Russian Hypersonic efforts

Saturn X

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There has been a lot media coverage about Chinese and US Hypersonic programs, but recently it has emerged that Russia has a hypersonic program of its own = no surprise to anyone who has been following Russian weapons development, so I like to dedicate this thread to all Russian Hypersonic related efforts.


I will start with first post.

At 18:13 MSK (15:13 UTC) on August 22, 2015 the Strategic Rocket Forces carried out a successful launch of a Topol/SS-25 missile that was used to test "new combat payload for future ICBMs." The missile payload reported to have successfully reached its target at the Sary Shagan test site in Kazakhstan.

Although the official reports refer to the missile as Topol, it is most likely the Topol-E modification of the missile, which is used to rest experimental warheads in launches from Kapustin Yar to Sary-Shagan

http://russianforces.org/blog/2015/08/another_topol_launch_from_kapu_1.shtml
 

antigravite

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Hi,

Are you refering to Russia's YU-71 BGV, "part of a wider effort to overcome US Missile Defense known as Project 4202"?

A.
 

kaiserbill

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antigravite

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kaiserbill said:
Some interesting pictures from the buildup to MAKS-2015, link below, which are relevant I think to this topic.

http://missiles2go.ru/2015/08/23/maks-2015-dva-dnia-do-nachala/

MAKS-2015 is starting in a couple of days time, so perhaps we'll get some more info.

WOW thx. Really interesting advanced scramjet intergration research underway.
Was it flown yet? Even low speed? Russians have a longtime tradition of flight testing everything they can, and failures are never considered as such since you always learn something along the way. Hands-on experience.

A.
 

kaiserbill

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antigravite said:
WOW thx. Really interesting advanced scramjet intergration research underway.
Was it flown yet? Even low speed? Russians have a longtime tradition of flight testing everything they can, and failures are never considered as such since you always learn something along the way. Hands-on experience.

A.


No idea.
I was looking up details of MAKS-2015. Perhaps Flateric or another one of our esteemed Russian contributors here may have some further details.
Certainly the material they are constructed of demonstrates at least wind tunnel testing, but quite possibly also actual flight testing. The larger models look very interesting indeed.


MAKS-2015 promises to be interesting...there is word that the MiG 1.44 technology demonstrator, which has been parked up off to one side for the last few years, will be exhibited. So hopefully we'll see far better, closeup pictures of the beast.
 

bobbymike

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http://sputniknews.com/military/20150823/1026084410/russia-creates-breakthrough-jet-engine.html
 

flateric

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First two pics are HEXAFLY developed on frame program with EU. You can find much more info on project googling it than talking to TsAGI staff on the display.
Next goes TsAGI SSBJ/SST configuration concept that evolved from TsAGI/Sukhoi HiSAC configuration.
Last is IGLA, old as mammoth shit.
 

Saturn X

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antigravite said:
Hi,

Are you refering to Russia's YU-71 BGV, "part of a wider effort to overcome US Missile Defense known as Project 4202"?

A.

Yes, but I believe there are several other ongoing projects besides Yu-71. :)
 

kaiserbill

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Just read the article below. I think the picture in the article, attached below, is actually from MAKS-2013 though?


Russia’s Gromov Flight Research Institute (LII) expects its latest GLL-AP-02 hypersonic scramjet test vehicle to fly in “three or four years,” with officials telling Flightglobal that funding constraints and technical issues have slowed progress.
LII’s Sergei Pernitsky and Sergei Vasilievich said via a translator at the MAKS air show in Moscow that work on the flight sciences vehicle is progressing, but slowly.
“Mostly because of the lack of funding, but there are lots of difficulties despite the funding because this project is very ambitious,” they explain.
GLL-AP-02 is the Russian equivalent of America’s Boeing X-51 and China’s “WU-14”. It is the latest in a series of Russian rocket-boosted hypersonic test vehicles, proceeding the GLL-VK and GLL-31 projects.

