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Kazan Aviation Institute Designs

Cy-27

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The Kazan Aviation Institute was started in 1932 as a school training aeronautical engineers to replace the aerodynamics division of the University of Kazan.
Further aviation work led to specialisms in instrument-making, radio and electronics, and machine-building industries.

The organisation produced many experimental and research types, especially during the Soviet era of Russian history.

see also http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,19060.msg184094.html#msg184094

Kazan KAI 1 (1)
Military Trainer (1935)
Low wing 2-engine wooden monoplane with fixed landing gear. Developed as the UPB.
ENGINE: 1 x Mikulin M-11 (100 hp)
WING SPAN: 12.6 m
LENGTH: 7.9 m
WING AREA: 20.6 m2
EMPTY WEIGHT: 855 kg
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 1,395 kg
MAXIMUM FUEL: 200 kg
ACCOMODATION: 3 crew
CRUISING SPEED: 190 km/h
MAXIMUM SPEED: 218 km/h
LANDING SPEED: 70 km/h
RANGE: 5 hours
ENDURANCE: 1,000 km
FIRST FLIGHT: 1934
WING LOADING: 67.7 kg/m2
POWER LOADING: 7.00 kg/hp
TIME TO 1,000 m: 3.5 min
TIME TO 3,000 m: 16.0 min

Kazan KAI 1 (2)
Glider (1950s)
Single-seat open-cockpit high wing braced glider.

Kazan KAI-2 (1)
Military Trainer Aircraft
A duralumin stressed skin pre-war trainer for combat pilots. A low-wing aircraft with the main wheels retracting inwards into the fuselage immediately behind a radial engine.


Kazan KAI 2(2)
Glider (1950s)
Single-seat post-war glider that saw some production. Was also noted as the KAI N-2.
WING SPAN: 12.7 m
LENGTH: 4.08 m
HEIGHT: 1.56 m
WING AREA: 8 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 20
HORIZONTAL TAIL AREA: 1.0 sq m
VERTICAL TAIL AREA: 0.65 sq m
AILERON AREA: 1.4 sq m
EMPTY WEIGHT: 85 kg
CREW: 1
WING LOADING: 20.6 kg sq m
WING SECTION: NACA 2415
MAX AERODYNAMIC QUALITY: 21

Kazan KAI 3 (1)
Transport Aircraft (1935)
Twin-engine transport aircraft design with a fixed landing gear.
ENGINE: 2 x Mikulin M-11 (100 hp each)
WING SPAN: 12.6 m
LENGTH: 7.98 m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 14,000 kg
MAXIMUM SPEED: 232 km/h
FIRST FLIGHT: 1935

Kazan KAI 3 (2)
Amphibian Glider (1937)
Single-seat record-breaking hydroglider-amphibian was built in the workshops of KAI under the leadership of G. N. Vorobiev. The glider was a single-step flying boat with a cantilever gull-wing and a V-type butterfly tail unit.
WING SPAN: 16.8 m
LENGTH: 6.55 m
HEIGHT: 1.15 m
WING AREA: 13 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 21.7
EMPTY WEIGHT: 191 kg
CREW: 1
FIRST FLIGHT: 1937
WING LOADING: 21.0 kg sq m
WING SECTION: R-III
SINK RATE: 0.54 m per second
MAX AERODYNAMIC QUALITY: 25
TAIL AREA: 2.1 sq m
AILERON AREA: 1.10 sq m

KAI-4 (1) / DKL
Short-range Passenger Transport (1935)

In 1935 work started designing aircraft KAI-4, with twin-engines for passenger transport over short distances. The aircraft weighed in at 3 tons and was a wooden structure with retractable landing gear whicg met all the requirements of the time. The two pilots and ten (according to other sources - six) passengers were in the fuselage, which had even a toilet. The design was thought to provide a sound basis for any cargo or military transport roles that may follow. In August 1937 under the leadership of M. Parvitskoy it was built at the factory number 124 in the 18th workshop. It was fitted with a pair of MG-31 (300 hp). At that time Stalin and his government shown little interest in civil projects and the KAI-4/DKL was dropped (DKL = двухмоторный, краевой, линейный).

