- 19 December 2006
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In an effort to develop a long- range (25 miles) active homing air-to-air missile system the ORIOLE project was established in 1947. In 1948, the project was stopped as a missile project but allowed to continue as a guidance development program. However, it was soon discovered that this was not practical, and a small- scale design study of the missile and guidance was carried on. In 1950, the ORIOLE was reactivated as a research test vehicle. The program came to NAMTC the same year and in October 1951 was re designated as an experimental air -to -air missile. By the time the ORIOLE began its test program, the specifications had been redefined to a missile capable of use against targets at ranges of five nautical miles, such targets to be capable of speeds up to Mach 0.9 . The flight test program involved fifty-six ORIOLE plus three dummy missile launches. In addition, NAMTC performed roll balance tests ( to determine the magnitude of the rolling moments that were encountered during launching) , restrained firings and ignition shock tests , missile break- up theoretical studies, aerodynamic evaluations of the airframe, and environmental evaluations.
View: https://flic.kr/p/2oZyitcEd Dempsey said:Martin XAAM-N-4 Oriole air to air missile, 1952 Martin Co. photo courtesy of Glenn L. Martin MD Aviation Museum, Baltimore, MD.
View: https://flic.kr/p/2oZAEfFEd Dempsey said:Martin XAAM-N-4 Oriole, an early air to air missile built by Martin, for USN, mounted on an F3D aircraft on 1/22/1952 for testing. MARTIN CO PHOTO Courtesy of Glenn L Martin MD Aviation Museum, Baltimore, MD.
View: https://flic.kr/p/2oZzd7gEd Dempsey said:Martin XAAM-N-4 Oriole, an early air to air missile testing in 1952. Martin Co. photo shows equipment to be removed from a previously modified B-17 aircraft for use in Oriole tests. Martin Photo courtesy of Glenn L Martin MD Aviation Museum, Baltimore, MD.
View: https://flic.kr/p/2oZzptzEd Dempsey said:A PO-1W, modified B-17 for use in Oriole air to air missile test as a test bed. Note Martin Company control tower in left background. 1952 Martin Co. photo courtesy of Glenn L Martin MD Aviation Museum, Baltimore, MD.