More here:
http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/maks-russias-hypersonic-scramjet-experiment-could-fly-by-416192/
 

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flateric

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Latest? Lol, I remember GLL-AP-02 at MAKS 2007 with mantra that it's almost ready to fly...

"...although it was tellingly absent at Zhukovsky this week"
 

bobbymike

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http://nextbigfuture.com/2015/12/russia-is-using-french-missile.html
 

bobbymike

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http://freebeacon.com/national-security/russia-tests-hypersonic-glide-vehicle/
 

Flyaway

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One of the Russian newspapers, MK, quotes its unnamed sources as saying that Russia conducted a flight test of a "hypersonic warhead" earlier this week (apparently on April 19). The missile carrying the warhead was launched from the Dombarovsky site. The test is said to be successful.

If the reports are correct, this is probably the test of the Project 4202 vehicle that was expected to take place in 2016-2017. It would be interesting to see if there will be an official announcement of the test or if further confirmation from industry sources.

UPDATE: Now mainstream media (Interfax) confirm the story and say that the test took place on Tuesday, April 19. As expected, the UR-100NUTTH/RS-18/SS-19 missile was used to carry the vehicle.

http://russianforces.org/blog/2016/04/reports_of_a_project_4202_flig.shtml
 

bobbymike

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http://sputniknews.com/world/20160423/1038490289/russia-hypersonic-glide-vehicle.html
 

bobbymike

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http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/05/russia-plans-to-deploy-24-hypersonic-yu.html
 

flateric

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Idiots, when they will finally learn that designation 'Yu-71' doesn't exsist...and what it has to do with render of Spiral and 53T6 test?
 

sferrin

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flateric said:
Idiots, when they will finally learn that designation 'Yu-71' doesn't exsist...and what it has to do with render of Spiral and 53T6 test?

Well, it is NextBigFuture.
 

bobbymike

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http://sputniknews.com/politics/20160611/1041185729/russia-hypersonic-glider.html

The Yu-74 system specification as well as the details of the test remains top secret. Reportedly, the gliders are developed to be loaded onto Russia's RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 by NATO classification) — the state-of-the-art heavy liquid-propelled intercontinental ballistic missiles which are currently being developed for the Russian army.

Designed to carry up to 24 nuclear-loaded Yu-74 gliders, each Sarmat ballistic missile will be able to hit any target located within a 6.2 thousand mile radius in one hour.
 

sferrin

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bobbymike said:
http://sputniknews.com/politics/20160611/1041185729/russia-hypersonic-glider.html

The Yu-74 system specification as well as the details of the test remains top secret. Reportedly, the gliders are developed to be loaded onto Russia's RS-28 Sarmat (SS-X-30 by NATO classification) — the state-of-the-art heavy liquid-propelled intercontinental ballistic missiles which are currently being developed for the Russian army.

Designed to carry up to 24 nuclear-loaded Yu-74 gliders, each Sarmat ballistic missile will be able to hit any target located within a 6.2 thousand mile radius in one hour.

Something to note there is the range and time. This would suggest something looking further into the future. When strategic defensive lasers, that can just plug into the local power grid, are a reality then flying or gliding at high altitude will be suicide. So maybe this thing launches a gaggle of "gliders" that go just high enough to remain below the horizon of the lasers. As they get close maybe they shed aeroshells, open inlets, and cruise the last 50 miles right on the deck under ramjet power. From an earlier time (though somewhat prescient):

"Opinion

USAF's design mission for that scramjet missile technology could be done easier, cheaper, and "right now" by marrying existing ICBM technology with existing ramjet cruise missile technology (like ASALM). Put your supersonic ramjet cruise missile inside a re-entry shroud, and stick that on top of an ordinary ICBM. Flight time is 17 minutes to the other side of the world, then you cruise to target in the Mach 3 to 4 range, at around 60-80,000 feet, and finally you dive onto your target at around Mach 5 to 6. If you are attacking fixed geographic coordinates, there is not time for simple inertial guidance to drift.

As I said before, simple. Easy. Cheap.

