Soviet/Russian UAV and UCAV projects


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5 January 2006
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A few Yakovlev UAV designs.

Originally posted by overscan to the Key forums.


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Myasishchev M-62 Orel.


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Yakovlev is working on an UCAV sometimes called Yak-133BR based on the Yak-130 trainer. It is expected to have 40% parts commonality with the Yak-130.

The image below shows Yakovlev's Proryv line of UCAV/UAVs. Proryv-U is for strike, Proryv-R for reconnaissance, and Proryv-RLD for AEW. From
The above page also mentions 'Klest' and 'Voron' UAVs. Anyone have more info about them? I think 'Klost' in the first post could actually be 'Klest'. And Voron most certainly isn't the M-21 clone.

Also I'd be glad to hear anything more about Russian UCAV work.


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Sukhoi BAS-62 (Unmanned Aviation System-62) with three family members.
More info and graphics here


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Hi folks,

There was also the KVAND,VTOL Shtil (“Calm”) UCAV/UAV shown at MAKS2005. The design is actually by the design laboratory INDELA, a structural division of KVAND. Quoting from some of the Russian Media releases:

The UAV uses a very complex structural gas turbine engine system, which is mounted in the center of fuselage and consists of three turbo-jet engines. Two engines are high capacity turbines and provide the main tilt draft necessary for both hover and horizontal flight. The third engine is much less powerful and is used as a pilot engine in hover mode.The drone also has a radio transparent body which makes its detection by radar extremely difficult.

The Shtil aircraft is flexible enough to be used for a multitude of applications. One of its major functions is surveillance, in commercial and municipal sectors, as well as in the military field. Geological surveys, oil and gas pipeline monitoring, jamming, aerial target application (the drone has a high flight speed of up to 780 km per hour), rescue mission assistance at emergencies both on land and at sea – this is just a small list of functions the new drone is able to perform.







One interesting Sukhoi study (something like Boeing´s Sensorcraft) but what is on second picture?? It was named KORSHUN...


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Fomin, Flanker Story:

in the early 1970s, the Kulon plant rolled out for testing the first prototypes of the Su-24 tactical bomber (in the parlance of the day - attack aircraft) and was preparing the T-4 ('100') long-range high-speed missile-carrying/reconnaissance aircraft. Work on upgrading the Su-15 interceptor and Su-17 fighter-bomber was also in full swing. In addition, the OKB was also designing the T-4MS ('200') multi-role strategic strike aircraft system, the Su-25 attack aircraft and the Korshun unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
Matej said:
One interesting Sukhoi study (something like Boeing´s Sensorcraft) but what is on second picture?? It was named KORSHUN...

Judging by the strange "pogostick" landing gear, this design is meant for a parachute landing.

My guess is that this Soviet UAV proposal is equivilent in concept to the Firebee drone, although it is hard to judge the size.
From Oleg Samoilovich's 'Close to Sukhoi'

After T-4MC 'fiasco victory' in a timeframe of 1972-1974 Sukhoi OKB was involved in Soviet Air Force hi-ranked eggheads UAV-mania caused by US RAND eggheads publication that stated that USAF could not by any manned fighter in 2000 as military airplanes cost grew with astonomic speed, so all future belongs to cheaper UAVs.

All (!) Soviet OKBs were ordered to begin UAV recearch. Sukhoi was ordered to built a 500-kg bomb payload mini-bomber, Korshun, controlled by Su-24 (PUN-24, punkt upravleniya navigatziey, navigation control post) airborne command post. Naum Chernyakov was a chief designer.

Samoilovich belived that this paper intent was to involve USSR in meaningless race into UAVs, while US actively continued to design and built pretty manned military aircrafts (F-15,16,-18), while Sukhoi spent two years of work for nothing, having Korshun at starting phases of assembly in 1974. Then VPK ordered to stop the UAV efforts, and all that stuff passed away, except Tupolev's Strizh and Yakovlev's Pchela
flateric said:
From Oleg Samoilovich's 'Close to Sukhoi'

After T-4MC 'fiasco victory' in a timeframe of 1972-1974 Sukhoi OKB was involved in Soviet Air Force hi-ranked eggheads UAV-mania caused by US RAND eggheads publication that stated that USAF could not by any manned fighter in 2000 as military airplanes cost grew with astonomic speed, so all future belongs to cheaper UAVs.

