Turkish Space Progam


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15 July 2020
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In a major milestone, Turkey on Tuesday unveiled its ambitious 10-year space road map that includes missions to the moon, sending Turkish astronauts to a scientific mission in space and developing internationally viable satellite systems.

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Unification of Satellite Production under a single Framework and Indigenous Satellite Development Programme​

In order to streamline satellite production activities and achieve efficient and effective management,
• Consolidate core skills that are relevant to satellite technologies and incorporate them in an excellence center,
• Perform effective resource management in line with the requirements in a centralized manner,
• Achieve the goal of self-sufficiency in space technologies with minimum resource possible.

Moon Programme​

Sending a Moon rover produced using indigenous technological capabilities to the Moon surface, and therefore,
• Gaining experience in launching technologies and deep space systems while accumulating heritage for already available indigenous space systems,
• Become one of the few nations that have reached the Moon and therefore upgrade the position of Turkey in the space area,
• Increase awareness about space in our country,
• Contribute to global science and technology through experiments performed on the rover platform.

Regional Positioning and Timing​

• Through establishing a regional positioning and timing system,
• Obtain independent positioning and timing skills,
• Increase the positioning and timing precision for our country and all countries in the region,
• Create a self-sufficient indigenous nuclei in positioning and timing technologies.

Access to Space and Space Port​

With the high-level goals of independently fulfilling the national demand for space vehicle and satellite launching, and creating a sustainable commercial system that serves international customers with surplus capacity;

• Developing critical technologies,
• Establishing a launching facility infrastructure

Space Weather Research​

It is aimed to create the scientific and technological infrastructure and know-how to ensure safety and sustainability of space missions, to raise national scientific competence in space weather and space science, and to contribute to universal science by increasing international cooperation of Turkey.

Forming Space Industry Ecosystem​

In order to increase the efficiency of Turkish space industry and maximizing the output with the dedicated resources, it is sought to
• Obtain and sustain the competence that is required to realize the Turkish National Space Programme,
• Achieve the export of national space technology and its products and services,
• Utilize the developed technologies in other areas and achieve their contribution to the welfare of society,
• and achieve high-quality human resources employment.

Turkish Astronaut and Scientific Mission​

Incentivize international cooperation and participation in scientific space studies for Turkish scientists by enabling their access to space, in order to;
• Provide opportunities to Turkish scientists for conducting research in space environment,
• Increase visibility of Turkey in space domain,
• Encourage new generations to work in space domain,
• Increase the interest in science and technology.

Observation and Tracking of Space Objects from Earth​

It is aimed to obtain space situational awareness through observation of active satellites, space debris, planets and other space objects from Earth, and therefore,

• Ensure safety of Turkish national assets in space,
• Obtain the skill to independently and with high precision model the orbits of Turkish satellites,
• Perform scientific studies aimed at planetary exploration and analysis of space objects.

Space Technology Development Zone​

It is intended to establish a Space technologies development Region in order to:
• incentivize the development of the national space industry ecosystem,
• increase the efficiency and agility of the national space industry,
• and increase the export capability of national space industry.
Delta-V Sounding rocket with hybrid propulsion
View: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9ryu4L7aPs

Roketsan sounding rocket with solid rocket engine
View: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ejhdoTiEL5E

SSB and Roketsan signed a contract for Micro Satellite Launch System (MUFS) Development Project. When the project is over, micro-satellites of 100 kilograms and below will be placed in the low-earth orbit with a height of at least 400 kilometers. Turkey, owned by the country of the world satellite launch, testing, will have gained the ability to produce infrastructure and bases.
The project covers the development and testing of the Micro Satellite Launch System, which can accommodate micro-satellites of 100 kilograms and below, with a height of at least 400 kilometers in the Low Earth Trajectory. Under the contract, Roketsan will develop the Micro Satellite Launch Vehicle and install the test / production facilities and launch base. Thus, Turkey has few countries in the world where satellite launch, testing, will have gained the ability to produce infrastructure and bases.

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Small Size GEO Satellite is a telecommunication satellite platform, which is capable of accommodating a wide range of commercial payloads and missions; from TV broadcasting to multimedia applications, internet access and mobile or fixed services in a wide range of frequency bands Small Size GEO Satellite's new, modular and flexible design, boosts global industry’s ability to play a significant role in commercial telecommunication satellites.