My question to USAF is: why cruise hypersonic down in the air with all that friction heat and shock loss nonsense, when you don't have to? Actually, the very same question applies to supersonic/hypersonic transport aircraft proposals, too."


http://exrocketman.blogspot.com/2012/08/third-x-51a-scramjet-test-not-successful.html
 

antigravite

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Hi.

Putin gave a talk on june 7.

The "Avant-garde" Mach20+ maneuverable missile is likely in production now and should enter service next year, in 2019
The Air launched Mach 10 missile is already in service. Details unknown (to me)

Some articles:
https://www.rbth.com/science-and-tech/327726-new-russian-weapons
https://www.straitstimes.com/world/europe/new-hypersonic-missiles-guarantee-parity-with-us-putin

etc.

A.
 

Foo Fighter

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I understand the need for chest wigs/thumping but, what is the point? They do not impress anyone and it is pretty easy to see this is basically hyperbole. About time folk threw out their rattles and got on with cooperation and we could really see some progress. What am I thinking? Logic/hyperbole, easy to see the fantasy football gets the vote every time. Head slap time again.......
 

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Completely lost as to why tass would even bother putting this on the Economics section.


MOSCOW, April 9. /TASS/. The Rostec Joint Engine Corporation has tested a demonstration of a pulsating detonation engine for prospective hypersonic aircraft and orbital aircraft. This was reported to journalists in the press service of the state corporation Rostec.

"The first stage of testing of the pulsating detonation engine demonstrateer has been successfully completed. The demonstrator gave the required indicators. On some modes of operation, the specific thrust of up to 50% exceeded the performance of traditional power plants. In the future, this will allow to increase the maximum range and weight of the payload of aircraft by 1.3-1.5 times," Rostec said in the aviation cluster.

The pulsating detonation engine was developed in the Design Bureau by A. Lulki (a branch of ODK-UMPO). It implements a more economical, unlike used in existing gas turbine engines, thermodynamic cycle. Equipped with such an engine aircraft will have better flight dynamics and maneuverability.

The model of the pulsating detonation engine was presented for the first time at the International Military-Technical Forum "Army-2017".
 

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MOSCOW, Apr 14 - RIA Novosti. Developed in Russia The reusable winged stage of the Wing-SV light-class launch vehicle will be able to land both on wheels and on skis, depending on the type of landing strips. This was stated by the head of the pilot design bureau named Bartini CNIIMAS Boris Satovsky in a video posted on the YouTube-channel of the Faculty of Aerophysics and Space Research of MIPT.

"In the extreme case, we assume the possibility of landing even on a dirt airfield, so the chassis will have interchangeable equipment: if landing on a concrete strip and a cool airfield, it will be wheels, and if it is landing on the ground, it will be skis," Satovsky said.

Work on the Wing-SV rocket project began several years ago, and in February 2020 the Scientific and Technical Council Advanced Research Foundation decided to start developing a flight demonstrator.

The Wing-SV is a reusable cruise stage of a light-class missile. It will be six metres long and 0.8 metres in diameter. The rocket's demonstrator is planned to be one-third the size of the original. The Wing-SV will travel at hypersonic speeds of up to six Mach numbers. A new rocket engine, called the Whirlwind, is being developed specifically for the rocket.

It is planned that after the separation of the second stage, which will continue the flight, the first reusable stage will return to the spaceport on the wings and using the aircraft engine.
 

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Head of KTRV Obnosov: we are developing new naval weapons of Russia


June 24th, 18:39
The Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation (KTRV) is currently one of the main players in the world maritime weapons market. KTRV manufactures almost the full range of these defense products - from anti-ship missiles to innovative anti-submarine missiles. The general director of the corporation Boris Obnosov spoke about the main directions of the development of domestic weapons in an interview with TASS during the International Maritime Defense Show (IMDS-2021) . Boris Obnosov (c) Nikolay Novichkov / TASS

- What are the positions of KTRV in the world market of naval weapons?

