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Lunokhod aka "Moon walker"

Michel Van

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athpilot said:
One interesting thing about Lunokhod is, that it should also be used as a Radarbeacon for descending LK and rescue vehicle for stranded Kosmonauts on the moon.
base on data from Russian book "Recollection of Lunar Ship" by Filin Vyacheslav (unclear to Me if there is a English translation of this book)
there a transcript in English in "For the Moon and Mars N1: A Reference Guide to the Soviet Superooster"

According Vyacheslav , the Lunochod (Luna Ye-8) had to be used for LK mission.

First: explore the LK landing site if save to land and pre selection for sample

Two: To serve as Radio-beacon for the LK's on landing approach
here two N1 are used, one launch unmanned LK to Lunar surface, that is inspected by Lunochod
while sending N1 with Manned Lk to Moon, again the Lunochod serve as Radio-beacon for LK on landing.

Third: rover support the cosmonaut during EVA, in case the Second LK is broken the Rover brings the Cosmonaut to first Backup LK
 

athpilot

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Thanks a lot for these informations! I never heard of this book before. Very interesting.
 

Michel Van

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That the Lunochod program ended after 1974 with end of Soviet Manned lunar program.
is indication it was a part of it.

here Link to DALS science station to deploy by the Cosmonaut on the moon
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/dals.html

DALS (Russian acronym for Dolgo-funktsioniruyashaya Avtomaticheskaya Lunnaya Stantsiya)
Next to the electronic package, there external components included a seismometer, a magnetometer and several electromagnetic sensors and radioisotope power generator.
 

athpilot

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Michel Van said:
That the Lunochod program ended after 1974 with end of Soviet Manned lunar program.
is indication it was a part of it.
Yes it must have happen this way. Tchertok (in "Rockets and People" Vol. 4) and Mishin (in "Soviet Moon Projects") maginalize the Ye-8-program aka Lunokhod but Asif Siddiqi had worked out the real importance of the moon rover project. I cite from his great book "challenge to Apollo" (p. 643):
"The repeated additions and modifications to the N1-L3 plan in 1965-67 also complicated mission design. Even after the ink was dry on a final draft plan for a particular element of the L3 complex, months later, engineers would propose modifications based on new anticipated needs. This not only made it impossible to manufacture flight models of the spacecraft, but also added layer after layer of complexity to the N1-L3 mission. By 1968, the following components were part of the entire program:
- Ye-6LS (two robot probes to map lunar gravitational anomalies)
- Ye8LS (two robot lunar satellites to photograph the lunar surface)
- T1K-T2K (automated and piloted flights of the LOK and Lk in earth orbit)
- L1E (automated test of the Blok D stage in Earth Orbit);
- N1-L1 (two lunar orbital L1 flights as test payloads for early N1 launches)
- Ye-8 (two lunar rovers to serve as transport for cosmonauts);
- N1-L3 (one N1 launch with the the backup LK)
- N1-L3 (one N1 launch with two cosmonauts to land on the moon)"
 
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