Maybe old, but new to me thanks...
Considering that they are [very likely] using russian derived engines [RD250 for the hwasong 12,14,15] I`d say that is one aspect of these systems that is probably the most reliable,not to mention extremely powerful,as it was these engines and their later derivatives that powered the heavy weight R-36[ss-9 Scarp/ss-18 Satan] class of icbms.I'm pretty sure Bestest Korea has deploy dummy missiles in parades before. I seem to remember analysts noting that some missiles looks like mismatched stages of other projects strung together. I wouldn't score a missile as operational until it was tested at least once and I have a hard time believing that new, massive ICBM is within their current engine capabilities. Though at this point I think most of Phat Kim's missile ambitions have been met.
It certainly looks like it,possibly for a local version of the kornet or perhaps for the upgraded locally built version of the AT4 Spigot.This has been upgraded with a new laser beam riding guidance system like the kornet and is now called the bulsae 3.It is interesting that they still dont appear to have gone for the gun launched atgms preferring instead externally mounted systems.
To me these tanks look very much like developments of the Chinese VT4 MBT-3000 MBT (https://armyrecognition.com/china_c...mbt_main_battle_tank_data_pictures_video.html)
A huge part of it are the sanctions which pretty much prevents the dprk from acquiring any new combat aircraft,tho they have gone to a lot of trouble to keep as much of their older mid cold war era air fleet operational as possible.Ultimately however the sheer costs of modern airpower,not only for the machines themselves but also in terms of the logistics and infrastructure,and the amount of airpower that would be required to even attempt to try and match the capabilities of the rok,never mind the sheer quantity and quality of the combined airpower that the us/rok/jsdf could field against the dprk really makes it all a total non starter.The thing that puzzles me is that North Korea seems to be investing heavily in missiles and rocketry and presumably armoured vehicles too. The Army must be receiving a fair amount of all weapons R&D and production expenditure, the Navy less so but has built a couple of 'frigates' (more like gunboats) and of course is still build Romeo-class knock-offs (some with SLBM tubes stuck on). But there seems to have been almost no investment in the Air Force at all.
LED strips look fancy but its not exactly improving their air defence capability. I would have thought they would have been champing at the bit to get their hands on some modern Chinese kit, but it seems that North Korea very much is land warfare oriented with little thought to aerial warfare at all.