- There are no objective data to date. In previous years, various research groups have determined the share of KTRV on naval weapons in the world in the range of 17-20%, while in 2003 this figure was 10%.

- What can you say about the volume of export of naval weapons in the structure of the corporation's revenue and what is its dynamics compared to 2019?

- In the structure of export deliveries, naval arms in 2019 amounted to about 9%, by the end of 2020 the figure dropped to 6%, this year, according to preliminary estimates, the maritime component of exports will again increase to 8-9%. For reasons of secrecy, the supply of weapons under the state defense order, including naval weapons, were not disclosed.

- Is there serial production of APR-3ME anti-submarine missiles? Is the creation of new modifications of the rocket planned or the development of a new generation of this weapon?

- Serial production of anti-submarine missiles of the APR-3ME type has been launched. The delivery of the first batch has been completed. In the future, to replace the APR-3ME, it is planned to develop a small-sized aircraft anti-submarine torpedo, significantly superior to the existing models in terms of cruising range.

- Are you carrying out further modernization of the Bastion PBRK? Is a mine modification of this complex being developed and are there any customers for it?

- Yes, the modernization of the export version of the mobile coastal missile complex (PBRK) "Bastion" is being carried out, and this modernization will continue in the foreseeable future. It is carried out according to the requirements of a specific customer. The issues of modernization of the complexes supplied to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are within the competence of the Ministry of Defense.

The project of the stationary complex "Bastion" has been developed and is ready for implementation. It, like the mobile version, is distinguished by high combat survivability and efficiency with strong electronic and fire resistance, as well as full autonomy of combat use.

Covert recessed basing and special camouflage means make it difficult for the enemy to determine the specific coordinates of the elements of the complex. Also, the advantages of the complex are the lack of guidelines for high-precision weapons and the inability to defeat small caliber ammunition.

Customers are interested in this complex, but currently the mobile option is of greater interest. In our opinion, the stationary complex is more interesting for countries that need to protect a limited coastline. The main task of the complex can be characterized by the words "hid and protected", so we will never discuss who and where plans to use it to defend their sea borders.

- Do you plan to equip three new ships of the Alexandrite Project with the Alexandrite-ISPUM-E anti-mine systems? Are there any further modernization of the Alexandrite ISPUM-E and the creation on its basis of new robotic unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) to combat mines?

- Equipping new ships with the Alexandrite-ISPUM complex continues. Within the framework of work on further modernization of the Alexandrite-ISPUM complex, JSC "GNPP" Region "plans to: increase the capabilities of the under-keel hydroacoustic mine detection station to increase the detection range;

- Do you plan to launch new Russian torpedo weapons on the international market? If so, which ones?

- Work is underway to modernize the TE-2 and UGST torpedoes, which may be offered to foreign customers in the future. The modernization will affect mainly software and individual systems. In addition, work is underway to create ultra-small homing torpedoes for arming a wide range of carriers (small ships, unmanned boats, unmanned aerial vehicles, light helicopters). At the same time, there are ways to adapt ship launchers for the use of ultra-small torpedoes.

- Is it planned to create new sea mines equipped, for example, with a target selection fuse or artificial intelligence algorithms?

- At the moment, work is underway to create a universal mine complex, which provides for target selection in a wide range of parameters and processing of incoming target information using modern algorithms, including artificial intelligence algorithms.

- Do Moskit anti-ship missiles (ASM) remain a topical example of naval weapons? Are they supposed to be further modernized?

- The winged anti-ship missile complex "Moskit" is designed to destroy surface ships and transports from ship groups, missile boats, both displacement and air cushion, and hydrofoils in conditions of fire and electronic countermeasures.

The main feature of the anti-ship missile system is its equipping with a ramjet engine (ramjet engine), which provides a long flight at a distance of 120 km at a maximum low altitude of 20 m with a constant supersonic speed of 2800 km / h (M = 2.3). The aerodynamic design of the rocket is distinguished by high aerodynamic perfection and compactness due to the folding of all bearing and control surfaces and the placement of the starting rocket engine in the combustion chamber of the sustainer ramjet engine. To ensure high combat effectiveness of the missile, an anti-jamming combined active-passive homing system was developed, as well as combat equipment as part of a penetrating warhead with an increased filling factor and a selectively operating explosive device.