I do wonder if the operational use of the Firebee over Vietnam, as well as successful weapons delivery trials, encouraged Russian UCAV development?
Thank you my dears Lark and Richard,

And there is Kvand pilotless VTOL aircraft.


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Some more information on the Kvand UAV:

According to the November 2005 Russia/CIS Observer, this is the Shtil-3 UAV. A model was presented in August 2005 by the Russian-Belarus KVAND company. It is a small 24-kg unmanned V/STOL (vertical/ short takeoff and landing) aircraft equipped with three turbojet engines. Flight duration in the helicopter (vertical) mode will be 20 minutes, or 140 minutes in the aircraft mode. Flight speeds will be up to 780 km/hr. Payload weight will range from 13 kg to 63 kg, depending on the takeoff/landing mode. However, no dimensions are given.


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OKB Sokol (Kazan) perspective strike UCAV. Found at


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Now the name Korshun is going to Tupolev Tu-300 new
UAV,and there is a table for Russian UAV.


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Kvand strikes again at MAKS 2007 with Russian UCARski - H.U.Sky


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Found some old Sukhoi Zond family (HALE/LE) UAVs leaflet


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the Yakovlev stealth-looking Colibri was RPV Remotely
Piloted Vehicle.


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Is it possible to know, from where exactly comes this Yakovlev Proryv illustration? I mean source, not in which web page it is posted. Also - are there any other graphical data about the design, at least some hand sketch or anything else?


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These are original Yakovlev DB renderings
First had appeared in special issue of Polyot magazine, dedicated to 80th annyversary of Yakovlev DB (N7/2005) and surplus was in another Polyet special issue (to 100th annyversary of Yakovlev himself)

Reworked by Piotr Butowski, drawings also had appeared in Nova Tekhika Woiskowaпрорыв#p13000

No other Proryv illustrations that I've sen to the moment
Does the Tu-123 YASTREB count?


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Here. I usually dont like to draw the 3D objects in 2D enviroment, but this time I didnt have much alternatives.


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I hope this are real Russian projects ,why buy Israelian stuff wile they can develop their own machines
Yakovlev Klost


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Whatever happened with Skat? Is MiG still intending to fly a manned prototype?
Skat was already dead when it was shown
first and last Vega/Kulon Aist UAV flight in 2009
designed by famous Vyacheslav Kondratyev, this UAV (intended for Iskander targeting), crashed because of FBW glitches, ending this highly controversial (and expensive) program
XP67_Moonbat said:
Does the Tu-123 YASTREB count?

That was a very impressive design, and the Tu-121 missile version was where the turbojet engine for the MiG-25 got its start at.*
Yastreb was used operationally over the Mideast; its forward section with the reconnaissance cameras and their film as well as SIGINT equipment detached and was landed by parachute... which was going to be how the never built recconasance variant of Snark was going to work also (on the missile version the warhead detached itself and fell on the target as the airframe pitched violently up and broke apart to provide radar clutter to confuse enemy SAMs)
The Soviets took a crack at designing a reusable version of the Yastreb with landing gear as the Tu-139 Yastreb 2, and although several prototypes were built and flown, it never entered service:

* The old "take expendable engine and turn it into operational engine" story that's happened a lot more than once in the history of aviation.
Russian aircraft maker Sukhoi is to focus on creating reconnaissance and strike unmanned air vehicles (UAV) in the near future, United Aircraft Corporation President Mikhail Pogosyan said at the Zhuhai Airshow China exhibition on Tuesday.
MiG showed a demonstrator strike UAV design known as Skat at the MAKS airshow in Moscow in 2007.
Sukhoi, which has historically designed fighter and ground attack aircraft but now also builds some civil aircraft, is part of UAC, a holding covering most of Russia’s aircraft industry.
“UAVs are a strategic avenue for development for UAC, and Sukhoi is focused on creating reconnaissance and strike UAVs. But our firm plans on this are in the future,” he said.
Previous UAVs created for Russia’s amed forces have been produced by Tranzas and Sokol, in addition to Sukhoi.
Sukhoi has designs on its website for a series of unmanned aircraft known as Zond, optimised for the carriage of surveillance and synthetic-aperture radars and electro-optical sensors.
In 2011, Sukhoi won a contract to develope a heavy strike UAV with a mass of around 20 tons, Fedutinov said. Another Russian fighter aircraft design bureau, RAC MiG, will also be involved in this program, MiG’s CEO Sergei Korotkov told Russian media earlier this year.
St. Petersburg-based Tranzas and Kazan-based Sokol won a tender in October 2011 to create two UAV systems with a mass of one ton and five tons respectively.

Do someone know something about this?
R&D works going under Okhotnik (Hunter) name
there are several configurations studied, most of them will make you yawn

this was either unsuccessful MiG entry or can be a clue to one of configurations studied

otxentero said:
Hi guys, in a recent visit of the Ministry of Defense, Mr. Shoigu, to Kazan some scale models of aircraft in development where shown, either UAV, etc. Among them there is a model of (apparently) a hypersonic bomber, as unveiled in this blog



I posted it here, regardless it doesn't seem to be the PAK DA. Could anybody help us to identify this project? Sorry if I posted it in the wrong place.


Trident said:
Agree, considering the other projects shown at the same event, I would expect this to be a new supersonic target drone from Sokol - it would fit both their product range and the configuration of the model quite well.

It could be possibly related to this:

Russia’s Defense Ministry has issued a technical specification for development of a strike unmanned air vehicle (UAV), Izvestia daily said on Monday quoting a high-level source.

Tranzas company will build the UAV's on-board electronics as well as its navigation and control systems. The airframe, which will weigh about five tons, will be produced by the Kazan-based Sokol design bureau.

The new aircraft will have a modular structure, the source said, and will be able to carry various types of equipment and armament.

Russia’s Defense Ministry sealed contracts worth an estimated 3 billion rubles ($101.9 million) with Tranzas and Sokol in October 2011 for research work into creation of strike and reconnaissance UAVs.

In late March, Russian Air Force commander-in-chief Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin, told Moscovsky Komsomolets tabloid that strike drones will enter service before 2020. He did not specify how many drones will be acquired.

MOSCOW, May 10 (RIA Novosti) – Russian paratrooper divisions will receive unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or drones) within the next three-to-five years, Colonel-General Vladimir Shamanov, Commander of Russia’s Airborne Forces, told journalists on Friday.

“UAV subdivisions already exist within the reconnaissance and special operations sections, in the artillery and the air-defense sections of the Airborne Forces. In line with accepted international practice, we intend to further develop the unmanned component of our forces,” Shamanov said.

He also said that it was the Defense Ministry’s decision to buy Israeli-produced drones that gave Russia the impetus to develop its own.

“Unfortunately, work to create our own UAVs immediately ran into lengthy delays. The Airborne Forces were, and will continue to provide a platform for experimentation in testing new forms of technology” Shamanov continued.

In January, Shamanov oversaw tests on a prototype Russian-made compact reconnaissance complex, named Seeker.

Seeker comprises a base station carried in a rucksack, a tablet computer showing images from the drones’ cameras which also serves as a control unit, and two T-4 unmanned aerial vehicles weighing 1.3 kilograms each.

With 40 minutes endurance, they produce their optimum picture at an altitude of 200 meters, but have a service ceiling of 4,000 meters. They have electric motors and a wingspan of 0.6 meters.

The approximate cost of the Seeker complex, with two drones, is about 3 million rubles, which at today’s exchange rates, works out at about $96,000.
Trident said:
Agree, considering the other projects shown at the same event, I would expect this to be a new supersonic target drone from Sokol - it would fit both their product range and the configuration of the model quite well.

yes, bingo
KVAND Shtil-3



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