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UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft

Triton

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The United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) Multirole Transport Aircraft is a joint venture to create a medium transport aircraft. This aircraft is intended to replacement Antonov An-12, An-26, and An-72 aircraft in service with the Russian Air Force and Antonov An-32 aircraft in service with the Indian Air Force.

Negotiations began in March 1999 between HAL and the Ilyushin Design Bureau with a joint agreement signed later in the same year. Memorandum of understanding signed in late 2000 followed in June 2001 by joint design, development and co-production agreement involving these two companies plus the participation of Irkut Corporation. Aircraft designated by Ilyushin as the Il-214.

In 2003, aircraft was designated by HAL as IRTA-21 for Indo-Russian Transport Aircraft, 21st century. Later Multi-role Transport Aircraft (MTA) and is now currently known as Mult-Role Transport Aircraft (MRTA). Configuration now differs considerably from the original design of 1996. Program is included in Russian government's aeronautical development plan for 2001-15. Engineering concept and feasibility study completed by early 2004; preliminary design then begun.

According to Ilyushin General Director Viktor Livanov, approved Indian requirements specification was delivered to Russian partners in January 2006, but were "somewhat different" from Russian specification, prompting further discussions between manufacturers and prospective customers. In February 2006, the United Aircraft Corporation was created by Russian President Vladmir Putin with Ilyushin and Irkut becoming subsidiaries in the new conglomerate.

New letter of intent signed January 24, 2007 during visit of Russian Defence Minister Sergei Ivanov to New Delhi; detail changes, notably in engine nacelle shape and addition of winglets, seen on model exhibited at Aero India show in following month. Winglets absent from models shown in 2008 and 2009. Three flying prototypes and two static/fatigue test airframes will be manufactured in 2010, maiden flight scheduled for 2013, and production deliveries from 2015. The aircraft will be manufactured in both countries.

The two countries formally incorporated the new venture during the visit of Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony to Russia in October 2009.

It is expected that a 100-passenger civilian variant of the aircraft will be developed.

Cost of development expected to be $600 million US dollars with each aircraft expected to cost between $35-40 million US dollars.

Source:
http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-All-the-Worlds-Aircraft/Ilyushin-HAL-MRTA-International.html

http://babelfish.yahoo.com/translate_url?doit=done&tt=url&intl=1&fr=bf-home&trurl=http%3A%2F%2Fru.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2F%25D0%2598%25D0%25BB-214&lp=ru_en&btnTrUrl=Translate


Model of Ilyushin Il-214 on display at International Aviation and Space Salon (MAKS) 2009.

Source:http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:MTS_Il214_maks2009.jpg
 

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Triton

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The aircraft could be powered by Russian-made Aviadvigatel PS-90 turbofan engines attached to top mounted wings, and has a T-shaped tail. The cabin size will be the same as the Ilyushin Il-76 but will be half the length. The payload will be 18.5 tons of military or civilian cargo, with a range of 2500 km and a speed of 870 km/h. Indian Air Force plans to acquire 45 MRTAs. Russian market will demand nearly 100 transport aircraft within the next 12 years

Specifications (planned)

* Maximum takeoff weight: 55,000 kg
* Maximum payload: 18,800 kg
* Capacity:88 to 100 paratroopers/passengers
* Fuel capacity: 13,500 kg
* Maximum speed: 850 km/h
* Cruising speed: 800 km/h
* Length: 33.2 m
* Wing span: 30.1 m
* Height: 10.0 m
* Powerplant: Aviadvigatel PS-90 turbofan
* Flight range: 2,500 km with payload of 18,800 kg
* Flight range: 6,000 km with payload of 4,500 kg
* Takeoff run: 1,300 m.
* Landing run: 1,200 m.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UAC/HAL_Multirole_Transport_Aircraft


Model of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) Multi-Role Transport Aircraft (MRTA) on display at Aero India 2009.