Kazan KAI 4 (2)
Glider
No details

Kazan KAI 5
Transport Glider
Named the Sokol (Gull), this was a five seat glider transport design.
WING SPAN: 20.0 m
LENGTH: 9.05 m
HEIGHT: 2.95 m
WING AREA: 25.0 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 16
AILERON AREA: 2.85 sq m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 575 kg
ACCOMODATION: 5
WING LOADING: 48 kg sq m
MAX AERODYNAMIC QUALITY: 20

Kazan KAI 6
Training Glider (1956)
A wooden glider design which flew in March 1956, flown by secretary of the Komsomol committee of the Institute Alexander Pantyukhin . The glider suffered at least four crashes and subsequent rebuilds.

Kazan KAI 7 (1956)
Competition Glider
No details

Kazan KAI 8 (1957)
Training Glider
No details

Kazan KAI 9 (1950s)
Training Glider
Project only for an open cockpit braced high wing glider.

Kazan KAI 10 (1950s)
Training Glider
A single-seat high-wing light training glider with an enclosed cabin.

Kazan KAI 11 (1950s)
Glider
Glider design with an open cockpit, designed for the initial training of pilots glider. All-metal design of which two were ordered by DOSAAF. Wire braced with an open rear fuselage.
WING SPAN: 9.43 m
LENGTH: 5.10 m
HEIGHT: 1.28 m
WING AREA: 10.2 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 8.7
STABILISER AREA: 0.50 sq m
TAIL AREA: 0.85 sq m
KEEL AREA: 0.25 sq m
ELEVATOR AREA: 1.12 sq m
AILERON AREA: 2.30 sq m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 70 kg
ACCOMODATION: 1
MAXIMUM SPEED: 60 km/h
WING LOADING: 14.0 kg sq m
WING SECTION: R-III
SINK RATE: 1.10 m per second

Kazan KAI 12 Primorec
Glider (1957)
Entered production as the Soviet Union's first all metal glider design and named the Primorec. It was derived from the Czech LF109 Pinoyr (Pioneer) design.
LENGTH: 7.800 m
HEIGHT: 2.400 m
WINGSPAN: 13.400 m
MAXIMUM TAKE-OFF WEIGHT: 433.0 kg
MAXIMUM SPEED: 72 km/h
GLIDE INDEX: 18.00
CREW: 2

Kazan KAI 13 Letayushchaya Koltso
Flying Car (1958)
A compact vehicle project to which towed pieces could be attached to produce a VTOL aircraft. Assembly weighed around 150 kg. Known as the "Flying Ring" or “Flying Platform” , it had a single piston engine, tested in 1958. See also http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,3310.msg26640.html#msg26640

Kazan KAI 14
Glider (1950s)
Metal glider design with a lightweight airframe. The KAI-14 conformed to the international Standard Class specification. Construction was all-metal and appeared in two versions. The first was a single-seat competition sailplane, in which the pilot reclined under a long flush canopy and which had a highly polished finish. The second version, was the standard for the series production had a conventional seat arrangement and lacked the polished finish. The wings were a cantilevered shoulder-wing monoplane with wing leading edges swept forward. The landing gear consisted of a non-retractable mono-wheel, faired into the bottom of the fuselage.
WING SPAN: 15.0 m
TAIL SPAN: 2.25 m
LENGTH: 5.82 m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 260 kg
MAXIMUM AERO TOW SPEED: 140 km/h
MAXIMUM WINCH SPEED: 100 km/h
MAXIMUM DIVING SPEED: 250 km/h
LANDING RUN: 80 km/h
FIRST FLIGHT: 1957
MINIMUM SINK RATE: 0.58 m second at 90 km/h

Kazan KAI 15
Light Aeroplane (1960)
A tailless light aeroplane design with an enclosed cockpit, pusher propeller and twin tail fin.


Kazan KAI 16
Performance Glider (1960s)
All-metal new design was to be really lightweight single-seat competition or twin-seat tandem trainer glider.

Kazan KAI 17
Glider (1960s)
No details.

Kazan KAI 18
Amphibious Transport (1950s)
A piston engine project which ed to the KAI 20 Angara amphibian.

