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Latin American aircraft

pegasus

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I'd strongly recommend to impose and maintain a clear distinction/separation between crewed aircraft and uncrewed air vehicles (i.e. drones) in this thread for clearer/easier separation of search results and technical accomplishments.
the thread is all about aircraft industry , manned and unmanned aircraft from Latin America, consider it goes from Mexico to Argentina and there are more than 15 countries and more than 600 million people, but only Brazil has a well developed industry and Argentina, Chile and Mexico have decent but limited capabilities

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the VT-15 an all electric Brazilian UAV
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martinbayer

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Since this thread seems to focus on built (crewed as well as uncrewed) aircraft, shouldn't it then be over in the Aerospace section rather than here in the Postwar Aircraft Projects section?
 

pegasus

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an old and probably dead program from Argentina ADS-201-PETREL JET
 

pegasus

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another Drone from Argentina a multipurpose the ADS 101 STRIX
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pegasus

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At the end of 1976, they discovered new oil fields in the Mexican seas, which increased oil reserves, making Mexico one of the largest producers of crude oil in the world, so the defense perspective had to be analyzed and adapted to New interests and resources discovered.
In this situation, Mexico accelerated the modernization of its Armed Forces of Air, Land and Sea, reconsidering the offers received and seeking worldwide resources more limited to the level of protection sought. By mid-1977 the FAM was inclined to two aircraft; The FUGA Magister of French design. Kfir C-2 of Israeli manufacture, ideal to reactivate the 200 Air Squadron of the Seventh Fight Jet Air Group with which many military problems could be solved, as well as taking a great technological leap at all levels, at that time the The price of one of these devices was estimated at approximately six million dollars.

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Within this equipment scheme, Pilatus PC-7 aircraft were finally acquired in Switzerland with the triple function of trainers / ground support / interior security from 1978. First with the training squadron of the Military Aviation School in Zapopan , Jalisco that uses AT-6 and then in the other Air Squadrons that used T-28 leaving the FUGA Master on the road.
One of the options considered for the hunting weapon during the last years of the decade of the recent era the Military Sales program of the United States Government, for the purchase of an Air Squadron of fighter jets and of all the logistic apparatus and training around them, envisioning the possibility of equipping 26 Northrop F-5E / F devices that will form an Air Group, but since in 1977 President James Carter decreed Presidential Directive 13 (PD-13) with the intention of that the transfer of arms is directly linked to improving the security interests of the United States and closely linked them to the human rights records of recipient recipients, this first request was rejected in 1979.
This directive imposed limits on the amount of money from sales and prohibited the United States from introducing armaments that are more sophisticated than those that already exist in it, limits the production of armaments that were developed exclusively for export and put many others limitations Many analysts point out that Carter's presidency was inconsistent in the application of PD-13, as he received great opposition even within his own administration. While President Carter banned aircraft sales in Latin America, he proposed one of the largest aircraft sales in Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt in the spring of 1978, policies a clear example of the inconsistencies in his policies.
Thus, the FAM, returned to its first option, the Israeli-made supersonic multipurpose fighter jet Kfir C-2 according to the proposal presented by the Israeli government, even visiting its representatives during the month of January of 1980 to study the sale of twenty-four of these aircraft, with the possibility of carrying out the assembly of these aircraft in Mexican territory and becoming a production platform for possible sales in Latin America. In Boeing 727, the Mexican Air Force travels to Israel and two pilots, Group General Javier Velarde Quintero and Captain Alberto Esquinca Gurrusquieta, test flights on the plane.

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The Kfir plane, which was a much improved evolution of a Mirage 5 cell, which presented a noticeable increase in the performance of the Mirages of French origin, largely due to the adoption of canard planes and a much more powerful engine, in this case a General Electric J79 axial flow turbojet.
The North American motor presented in itself an obstacle in the design of the Kfir that in the long run had not prevented its arrival in Mexico, this being the engine the cause of the restriction for its sale to third countries, since it is being equipped with an engine North American, for the sale of the airplanes it was necessary to request authorization from the Department of American State, which had not granted the re-export license of the J-79 engines, nor to finalize a compensation agreement for General Electric. This lack of compensation was the main obstacle for the Kfir not to arrive in Mexico, as simple as that, neither Bucareli's non-existent treaty nor conspiracies are the causes.

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For its part, the Ministry of National Defense, knowing that other countries such as Argentina could not obtain the aircraft, caused the collapse of the Mexican acquisition, which in any way had not ceased its interest in Northrop's light hunting.


