Lithuanian Aircraft Designations

Apophenia

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Lithuanian Powered Aircraft Production -- 1922-1940
[see Glider section below for motor gliders]

Lithuanian organization abbreviations

KA ---- Karo Aviacija (Lithuanian Air Force)
KATS -- Karo Aviacijos Tiekimo Skyrius (Army Aviation Workshops), Kaunas
LAK --- Lietuvos aeroklubas (Lithuanian Aero Club)
Journal: Lietuvos sparnai - "Lithuanian Wings."

KATS under Air Forces C-in-C, LtCol Antanas Gustaitis. LtCol Gustaitis designed a series of training and military aircraft under the designation ANBO (see below).
____________________

Dobkeviciaus (Sn Lt Jurigio Dobkeviciaus)

Dobi-I --- 1922, single-seat, high-wing sports monoplane, 1 x 30 hp Haacke HFM-2, 1 built
Dobi-II -- 1923, 2-seat high-wing monoplane recce, 1 x 200 hp Benz Bz.IV, 1 built
Dobi-III - 1924, single-seat high-wing cranked monoplane fighter, 185 hp BMW IIIA, 1 built
____________________

AFG (Allgemeine Flug-Gesellschaft) Memel

AFG.1 - 1925, Albatros L 65 2-seat biplane recce fighter built at Memel
-- 2 prototypes, powered 450 & 565 hp Napier Lion, respectively

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ANBO (Antanas Nori Buti Ore)

ANBO-I ---- 1925, 1-seat low-wing sport monoplane, 1 x 35 hp Anzani, 1 built

ANBO-II --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 60 hp Walter NZ, ? built (Albatross B.II replacement)

ANBO-III -- 2-seat recce, 1 x 120 hp Walter Mars, ? built

ANBO-IV --- 2-seat recce/lt bomber, 1 x 585 hp Bristol Pegasus IIM2 (or L.2), 14 built
-- ANBO-IVM (modified ANBO-IV ?)
-- ANBO-IVL (?)

ANBO-41 --- 2-seat high-wing monoplane recce, 1 x 800 hp Bristol Pegasus XI, 19 or 20 built
-- ANBO-IV development, some sources list a 1,010 hp Pegasus XXIII

ANBO-V ---- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 85 hp Walter Vega, 5 built

ANBO-51 --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 160 hp AS Genet Major, ANBO-V development, 10 built

ANBO-VI --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 185 hp Curtiss Challenger, 4 built

ANBO-VII -- trainer coupe for LAK, 1 x 100 hp ?, unbuilt project

ANBO-VIII - 2-seat, low-wing monoplane lt attack, 1 x 930 hp Pegasus XVIII, 1 built
-- prototype only, 60 production ANBO-VIII planned, 4 x fixed/1 x flexible 7.7mm Browning

ANBO-?? --- Gladiators assembled by ANBO under Gloster supervision (arriving Oct/Nov 1938)
-- Lithuanian Gladiators were given 'G' serials (but not necessarily an ANBO type number)
______________________

ANBO Types on KA Strength - June 1940

I Zvalgybos Grupe (Recce Group)

2 Eskadra -- 7 x ANBO-41
6 Eskadra -- 3 x ANBO-41, 3 x ANBO-IVM [and Albatross BII]

II Nailintuva Grupe (Fighter Group, incl. 1 Esk and 5 Esk)

7 Eskadra -- Fiat CR20 unit (x 7) with 1 x ANBO-51 on strength (as hack/liaison ?)

III Bombonesiu Grupe (Bomber Group)

3 Eskadra -- 1 x ANBO-51 (hack?), 14 x Ansaldo A-120, 2 x DH 89M, 1 x LVG C.VI (hack ?)
4 Eskadra -- 10 x ANBO-41, and 1 x LVG C.VI (hack ?)

IV Szkolna Grupe (Training Group) -- no ANBO types on strength
_______________________________

Lithuanian Glider (Sklandytuva) and Motor-Glider Production -- 1922-1940 [by year]

1922 ---- S-1 - 1922, designer V. Senbergas
1932 ---- [B. Oškinis begins glider designs, see separate entry below]
1932 ---- Unnamed, designed by P. Mainelis, 2 built (based on German glider)
1934 ---- Gandras, designed by Skurauskas & Mikevicius, 1 built (based on German glider)
1934-35 - Unnamed, designed by V. Salavejus primary training gliders, 2 built
1934-35 - Nida, designed by Miliunas & Kontrimas glider (based on German Grunau Baby)
1936 ---- P-1 Uodas glider, designed by Antanas Paknys
1936 ---- P-2, tandem 2-seat glider, designed by A. Paknys with A. Gysas, two built
-- Originally designated PAGY or PAGY-1 [some sources confuse P-2 with PAGY-2, below]
1937 ---- PAGY-2, single-seat training glider, designed by A. Paknys with A. Gysas, 1 built
-- 1938, fitted with 18-20 hp engine [sources vary as to conversion to or from motorglider]
1937 ---- P-3 Nerija (Spit) http://www.lizdas.lt/aviacija/lietuva/nerija.jpg
1937 ---- Nykstukas, designed by A. Gysas
1937 ---- Zaibas, designed by A. Gysas
1937 ---- Birzietis competition sailplane, designed by P. Mainelis (based on Gö-3 Minimoa)
1937 ---- BK-1 Vanagas (Hawk), competition glider, designed by Balys Karvelis, LV-Vanagas
1937 ---- Keva motorglider, 1 x 28hp Scott, designed by Z. Rimsa, built by G. Miliunas
1940 ---- BK-2, competition glider, designed by Balys Karvelis,