Kazan KAI 19
Performance Glider
Open Class glider design originally conceived as a single-seater it was later changed to allow the carriage of two people. All external surfaces were highly polished to reduce drag. The wings were a shoulder wing cantilevered. A fully retractable mono-wheel was fitted with a mud-guard. A variant known as the KAI-19M was produced later in the 1960’s, one of which is displayed at Monino Museum.
WING SPAN: 20.0 m
TAIL SPAN: 2.60 m
LENGTH: 7.96 m
WING AREA: 14.0 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 28.6
EMPTY WEIGHT: 334 kg
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 414 kg (no water ballast)
MAXIMUM SPEED: 250 km/h in smooth air
STALL SPEED: 59 km/h
FUSELAGE COCKPIT WIDTH: 0.64 m
MAXIMUM WING LOADING: 29.5 kg/sq m no water ballast
MAXIMUM WING LOADING: 40.0 kg/sq m with water ballast
BEST GLIDE RATIO: 45 at 85 km/h
MINIMUM SINK RATE: 0.59 m per second
ASPECT RATION: 28.56
 

Cy-27

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Kazan KAI 20 Angara
Amphibious Transport (1956)
The KAI-20 Angara was an all-metal flying boat created by V.A.Korchagin at the Kazan Aviation Institute in 1956 after had completed the development of the KAI-18. He made some changes from the earlier design and replaced the piston engine with TVD-10 engines which were mounted inside the fuselage. Three blade pusher propellers were fitted in the tail. In 1960 the project was modified at Dubna by the V.N.Chelomey Design Bureau. In 1964 the Department of Polar Aviation approved the project for the first stage of manufacturing.
ENGINE: 2 x TVD-10 (750 hp)
WING SPAN: 9.76 m
LENGTH: 5.30 m
HEIGHT: 1.35 m
WING AREA: 11.56 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 7.9
STABILISER AREA: 0.84 sq m
TAIL AREA: 0.78 sq m
KEEL AREA: 0.37 sq m
ELEVATOR AREA: 0.74 sq m
AILERON AREA: 2.85 sq m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 78 kg
ACCOMODATION: 1
MAXIMUM SPEED: 55 km/h
TAKE-OFF SPEED: NOT KNOWN
WING LOADING: 14.5 kg sq m
WING SECTION: R-IIIA
SINK RATE: 1.15 m per second


Kazan KAI-33
Ultralight Floatplane
Single seat pusher with twin floats/booms and a high tail.

Kazan KAI 50
Training Glider (1987)
Single seat parasol training glider design with a R-IIA wing profile. Work started in 1987 and was developed as the KAI 502 in 1989.
WING SPAN: 9.0 m
LENGTH: 4.8 m
HEIGHT: 1.8 m
WING AREA: 10.8 sq m
LOADED WEIGHT: 110 kg
WING ASPECT RATIO: 7.5
STABILISER AREA: 1.40 sq m
TAIL AREA: 0.70 sq m
KEEL AREA: 1.04 sq m
ELEVATOR AREA: 0.86 sq m
AILERON AREA: 2.7 sq m
MAXIMUM TAKE OFF WEIGHT: 84 kg
ACCOMODATION: 1
MAXIMUM SPEED: 55 km/h
WING LOADING: 16.1 kg sq m
WING SECTION: R-IIIA
SINK RATE: 1.10 m per second

Kazan KAI 81 Berkut
Ultralight Aeroplane (1990s)
The KAI-81 Berkut pusher design had rigid plastic wings. Travel and transverse control was accomplished with ailerons, like in a conventional aeroplane. The cockpit was fully closed with canopy. The bolt-on wing made the KAI-81 compact during transportation and parking. Gliding becomes the normal mode when engine is switched off. See also http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,9321.msg84728.html#msg84728
ENGINE: 1 x Rotax 582 UL-2V
WINGSPAN: 8.82 m
LENGTH: 3.1 m
TAKE-OFF WEIGHT: 464 kg
FUEL WEIGHT: 65 kg
PAYLOAD WEIGHT: 175 kg
MAXIMUM SPEED: 225 km/h
CRUISE SPEED: 200 km/h
RATE OF CLIMB: 4.5 m/s
LANDING SPEED: 54 km/h
TAKE-OFF SPEED: 80 km/h
RANGE: 990 km
FUEL TYPE: АI-95 gasoline
RUNWAY LENGTH: 70 m

Kazan KAI 82 Better
Utility Aircraft (1990s)
An air taxi prototype aircraft with a tandem scheme, a multipurpose pusher-type aircraft with 4 to 6 seats with a fixed landing gear.
Like the similarly configured KAI 81, it took on glider characteristics if the engine was off. See also http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,9321.msg84728.html#msg84728

Kazan KAI 83 Moskito
Unmanned Aerial System (1990s)
An unmanned aerial vehicle developed on the basis of the earlier ultralight aircraft KAI 81. It was a flying wing type design with a tail mounted on two thin circular booms. The main objective of the UAV was aerial reconnaissance.