In the light of the years it is very likely that the Israeli company, not obtaining authorization for the sale of the J-79 engine, has offered the FAM as it did to Argentina a plane like the Nesher that was a transition version developed from Mirage V with different modifications, low avionics and reduced capacity for daytime attack and no radar, which contrasted with the performance of a new aircraft such as the F-5E and that totally inclined the purchase option to the Northrop plane .
It is noteworthy that what Mexico and Argentina did not achieve, Ecuador would achieve it since it began operating the Kfir in its Air Force as of March 1982, most likely authorizing the importation of the US engine as a reaction to the purchase of Soviet equipment by Peru.
With the change in the US administration, in January 1981, the Government of President Reagan saw arms transfers in a very different way than his predecessor, considering them as an essential element of his global policy and consequently revoking many of the limitations imposed by the PD-13, so the Mexican government began negotiations with Northrop Aircraft Co. for the acquisition of twelve F-5E / F aircraft in 1981.


http://mexicoaeroespacial.com.mx/2019/08/21/cuando-mexico-queria-el-kfir/

— Mexico’s Defense Minister, Gen. Felix Lopez, arrived in Israel yesterday at the head of a 16-member delegation including the deputy chief of staff and senior army officers, as guests of Premier Menachem Begin. During his six days here Lopez will be discussing with Defense Ministry officials the possible purchase of Israeli-designed and produced Kfir fighter planes.

Israel has for some years been seeking foreign buyers for the Kfir, already in service with the Israel Air Force for several years. But sales have long been blocked by American refusal to grant licences for the use of the U.S.-made jet engines which power the aircraft. Agreement to allow their sale as part of the Kfir to Mexico and other countries was granted some months ago.

Australia was at one time interested in the Kfir but withdrew, reportedly under Arab pressure and the urging of the U.S. aircraft manufacturers.

Hints at a possible purchase by Mexico were seen in welcoming remarks by Deputy Defense Minister Mordechai Zipori and Lopez. Zipori hailed Mexico as a “great, free, democratic and independent country, free from pressures by oil states and the great powers.” Lopez replied that his visit had the full blessing of the Mexican President and should result in measures to the benefit of both countries.

Mexico has reportedly been interested in the Israeli-made plane for some time, as part of its program for re-equipping its air force. The Kfir is said to be competing with the American-made F-15E plane, for an order of 24 aircraft.

Mexico already has a number of Israeli-made aircraft and equipment, including the Arava and Westwind planes and electronic equipment.

Lopez is due to inspect the Kfir production line at the Israel Aircraft Industries factory Wednesday. His visit to Israel comes less than two weeks after that of Colombian Defense Minister Luis Carlos Camacho Levya, who also headed a delegation which came to inspect the Kfir fighter and discuss possible purchases.

https://www.jta.org/1981/01/13/archive/mexican-delegation-in-israel-to-discuss-possible-purchase-of-kfir
 
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pegasus

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One of the planes that caught the most attention during the Mexico Aerospace Fair 2019, was the P-400T Pegasus V3 prototype of the Oaxaca Aerospace Company. Unlike his brother presented in the same place two years ago this new model presents more refinements and a new and striking scheme of painting in green, in its modern and avant-garde design, with the license plate MX-01, but what I call more The attention to the visitors was to learn that it is the first aircraft designed and built with totally Mexican technology.
The fact that Mexico has a prototype of a plane built entirely in this country and that is also prepared for the flight test phases, is not a minor thing, especially when considering that the aerospace industry is in a consolidation stage as one of the most important economic sectors of the country since for example Mexico is already the sixth largest provider of aeronautical parts of the United States and the fourteenth worldwide; Mexico is today the third destination for attracting aerospace direct foreign investment projects, only behind the United States and the United Kingdom
Achieving a fully developed airplane in Mexico, by the hands of Mexicans and with its own technology in its entirety, is a dream shared by many people. Since the National Aircraft Construction Workshops closed their doors in the twenties of the last century, Mexico had not built, nor developed its own aeronautical designs. These workshops would produce planes of extraordinary quality and manufacturing that served in Mexican military aviation for many years, among its developments we can find the series “A”, “B”, “C”, “E”, “G” and "H"; the latter with notable technological advances. The nascent aeronautical industry in Mexico also made important advances in aeronautical engineering at that time, including a new propeller called "Anahuac", by its designer, Engineer Juan Guillermo Villasana, the propeller was used in several parts of the world, due to its aerodynamic stroke that revolutionized aerial technology.