Gliders by Bronius Oškinis for ATM Dirbtuvese (Technical University Workshop, Kaunas)
-- ATM = Aukstesniojoje Technikos Mokykloje (built German RRG-23 Zögling glider in 1932)

Designations are originally 'T-' for Technikas. Then, BRO (or BrO) for BRonius Oškinis

T-1 --- 1932, Technikas-1, improved RRG-23 Zögling (based on German drawings), 1 built
-- T-1 used to test/train Lithuanian military pilots at Kaunas
BrO-1 - 1935-36, re-named 'production' version of T-1, 4 built
T-2 --- 1934, Technikas-2, aerodynamically improved T-1/BRO-1 glider, 1 built for LAK
BrO-2 - 1936, re-named T-2 glider (constructed by A. Gyras), 1 built
BrO-3 - 1936, Pukas (Down) training glider, 1 built
-- 1937, G. Miliunas workshops build two more BRO-3 (named Aru and Giriunu)
BrO-4 - 1937, Ruta (Ruth) shoulder gull-wing acrobatic glider, LY-RUTA
BrO-5 - 1938, Ruta II acrobatic glider, re-winged BRO-4,
BrO-6 - 19??, Pukas III, trainer, not completed (despite plans for mass production)

Powered Aircraft by Bronius Oškinis for ATM Dirbtuvese

BrO-7 - 1938, 'easy' sport aircraft, 1 built, 1 left incomplete [same as BRO-8?]
BrO-8 - 19??, sport aircraft, built but not flown [perhaps second, unfinished BRO-7?]

(Post-war Glider Designs by Bronius Oškinis)

BrO-9 -- 1952, Žiogas (Grasshopper) pod-and-boom trainer, 3 prototypes, production 1954
BrO-10 - 1949, Pūkas III, pylon-mounted wing sailplane, planned production cancelled
BrO-11 - 1954, Pionierius (Pioneers) single-seat basic training glider, span 7. 28 m
- BrO-11 : 1954 Pionierius trainer, wooden constr., ailerons suspended beneath wings
- BrO-11M: 1969 Zylė (Tit), full-span suspended ailerons for control, 1970-1977
BrO-12 - 1957, 'thermal' training glider, semi-enclosed single-seat cockpit, serial production (??)
BrO-13 - 1961 (1969?), V-tailed sailplane, largely complete but not flown
-- http://www.vgc.lt/page.php?170
BrO-14 - (Project) 1961 high-performance sailplane, span 14.00 m
- BrO-14: single-seat, mono-wheel u/c, V-tail
-- See Cy-27's reply #6
BrO-15 - 1974 motor-glider trainer, span 15.00 m
BrO-16 - 1973, Pempė, boat-hulled biplane light glider, span (upper) 7.80 m
- BrO-16: Produced as LAK-3, lower wings acted as water stabilizers
- BrO-16: Upper wing, tailplane, and control system from BrO-11M (qv)
BrO-17 - 1974, BrO-16 deriv., upper wing with 3 x full-span slots
- BrO-17S Bitelė 2 x full-span slots
- BrO-17V Antele 2 x full-span slots
BrO-18 - 1975, Boružė (Ladybird), ultralight, twin-boomed glider
BrO-19 - 1976 motor-glider trainer on floats, span 7.00 m
BrO-20 - 1970, Pūkelis, glass-fibre, tested with hull
- BrO-20: Tested 1977, considered world's lightest glider
BrO-21 - 1979, Vyturys 2 x full-span slots, GRP construction
BrO-22 - 1981, Rūtelė, could be operated on removable planing hull
BrO-23KR - 1981 Garnys pod-and-boom glider/motor-glider
- BrO-23KR: As motor-glider, Vichr-25 engine fitted above wing, trike u/c
-- KR designation suffix for helpers Č. Kišonas and K. Rinkevičius

BrOK-1M - 1982 motor glider/ultralight conv. of 1st BrO-23 prototype by C. Kišonas
______________________________

Designs Built for the Nida Sklandymo Mokykloje (Nida Gliding School, formed 1933)

Bronius Oškinis with Gabrielius Miliunas (primarily for Nida school)

MOG -- 1936, primary training glider (also with A. Gysas), 2 for Nida Gliding School)
MO-1 - 1936, primary training glider, 3 built (1936-38, 2 for Nida Gliding School)
MO-2 - 193?, Perkunas (Thunderer) training glider, 3 built (1936-3?, 2 for Nida school)