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hal_MRTA.JPG

http://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/rv90Y0_pxaZZwVri3_ERUw

http://air-news.blog.onet.pl/1,AR3_2008-05_2008-05-01_2008-05-31,index.html
 

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Triton

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flateric

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official UAC leaflet
 

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Triton

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Triton

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John21

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From the video it was supposed to start flying in prototype form in 2006 and enter service in 2009. That has been shelved back until 2015.

Why the huge delay? Yes I realize there were some differences between what the Russians and and Indians wanted, but it seems that at the rate programs are being either canceled or rescheduled in the world that technical innovation in the air-craft/armaments world is slowing down so to speak?

You just do not see the huge advances that the countries of the world used to make in the decades past. :'( Yes I am sure this aircraft will be a good thing for Russia and India, but it seems that we seem to be slowly stagnating somewhat. You hear about technologies today that are "new" or "break-through" but the same thing was said about those SAME technologies DECADES ago.

Sorry..end rant.
 

flateric

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Triton, why post multiply posts with small pics while you can post up to eight pics in single post?
 

Triton

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flateric said:
Triton, why post multiply posts with small pics while you can post up to eight pics in single post?

I was hoping to go back and do additional research on the models and concepts since they appear to be from different industry trade shows and proposals from different years. I thought that changes in the MTA design would get lost if different concepts over multiple years were attached to one post.
 

Triton

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Source:
http://livefist.blogspot.com/2011/02/new-stuff-on-indo-russian-multirole.html
 

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Triton

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"Go Joe!" GI Joes in the cockpit of the UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft at AeroIndia 2011.

Source:
http://www.flightglobal.com/blogs/asian-skies/2011/02/a-stroll-across-aero-india-201.html
 

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Triton

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Source:
http://worlddefencenews.blogspot.com/2012/10/india-and-russia-green-light-for-new.html
http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/awx_05_29_2012_p0-462788.xml&p=1
http://www.aame.in/2012/06/indo-russian-multirole-transport.html
http://www.ruaviation.com/news/2010/11/1/1/
 

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Triton

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Model of UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) on display at Defexpo India 2012.

Source:
http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/indian-air-force/36993-hal-inks-contract-developing-multirole-transport-aircraft-mta.html
http://www.defence.pk/forums/indian-defence/163528-defexpo-2012-a-8.html
http://forum.keypublishing.com/showthread.php?t=113355&page=18
 

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Triton

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Model of UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) on display at Defexpo India 2012.

Source:
http://forum.keypublishing.com/showthread.php?t=113355&page=18
 

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Triton

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Artist's impression of UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) aka Ilyushin Il-214.

Source:
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/index-859.html
 

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Jemiba

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Stargazer2006 said:
Sort of a jet-powered A400M.
Yes, externally, but with just about half the payload !

Stargazer2006 said:
Ideal for that recent USAF competition!

In fact, but that would require more, than a really giant leap in "thinking globally" !
 

Stargazer2006

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Jemiba said:
Yes, externally, but with just about half the payload !

Oops! Talk about appearances being deceiving...

Jemiba said:
In fact, but that would require more, than a really giant leap in "thinking globally" !

Well, yeah. But didn't Antonov submit a transport proposal to a USAF tender a couple of years ago? Didn't NASA use a Tu-144 for a joint-research program? Didn't Gulfstream and Sukhoi (almost) make the SSBJ? Of course we may not see a U.S. armed force procure hundreds of Sukhoi fighters in our lifetime... but step by step, there ought to be some kind of opening. "No country is an island all to itself!"
 

Triton

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Stargazer2006 said:
Well, yeah. But didn't Antonov submit a transport proposal to a USAF tender a couple of years ago? Didn't NASA use a Tu-144 for a joint-research program? Didn't Gulfstream and Sukhoi (almost) make the SSBJ? Of course we may not see a U.S. armed force procure hundreds of Sukhoi fighters in our lifetime... but step by step, there ought to be some kind of opening. "No country is an island all to itself!"