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When combining the different specialties, it was possible to manufacture more and more elements, until reaching the entire airplane. Thus, it was achieved that a series "A" had an "Aztatl" engine manufactured in the National Workshops, "Anáhuac" propeller and a completely national fuselage. The “A” Series were successfully used in several tasks such as: the first air mail in the country, the first acrobatic maneuvers, the first night flight. Production started in 1917, did not stop until 1920, when its main promoter, the Carranza regime, ended.
Even so, the dream persisted in several Mexicans, one of them engineer Raúl Fernández, had the concern that Mexico did not produce its own aircraft, setting the goal of building a pilot training aircraft with technology developed in Mexico. This is how the Oaxaca Aerospace company was born, which presented a first Pegasus prototype at FAMEX 2015
In 2011 the young company began its design work, submitting the project to the National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) that supported with resources through the Program of Stimuli to Innovation (PEI) ”, achieving in 2013, the first prototype . Currently the prototype is in acceleration tests already on track and rudder tests, as well as slight rotations taking off the front wheel. The authorization of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC) to carry out the lifting tests of the aircraft is pending.
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Regarding the design of the two-seater aircraft, it seeks to match and improve the performance of the Grob or Pilatus in terms of performance, working on the change to composite material since the first development was entirely in aluminum and now they have fiberglass , but they are already very advanced to change that material to carbon fiber. The work included, among others, the construction of a larger engine and the inclusion of a retractable train.
In collaboration with the Aeronautical University in Querétaro (UNAQ), the company hopes to manufacture the fuselage with composite materials, and then give way to the integration of the technology of the first prototype with the design of the second. A very important advance in the project arose with the signing of the agreement with the Mexican Air Force in order to carry out scientific research, technological development and aeronautical and military innovation in aspects of design and engineering.

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The agreement was signed within the framework of the Mexico Aerospace Fair (FAMEX) 2017 and involves aircraft maintenance services, as well as the development and manufacture of ground and aeronautical support equipment in addition to patent registration advice.


The Pegasus plane includes a canard wing which allows the plane to maintain stability at low ground levels, it also stands out for the use of composite materials that offer lightness, compared to other aircraft. Only the wings are made of aluminum, a pusher propeller injected, two-seater in tandem seats, with cane controls in front, it is estimated that the plane reached about 500 kilometers per hour.


The first team (Pegasus PE-210) has added between 150 and 180 hours of flight, within a test program developed jointly with the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) where they have been checked -up to now- the steering systems of the rudder, power plant, brakes, propeller, rotations and high speed taxiing. With the first prototype you can adjust the details, so that a new plane the P-400T, is marketed. The aircraft - although it can be used in civil operations - is aimed at military operations such as training, observation, aerial surveillance, interception, coordination of air attack, among others. It is expected that this year the flight test phases of the aircraft will finally begin, which will allow the Mexican Air Force to evaluate it in the following months with a view to its eventual incorporation into its fleet.

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https://mexicoaeroespacial.com.mx/2019/08/19/el-avion-p-400t-pegasus-v3-un-avion-con-tecnologia-mexicana/
 
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NucK

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After CEA-308...

Anequim CEA-311, a Brazilian speedster built by students and researchers at Centro de Estudos Aeronáuticos - CEA, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI) Records:
- Speed over a 3 km course: 521.08 km/hr (281 knots);
- Speed over 15 km: 511.19 km/hr (276 knots);
- Speed over a 100 km closed course: 490.14 km/hr (265 knots);
- Speed over a 500 km closed course: 493.74 km/hr (267 knots);
- Climb performance: It climbed to 3,000 meters in 2 minutes 26 seconds.

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Beautiful YehH!
 

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pegasus

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Drone PAE-22365 from Argentina

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pegasus

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Oaxaca Aerospace P-400T prototype, this is the first aircraft made in Mexico with canards, a ducted fan and a small jet engine

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pegasus

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the mexican designed bladeless Drone

Edgar Herrera Vega created a prototype of a drone without propellers and with greater stability against the wind. With this he won the highest design and innovation award, a Red Dot.


“Normally drones have a very striking element in the center and four very small arms. I started to do an investigation and I realized that there was something that could be done in the design of the drones to take advantage of the air flow and that they had a more stable flight, that they were less dangerous and, at the same time, that they were more aesthetic ”.

Edgar, a graduate of the Master in Business of Technological Innovation from the Pan American University (UP), Guadalajara campus, researched a year to generate the design. He sent it to Singapore so that he could participate in the Red Dot Design Award in the category of "Design Concept", which brings together products that have not gone on the market.


“There is no economic stimulus to participate and win, but they make a book with all the winning projects and distribute them and that is the best way to make yourself known in the world of design, which is very difficult. I opened the doors a lot for the people I could talk to, with whom I would like to develop projects in the future, ”he said.

In 2016, the year in which he participated, the Red Dot Design Award had four thousand 698 applicants from 60 countries, of which only 6.1% were recognized and integrated into the publication mentioned.


Your drone uses a kind of turbines that propel the air down, so it can rise. In addition, it is hollow, which helps maintain stability in air currents. He and other professionals currently perfect the design. Your goal is to make it more accessible. Expect it to be over in a few years.

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https://www.informador.mx/tecnologia/Joven-tapatio-gana-premio-con-diseno-de-dron-sin-helices-20180218-0025.html
 
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"Eduardo IV",designed and builted in Bolivia, the only one of it's kind, two places, 160 HP Lycoming-Titan engine, 2014, is in Santa Cruz Bolivia.
 

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