Kazan KAI Koltseplan VTOL
Experimental Aeroplane (1967)
A 1967 project, which remained undesignated, for a vertical take-off aircraft. It was referred to in some publications as the Koltseplan. Powered by a Czech built M-337 (210 hp) 6-inline engine which drove two four blade lift and thrust ducted rotor airscrews which pivoted 90 degrees on each side of the short fuselage with a ducted four-blade propeller in the tail. There were no other tail surfaces. See http://www.secretprojects.co.uk/forum/index.php/topic,11442.msg13568.html#msg13568

Kazan KAI-002 Lark
Ultralight Helicopter (2012)
The KAI-002 Lark (or Skylark) was announced publically in 2012. It featured a fully patented version of coaxial propellers, which the KAI believed easier to build than that of the Kamov Design Bureau. It was the first aircraft from the Kazan Aviation Institute to be created entirely from composites.

Kazan KAI 502
Sports Aeroplane (1989)
A two-seat sporting aeroplane design from 1989 from the students of the Kazan Aviation Institute.
WING SPAN: 11.0 m
LENGTH: 5.0 m
WING AREA: 13.2 sq m
WING ASPECT RATIO: 9.1
NORMAL TAKE-OFF WEIGHT: 110 kg
MAXIMUM TAKE-OFF WEIGHT: 260 kg
ACCOMODATION: 2
MAXIMUM SPEED: 140 km/h
LANDING SPEED: 70 km/h
STALLING SPEED: 52 km/h
FIRST FLIGHT: 1989
PROFILE: R-IIIA
SINK RATE: 1.3 m per second

Kazan KAI Ikarus
Ekranoplan
A wing-in-ground-effect (WIG) design from the Kazan Aviation Institute under the leadership of Vyacheslav Firsov, Professor of Structural Mechanics. In September 2007 it was at the experimental prototype stage of flight testing. The aeroplane had rectangular wing and strongly developed horizontal tail. The wing was free of mechanization and controls. This and simplified the design and manufacturing technology of the wing. The machine was made entirely of fiberglass with extensive use of sandwich structures. The fuselage and wing had a single-curvature that minimized the amount of tooling required.

Kazan KAI Kruiz
Ultralight (2000s)
A trike-type ultralight with a Rotax 503-918 engine bearing the name Kruiz (Cruise). It had a fixed wheel or ski undercarriage and a high mounted material wing with internal tubular support. The aircraft was controlled by a bar in front of the pilot.
ENGINE: 1 x Rotax 503-918
WINGSPAN: 10.0 m
LENGTH: 2.4 m
HEIGHT: 3.5 m
RANGE: 350 km
ACCOMODATION: 2

Kazan KAI Turbodiskolet
Experimental Rescue (2000s)
For take-off, landing and rescue aircraft from the wing blades are put forward, turning it into a rotor. In horizontal flight, the lift force is created rotating disk wing, in which the blades are removed.

Kazan KAI KAI-VT
Advanced Unmanned Flying Wing (2010s)
A project which was characterized by its simple design. I was to be balanced in all flight modes with the ability to perform horizontal flight, vertical take-off and landing and hover in one place.

Kazan KAI Tandem Scheme Project
Advanced Passenger Transport
An aeroplane tandem scheme project with all-moving wings allowing for horizontal (or nearly horizontal) position of the fuselage on take-off, landing and during the flight of the aircraft. Two equal sized passenger fuselages each with its own wing and helped reduced the weight of the fuselage of the aircraft structure as a whole. The two engines were rear mounted.

Kazan KAI Short Haul Twin
Advanced Twin Utility Transport
Specific design of the aircraft is that most of the primary structure is made of composite materials. A twin engine type for business or short haul use the wings featured winglets and the type was to have a T-tail configuration. The selected power plant were two Czech Walter M601E.

Other Projects from 2010:

Aircraft with rotary wings - Butterfly wings directly change the lift. The fuselage of the aircraft is always in the horizontal position. The desired angle of attack is created by turning the wing.