Balys Karvelis for Nida Sklandymo Mokykloje

1938 - BK-1, competition sailplane
193? - BK-2, competition sailplane

[Post-war Glider Designs by Balys Karvelis]

1954 - BK-3 (enclosed cockpit), unbuilt project
1955 - BK-4 Kaunas, similar to BK-3 concept, 1 built
195? - BK-5, unbuilt project (wings exceeded Standard Class 15m span limits)
1960 - BK-6 Neringa, produced in Simferopol
1972 - BK-7 Lietuva, glassfibre construction, BK-7, BK-7A, BK-7V, BK-7S production versions
-- derivatives: LAK-9, LAK-9M, LAK-10 (prototype), and LAK-12 Lietuva

[Other post-war Lithuanian gliders produced by Sportine Aviacija: BRO-11 Zyle, LAK-11 Nida, LAK-14 Strazdas, LAK-15, LAK-16, LAK-17a, LAK-19, LAK-20, and Genesis 2] [for others, see reply below]
_________________________________
 
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hesham

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My dear Apophenia,

there was also LAK 2,5,6,8,18 & 21.
 

Apophenia

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Hesham: The Lithuanian Aero Club (LAK) applied numbers to its aircraft. Most won't have been designed by LAK but some may have been built by the club. The list of LAK numbers is:

LAK-1 == BK-7 'Lietuvai'
LAK-2 == BrO-11M 'Zylė'
LAK-3 == BrO-16 'Pempė'
LAK-4 == BK-7A 'Lietuva'
LAK-5 == 'Nemunas'
LAK-6 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-7 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-8 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-9 == 1976, no details
-LAK-9M = 'Lietuvą', 1977, no details
LAK-10 = 1977 revised LAK-9M
LAK-11 = ESAG 'Nida', LAK-5 replacement
LAK-12 = 'Lietuva', LAK-10 wing, new fuselage
- LAK-12E = Eksperimentinis, new 12 m wing
LAK-13 = [??]
LAK-14 = Strazdas, primary trainer, wooden 7.34 m wing
LAK-15 = Oct 1989, no details
LAK-16 = Strazdas, primary trainer, GRP wing
- LAK-16M = Metal-framed wing
LAK-17 = 'Nida', 15-18m span
- LAK-17A = 15 m span
- LAK-17B = 15 m span
- LAK-17T = Motor glider, 29 hp
LAK-18 = [??]
LAK-19 = Sailplane, 18 m span
- LAK-19T = Motor glider, 29 hp
LAK-20 - Sailplane 23m or 26m span
- LAK-20M = Motor glider (SOLO)
- LAK-20T = Motor glider (SOLO turbo)
 

hesham

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A great list,many thanks my dear,

and I will search about LAK-18,I know I have it.
 

hesham

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Hi,

here is an Anbo VIII in cutaway.

http://www.plienosparnai.lt/e107_plugins/forum/forum_viewtopic.php?5942
 

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Cy-27

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Re: Reply #1
BRO-14 - 19??, [Project?]

The BRO-14 was a glider dating from 1961 specifically for picking up thermal currents built at the Simferopol Air Repair Workshop but remained in an unfinished state.

Source: Plieno Sparnai No 7 (2002)
 

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Cy-27

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The magazine Sparnai 1983 nr.1 had a feature on Oskinis work, filling in more details (may need the help of Google translate) about the elusive BRO-14, BRO-15 and BRO-19 types mentioned in the initial post by Apophenia.
 

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Apophenia

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Great stuff Cy-27! I just did Google Translate for the type role/description, date, span, wing area, and notes. I have assumed that "hodrosklandytuvas" is a typo for hidrosklandytuvas (hydro glider) but I'm not sure if this means 'Hydrofoil' or, more probably, 'Floats'.

(See Aubi's corrected list below)
 
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Aubi

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Slight changes: (statė means built, not state - lithuanian Google Translate was sadly "infected" with some english words)

BRO-14 -- Trainer, 1961, built by the designers in Simferopol and Kaunas

BRO-15 -- Motor-glider trainer, 1974, built by Prienai KSAG, unfinished

BRO-16 -- Float-glider trainer, 1973, built by the designers and glider pilots, Raguva & Prienai

BRO-17S - Experimental/educational, 1974, built by the designers and aircraft modelers, Palanga and Šilutė

BRO-17V - Float-glider trainer, built by the designers and aircraft modelers, Palanga

BRO-18 -- Experimental, 1975, built by the designers and glider pilots, Nida and Palanga

BRO-19 -- Motor-glider trainer on floats, built by the designers and aircraft modelers, Plungė and Telšiai

BRO-20 -- Educational, 1976, built by the designers and assistants, Palanga

BRO-21 -- Educational, 1978/80, first built by the designers and students of Kuibyshev Aviation Institute, second copy built b the designers in Palanga and Kaunas
 

Cy-27

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Some notes on Lithuanian designer Petras Motiekaitis efforts with the MOTI-1 through to MOTI-4 etc.

Sources at the foot of the document.
 

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