View: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YQWud0QBnQA&t=136s


CGI of Turkey's Mico Sattelite Launch Vehicle. Sitting on the left side is Dr. Umut Yiliz who works for NASA as a
Space Telecommunications Engineer.

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BAYKAR Chairman of the Board of Directors Selçuk Bayraktar:

We will launch our first satellite with Fergani in 2025.

What's new here is that we are developing low orbit constellations entirely with our own resources.

View: https://twitter.com/gdhdefence/status/1720718945949262322?t=RimLC2AQEit6cVWsAWtazA&s=19

Here's an article from 6 months ago about what this new company is working on:

Last August, Baykar CTO Selçuk Bayraktar announced the establishment of a new company called Fergani, capable of competing in the space field even with big names like SpaceX, founded by Elon Musk. We saw the first concrete steps taken before the end of their first year, as the Fergani Team Satellite Project was launched.

After last year’s Teknofest, Baykar Defense Technical Director Selçuk Bayraktar participated in a TV program and shed light on the future of the company, pointing to space. Indeed, the future of aviation and technology lies here.

Of course, we can say that the company started with hand-launched aerial vehicles, followed by the 650 kg Bayraktar TB2 and then the 6-ton Akıncı, which means they are making solid progress. We know that the next target is the development of the unmanned fighter jet project MIUS/Kızılelma in the next 15-year period.

Fergani, Baykar's SpaceX Rival, Launches Ambitious Team Satellite Project for 2024

However, the company seems to be turning its face to space in the near future, if not entirely. As Selçuk Bayraktar stated that they founded a new space and aviation company called Fergani and that they could compete with big companies like SpaceX in some areas and also work together with their projects. Indeed, the first project emerged before the end of the announcement year.

The Team Satellite Project, developed by Fergani, a subsidiary of Baykar, has rolled up its sleeves for the satellites to be developed within Baykar using domestic resources, including subsystems. It was revealed that the first test satellite is planned to be launched in 2024. Right after that, we may see many experimental satellites. However, Fergani will not just produce and send satellites into space. So, what can we expect?

What will Fergani do?​

Fergani will initially start developing low Earth orbit satellite systems. Here, like SpaceX’s Starlink satellite internet company, it will focus on transporting small-sized satellites to LEO orbits (160 km – 2,000 km).

(Machine translation):

P.S. the Abbreviation in the title that was mistranslated as "Feeling" actually stands for "Hybrid Propulsion System".


The rocket carried the said "Hybrid Prop. System" which is to be used on the mission profile shown below:

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Türkiye’s first domestically developed and produced communications satellite, Türksat 6A, has completed its production and testing phases and has moved onto the shipping and packaging stage, a top official said Sunday, adding that it is due to be dispatched to the U.S. on June 4, before its planned space launch.

"We plan to launch it to its position in space in the second week of July with the Falcon 9 rocket belonging to SpaceX," noted Uraloğlu.

"Under the project, TÜBITAK Space produced the satellite management subsystem, orbit control subsystem, power subsystem, electric propulsion subsystem, interface control units and communication payload of Türksat 6A," he noted.

"C2Tech manufactured all telemetry, telecommand and ranging subsystems, from telemetry/signal transmitter to telecommand receiver, and from omnidirectional receiver antenna to receiver test adapter locally and nationally," he outlined.

He added that Aselsan was involved in manufacturing Türkiye's antenna, receiver, INET and payload interface unit, bringing Türksat 6A to this stage, while TUSAŞ, he said, was responsible for the design and installment of structural and thermal systems. He said the firm produced the satellite's structural and battery panels and assembled them onto the satellite.

The minister pointed out that Türksat 6A, which will ensure the redundancy of existing satellites, will significantly increase Türkiye's satellite capacity. The satellite will be positioned at 35,786 kilometers (22,236 miles) in a geocentric orbit and has a 7.5 kilowatts (kW) power capacity.

Looks like it's on the way.
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We placed TÜRKSAT 6A into its new orbit in the equatorial plane with the third firing we carried out today between 10:04 - 10:11!
In the orbit we obtained with the last ignition, the satellite completes a tour around the earth in 39.7 hours.

In the screen recording we shared, you can watch the instantaneous tracking of the chemical propulsion system's measurements, thanks to the software we developed locally, and observe that the system proceeds smoothly from the beginning to the end of the ignition.

View: https://x.com/tubitakuzay/status/1812564279020683668

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