Not Antonov directly, but a United States-based company named US Aerospace attempted to submit the Antonov An-112KC , a variant of the Antonov An-70, for the KC-X competition. I understand that US Aerospace originally negotiated with Ilyushin for the Il96/Il98 for a KC-X proposal. United Aircraft Corporation was to invest in US Aerospace to create United Aircraft Corporation America, Inc.

"US Aerospace/Antonov An-112KC"
http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,10632.0.html

Though it does seems that relations between the United States and Russia have been strained lately.
 

Jemiba

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Stargazer2006 said:
Oops! Talk about appearances being deceiving...

Ah, sorry ! And yes, you're right again. And although many things can be traced back to "form follows
function", if the MTA would be a smartphone or tablet computer, I think, the desiners would have to
face patent disputes ... ;)

Stargazer2006 said:
... but step by step, there ought to be some kind of opening. "No country is an island all to itself!"

Not to be misunderstood, I don't see this behaviour of Nations as being limited to the USA. The best example
for me still is the A400M, a great aircraft, to my opinion, but the goals of its design could have been met with
derivative of the Antonov An-70 as well, and probably much cheaper. But buying russian equipment for a western
army still was (and is) off limits, no matter, how much the taxpayer has to pay for the "European" solution.
At least, if it concerns considerable numbers of aircraft. Ecxeptions from that rule may be the T-6 Texan II, or
Short Tucano, but both types were extensively "nationalised", as we can see by the dispute between Hawker
Beechcraft and Pilatus ..
So I think, the UAC/HAL MTA will be limited to the Asian and some niche markets, at least as long, as it won't be
offered and produced by, say "BAe Northrop" with new plants near Bristol and Casper/Wyoming.
 

Triton

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USAerospace claimed that their Antonov An-112KC was the lowest cost solution to the KC-X competition. As the lowest cost solution, USAerospace reasoned that they were maximizing tax payer value and allowed defense dollars to be spent elsewhere maximizing warfighter capability.

In an era of austerity, the idea that Western air forces might fly Russian-built, Ukrainian-built, or Russian-Indian co-produced aircraft isn't as outrageous as it first sounds. Many government contracts are required by law to go with the lowest cost vendor.
 

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It does not matter how low the cost is if the risk is too high and you cannot pass spec.
 

Jemiba

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And "lowest cost" always is a matter of interpretation ! And interpretation, on the
other hand is a matter of lobbying. There's actually no such thing, as strictly economical
reasoning in military procurement, I think.
 

GTX

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Exactly. Besides, if all I needed to do in order to win a contract was offer the lowest acquisition cost I would offer you the platform for $1 each and then mumble about the support costs... ;)


Regardless of what we may think, realpolitik does play a large part and thus anyone who thinks that a major Western nation is going to start ordering Russian/Chinese or similar derived weapons or major platforms anytime soon is kidding themselves. Hell, just look at how hard it has been for Airbus/EADS to crack the US market. Now magnify that for Russian derived equipment.
 

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To be fair to the US military, I suspect they would be reluctant to use Russian or Chinese aircraft in a key role even if they got them for free. The main issue will be spares and technical support. Global relationships change a lot quicker than modern miltary aircraft fleets are replaced. You could be on good commercial terms with Russia today (hypothetically speaking), but how about in 5 years, or 10 years?

This could also explain some of the reluctance to buy major numbers of EU aircraft. (please pardon the thread drift.)
 

Jemiba

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Bill Walker said:
You could be on good commercial terms with Russia today (hypothetically speaking), but how about in 5 years, or 10 years?

Perhaps chances to sell the MTA to some western states would be better, if it would be a pure HAL (Indian) product.
The participation of Ilyushin (Russia) may put several potential customes off, although Russia probably is less anxious
of selling his military technology, than the US, to whoever pays for it. Of course, the MTA is a modern design, but not
military high-tech in common sense.
 

Triton

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Technical information about HAL MTA.

Source:
http://astrashastra.blogspot.com/2013/02/hal-uac-multirole-transport-aircraft_11.html
 

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