The effectiveness of the rocket is ensured not only by the implementation of the above technical solutions, but also by the high maneuverability of the rocket - by performing anti-aircraft maneuvers in the target area with a maximum lateral overload of up to 15G. After the launch, the rocket makes a "slide", and then descends to the cruising altitude, and when it approaches the target, it continues flying almost over the crests of the waves. It is impossible to dodge the missile; the enemy will notice it only three to four seconds before meeting the side of the ship. Due to the huge kinetic energy "Mosquito" breaks through the hull of any ship and explodes inside. Such a blow is capable of sinking not only a middle class ship, but also a cruiser.

In the West, the Mosquito complex was named "Sunburn". In the foreign press they wrote about him: "The new deadly weapon of the Russians is a cruise missile that flies so fast that it is capable of breaking a warship in two without even exploding. The United States has nothing like that that could compare with this missile, and does not have the means protection from it. "

State tests of the Mosquito complex as part of the armament of the project 1241.1 missile boat were successfully completed in 1983, and by the Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 17-5 of January 4, 1984, it was adopted by the Navy. In 1985, the development of the Moskit complex was awarded the State Prize.

On the basis of the Moskit complex for export supplies, the Moskit-E and Moskit-MVE missile systems were developed. Until now, the Moskit complex is in service, is a formidable weapon and has the ability to modernize. Proposals for modernization have been submitted to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, but they have not yet been implemented.

- Is there a further modernization of the Shkval torpedo missile?

- Work on high-speed submarine missiles continues.

- Do you plan to modernize the "Package" type anti-submarine defense complex? Is it supposed to equip all large ships of the Navy with this complex as a standard anti-submarine weapon? Is it supposed to be installed on ships undergoing modernization? Is the complex capable of protecting ships from the latest torpedo weapons?

- The modular design of the "Package" type complex allows its modernization almost continuously based on the experience gained in practical shooting. At present, all corvette and frigate class ships under construction are equipped with this complex. The issue of equipping the modernized ships of the Navy with this complex is at various stages of development.

- Have the tests of the Kh-35UE anti-ship missile system been completed, has its aviation version been adopted? Are there any plans to further modernize the rocket?

- The Kh-35UE missile has successfully passed the entire required volume of tests, and its serial production is underway. At present, the Kh-35UE rocket has successfully proven itself, it is operated both in our country and abroad.

In terms of modernizing the Kh-35UE missile, the following areas are of priority: improving the tactical and technical characteristics (retrofitting with guidance systems, which are based on automated decision-making technologies based on self-learning artificial intelligence in image analysis and pattern recognition, as well as increasing the range and speed of flight) ; adaptation of the rocket to new carriers.

- Is there a further modernization of the Kh-31A / AD anti-ship missile system? Do you plan to develop a new rocket to replace it?

- The Kh-31A anti-ship missile has been in serial production since 1991, and has been delivered to many countries of the world. The Kh-31AD missile is a further development of the Kh-31A missile, developed on the basis of the already modernized Kh-31PD missile, which, like the Kh-31A, is mass-produced.

The Kh-31AD missile has an increased range, is equipped with a control system based on a strapdown inertial guidance system in combination with an active radar homing head and a radio altimeter and a universal warhead. As part of the warhead, a deceleration mechanism is used, due to which its detonation occurs not on the skin of the enemy ship, but deep inside its structure.


Currently, KTRV is carrying out R&D work on the creation of a high-speed anti-ship missile system of a new generation with an increased range and flight speed, with increased noise immunity.

This promising model will supplement the existing nomenclature of aircraft destruction systems created by KTRV.

existing kh-31 is like 4.7 meters long with mach 3.5 speeds, hope the wings are foldable and that they decrease the length, since I want an internal hypersonic option for the Su-57 with 4.
 
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