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Other ASCC/ASIC/US DoD Reporting Names

Grey Havoc

The path not taken.
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Tieback = Soviet Air Defence Forces (V-PVO) GCI/EW system. In effect the top tier of the overall Soviet strategic IADS.
-Markham = Lazur Semiautomatic Datalink. Key component of Tieback. Came in a number of different variants.
 

Grey Havoc

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Flat Box-A/Flat Box-B = Ranging only radar found on a number of Soviet/Russian short range air defence vehicles such as the SA-9 (initially battery commanders vehicles only) and SA-13.
Hat Box = Passive radar detection/ELINT system found on a number of Soviet/Russian vehicles including the SA-9 and SA-13. When first introduced it was initially misidentified by Western analysts as a datalink antenna system for importing early warning and target cueing information from friendly battlefield radars such as the B-76 (Gun Dish).
Please note that a number of post-Cold War sources have conflated the Flat Box and Hat Box systems.

Gun Dish = Also known as B-76. Target acquisition and fire control J/K band radar system, Soviet designation RPK-2. Found primarily on the ZSU-23-4 Shilka SPAAG. Also seen on some SA-9s replacing Flat Box, these examples were apparently issued to elite units/formations such as Guards Divisions.
 

Grey Havoc

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Sky Watch = NATO codename for the Soviet Mars-Passat ship mounted passive phased array radar and computerised battle management system. This was intended for installation on various major warship projects from the second half of the 1980s onwards, including the fourth ship (originally named Baku) of the Kiev-class heavy aircraft cruisers (as an operational testbed for the system, though it seems likely to have been the original intention for the other members of the class to retrofitted with the system eventually, and/or as standard in the case of projected further units of the class), the Riga (later Kuznetsov) class heavy aircraft cruisers (classified in the west as multi-role aircraft carriers), and the Ulyanovsk-class supercarriers. The system has been occasionally confused in the post-Cold War era with the contemporary Sigma system (in turn not to be confused with the 1960s era submarine navigation system), which was a Soviet counterpart to western combat information systems such as NTDS. Mars-Passat has sometimes been (somewhat incorrectly) compared to the old (but capable even by 1980s standards, if a bit cranky) US SCANFAIR phased array system, most notably found on the Long Beach-class heavy cruiser. 'Red Aegis' is a nickname for Mars-Passat that has been mostly used in the post-Cold War era. Development of the system began around 1980 under the Kvant OKB, but was ultimately derailed by the increasing chaos of the Gorbachev era, leading to most work on the system having been effectively shelved by early 1989. The Admiral Gorshkov (ex-Baku) had already been commissioned in December of 1987 with concrete slabs in place of her phased arrays in an attempt to hide the serious delays in the Mars-Passat program from western navies and other observers. A similar ruse was used with the Tbilisi (Admiral Kuznetsov) upon her commissioning in 1990.
 
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