The answer is: Both are correct )OM wrote:
...I thought this was the Navy's 1970's attempt at a sub-launched manned space "fighter"? Is my IIRC shorting out again?
The Space Cruiser design was part of a study proposing basing a single-person non-pressurized (pilot wore a pressure suit the entire mission) vehicle capble of being boosted into LEO by a booster based on a sub-launched ICBM. There was of course a few "issues" with this proposition, not having enough room in the tube to mount the SC on the booster being one The designer, Fred W. Redding Jr. got further funding from DARPA once the Navy lost interest in the concept towards expanding the capabilities and possible missions for the basic "Space Cruiser" design. By 1989 the design had been refined and the entire concept renamed as "Spaceplane Technology and Research" or "STAR" with various test programs and missions based around the basic Space Cruiser design for a hypersonic manuverable reentry vehicle and missions throughout cis-Lunar space!
Concepts ranged from air-launched RBCC-hypersonic research work, satellite rendevous/inspection/repair activites and even coupling one or more Space Cruisers to a Centuar stage for missions to the Moon!
All in all some really, REALLY interesting stuff!