Various Czechoslovak aircraft

hesham

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Hi,

here is Aero A.10 light transport aircraft.
 

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Hood

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Here is some data I got from a website some time ago.

P.14 7.89m span, speed about 630mph, 1x MK108 30mm

P.4 single-seat advanced trainer 7.62m span, 1x Argus As 10c piston driving a tractor propeller, provision for one 7.92mm MG in wing and light bombs. In appearance it loked very much like a mini FW190. I think it flew in 1944 but I'm not entirely sure.

Also some data on the Aero 304/404.

Aero A.304/404 1936 span 19.20m, length 13.20m height 3.40m and wng area 46m2, A.304 2x360hp Walter Pollux IIR piston engines or A.404 430hp Walter Super Castor I-MR, max speed 199mp, range 560 miles. The armament of the A.404 was 2x7.9mm MG in nose and dorsal mounts and bombs. The A.304 carried 2crew + 10 passengers and the A.304 3 crew.

Sorry I have no pictures to add.
 

hesham

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Hi red admiral,

from CKD-Praga aircraft:

E-46 sport aircraft,with shoulder wing,Project was derivative from E-114.
 

hesham

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from Czechoslovakia,

Skoda P-2 :two seat advanced trainer biplane.
 

Cy-27

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Eugen (Eugene) Čihák Rapid (1912)

One of the first pioneer designers of Czech aviation, Eugen (Eugene) Čihák was born on May 31, 1885 in Vinkovič in Croatia in what is now Yugoslavia. His father Ing.František Čihák worked in the service of the Austro-Hungarian Railways. Mother Marie Čiháková born in Kasparov and was the cousin to Ing. Jan Kaspar, the first Czech aviator.

Eugen Čihák and Jan Kašpar built a workshop at the army training field at Pardubice (Czech Kingdom, part of Austria-Hungary) and in 1910 they finished the monoplane powered with a Kašpar-Čihak design of unknown power rating, of their own design. The monoplane made only short hops due to engine of low power so they decided to mount engine Anzani of 25 HP. Jan Kašpar made a ten minutes flight and then he crashed on the first flight and the aircraft wrecked. Kašpar went to France and there bought a new monoplane Blériot, which he later used as a basis for his own design, the Kaspar JK (see next post).

Eugene Čihák designed the pre-war Rapid with his brother Hugo, which outclassed most of the contemporary types. It was a single-seat monoplane and was built along the lines of early Morane monoplanes. Pyramidal tube raised tower in front of the pilot and behind the rotary engine allowed the bracing wires to go down to the wings.

The photo of the Čihák Rapid (1912) is from the early years of flight gallery at Národní Technické Muzeum (NTM) Prague.
 

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Cy-27

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Kaspar JK-Bleriot (1911)

One of the most important figures in early Czech aviation was Ing. Jan Kaspar from Pardubice. Kaspar was one of the early figures to successfully fly a heavier than air machine. As early as April 1910 he made short test flights at Pardubice in an imported Bleriot XI monoplane.

In 1913 he constructed his own all-wooden aeroplane which was derived directly from his original Bleriot. Instead of the original 3-cylinder Anzani engine, Kaspar installed a water-cooled 4-cylinder Daimler (70 hp) motor. This led to a top speed of 90-100 km/h.

In this machine Kaspar made the first real long-distance flight in Czech history on 13th May 1911. It lasted 92 minutes and Kaspar covered 121 km from Pardubice to Prague.

Kašpar later donated the aircraft in which he flew to Prague to the Technical Museum of the Czech Kingdom in 1913. Today, suspended in the transportation hall of the Národní Technické Muzeum, it is one of the most significant exhibits documenting Czech history of aviation. The aircraft was completely restored in 1966.

Jan Kašpar was the cousin of fellow Czech pioneer Eugene Čihák. Kašpar died on 2 March 1927.

Source:
Národní Technické Muzeum
 

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hesham

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New for me,many thanks to you my dear Cy-27.
 

hesham

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Re: Various Czechoslovak Civil Aircraft

From Le Document Aeronautique 1928,

I can't ID those two airplanes or they were a Projects or not ?.
 

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hesham

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Re: Various Czechoslovak Civil Aircraft

hesham said:
From Le Document Aeronautique 1928,

I can't ID those two airplanes or they were a Projects or not ?.
It was called Simunek VBS-1

<a href="https://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g274707-d318617-i163588069-National_Technical_Museum-Prague_Bohemia.html#163588069"><img alt="" src="https://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/09/c0/27/e5/national-technical-museum.jpg"/></a>
This photo of National Technical Museum is courtesy of TripAdvisor
 

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Apophenia

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Re: Various Czechoslovak Civil Aircraft

hesham said:
It was called Simunek VBS-1
So, the shoulder-winged VBŠ-a project was dropped in favour of the parasol VBŠ-b - built in 1926 as the prototype VBŠ-1. The VBŠ-1 was otherwise known as the VBŠ Kuňkadlo.

The VBŠ-1 was designed by the brothers Vladimír and Bohuslav Šimůnkov. The latter is often listed as an engine designer for Walter (I assume by confusing him with Ing. Bohumil Šimůnek who designed of the HO2 Praga B for ČKD Praga before going on to the Walter Mikron and Minor series).

BTW, does anyone know if the current aircraft designer Ing. Jan Šimůnek is related to Vladimír and Bohuslav?
 

hesham

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Thank you my dear Apophenia,

but for your question,we need search.
 
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