/Turbo Union RB.199 now being developed for the multi-role combat aircraft. Several configurations for the Panap have been studied.

AWST 26 March 1973

Meanwhile, the West German govemment is not expected to support the proposed Panavia 100 Panap air-superiority fighter, on which parametric studies have been performed (AW&ST Mar. 26, p. 9). German position is that all Panavia efforts should be on MRCA.The Panap proposal is largely a British
initiative, and has exacerbated disagreement between the U. K. and Germany over subcontract distribution.
AWST 16 April 1973
Last edited:
MRCA Consortium Planning Family of Miltary Aircraft

Farnborough-Three major European companies will design a strike fighter/trainer as the first step in a sweeping plan to develop a family of military aircraft concepts for both domestic and export markets.

The initial design is called Pannap, for Panavia new aircraft project, and is a follow-on to Panavia’s multi-role combat aircraft (MRCA). Shareholders in Panavia are British Aircraft Corp., Fiat and Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm.

Other companies, including those from the U.S., could be invited to participate in the design studies, which might be extended across the full spectrum of fighter sizes and weights.

The first aircraft in the study will be designed around the Rolls-Royce RB.199 engine—the powerplant in the MRCA. The final design will be an amalgamation of BAC’s Project 107 and Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm’s Project ALF-3, with inputs from Fiat and perhaps from Italy’s Aeronautica
Macchi. BAC and Macchi already have a joint trainer agreement (AW&ST Sept. 7, p. 53). The Pannap design will be configured basically as a single-seat,
single-engine fighter with the additional capability of an advanced trainer.

A. H. C. Greenwood, Panavia chairman and deputy managing director of BAC, said here that Panavia’s shareholders will finance this initial design work with company funds. He pointed out that, after an analysis, a gap was found to exist for a light fighter aircraft. He said the design could incorporate variable geometry or a fixed thin wing. The new European project essentially will be a pre-definition analysis involving computer, wind tunnel and some stress work. The study will cost about $2 million and will be completed in about 18 months. The result will be an off-the-shelf design with either higher or lower performance than the basic fighter.

Panavia has decided that a light fighter aircraft of 10,000-15,000 Ib. is the most striking gap in the existing and near future western air force inventories. In addition, the international company has nearly frozen the design of the MRCA and does not want to disband the team that worked on this aircraft.

Greenwood said that the expansion of Panavia follows the original plan that it is not a one-project company. The major question mark in Pannap, as well as in the MRCA, is the financial backing the Italian government will provide to Fiat and Aeritalia—the newly consolidated Italian aerospace company. Britain and West Germany have made formal the decision to move into the MRCA prototype phase with the construction of ten aircraft. Italy has asked for more time to consider its participation, and Greenwood said “there will be no real difficulty” on the Italian position until the end of this year. He also said the Italian government decision on MRCA will not affect Pannap.

Pannap represents the first time in the post-World War 2 period that a German company is investing more than token funds of its own in a project. The West German government recently told its aerospace industry that it will have to depend less on government support than it has in the past (AW&ST Aug. 31, p. 19).

AWST 14 September 1970
Were any of these designs tendered for the requirement put forward for what would eventually become Typhoon?
Were any of these designs tendered for the requirement put forward for what would eventually become Typhoon?

I don't think so. PANAP was concluded in the mid 1970s or so. The precursor of Eurofighter was ECA which was based on a late 1977 agreement between the defense ministers of West Germany, Britain and France.

Similar threads

Top Bottom