Sources:
Tehnika-Molodezhi 1958-03 magazine
Russian Aviation Research Group magazine 147 [Page 85] September 2001
Russian Civil & Military Aircraft 1884-1969 by H.J.Nowarra & G.R. Duval (Harleyford)
Soviet Gliders by U.A. Resov (Moscow Mashinostroen)
Janes All The Worlds Aircraft 1966-67 by John W R Taylor (editor) (Janes)
The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995 by Bill Gunston (Osprey)

Alexandre Savine WWW Pages 2001
http://www.belgium.mid.ru/documents/en_project/16_kai6.htm
http://www.tatpressa.ru/news/5815.html
http://kipla.kai.ru/project.html
http://www.kai.ru/science/projects/
http://nich.kai.ru/
 

Stargazer2006

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Beautiful piece of research, Cy-27! Thanks a lot for sharing.
 

hesham

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Amazing list,thank you my dear Cy-27.
 

hesham

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Hi,


for KAI 17,it was a sailplane or training glider as I know,I will check about it.
 

hesham

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Hi,

I don't know if that list is for Kazan and Kharkov,and I don't know how to separate them;


http://ravil-veniaminov.narod.ru/index/0-37

- КАИ-1 – самолет – 4 экз.;
- КАИ-1 – гидропланер – 2 экз.;
- КАИ-1 – глиссер;
- КАИ-2 – учебный истребитель (проект);
- КАИ-2 – планер;
- КАИ-3 – пассажирский самолет (проект);
- КАИ-3 – планер;
- КАИ-4 (ДКЛ) – пассажирский самолет;
- КАИ-4 – планер рекордный;
- КАИ-5 – экспериментальный самолет;
- КАИ-5 «Сокол» – десантный планер;
- КАИ-6 – планер;
- КАИ-7 – планер-бесхвостка (проект);
- КАИ-8 – планер (проект);
- КАИ-9 – планер;
- КАИ-10 – планер (проект);
- КАИ-11 – планер, серийный, около 100 экз.;
- КАИ-12 «Приморец» – планер, серийный, более 700 экз.;
- КАИ-13 – самолет (макет);
- КАИ-14 – планер – 3 экз.;
- КАИ-15 – самолет-бесхвостка (проект);
- КАИ-16 – самолет (проект);
- КАИ-17 – планер – 2 экз.;
- КАИ-19 – планер;
- КАИ-19-2 – двухместный планер;
- КАИ-21 (СА-7У) – планер;
- КАИ-23 – двухместный высотный планер (проект);
- КАИ-30 «Кольцеплан» (макет);
- КАИ-31 – самолет с ГТД (проект);
- КАИ-32 – самолет (проект);
- КАИ-34 «Чайка» – планер;
- КАИ-36 – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-37 – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-42 «Атмосфера-1» – МДПЛА (малоразмерный дистанционно-управляемый летательный аппарат);
- КАИ-43 «Атмосфера-2»;
- КАИ-43 «Атмосфера-2М» – около 50 экз.;
- КАИ-46 – двухместный планер (проект);
- КАИ-47 – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-48 – автожир (макет);
- КАИ-49 – дельтаплан «Беркут»;
- КАИ-50 «Букварь» – планер;
- КАИ-502 – двухместный планер;
- КАИ-502М – двухместный планер;
- КАИ-50МП – мотопланер;
- КАИ-51 – МДПЛА «Волна»;
- КАИ-52 – МДПЛА «Циклон»;
- КАИ-55 – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-57 «Чайка» – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-57М «Чайка-2» – дельтаплан;
- КАИ-60 – самолет-моноплан;
- КАИ-61 – сверхлегкий одноместный самолет;
- КАИ-65 – мотодельтаплан;
- КАИ-69 – двухместный мотодельтаплан;
- КАИ-73 «Авангард» – двухместный мотодельтаплан;
- КАИ-75 «Аист» – двухместный мотодельтаплан;
- КАИ-80 «Тургай» – четырехместный самолет (проект);
- КАИ-81 – двухместный самолет;
- Экраноплан.
 

Cy-27

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I don't know if that list is for Kazan and Kharkov,and I don't know how to separate them
ХАИ will be the equivalent of KhAI = Kharkov Aviation Institute

КАИ will be the equivalent of KAI = Kazan Aviation Institute

The above list is marked КАИ = Kazan
 

hesham

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OK my dear Cy-27,


but can you please translate it,and also you can add it to your list.
 

Cy-27

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Here is a direct translation of the list from Hesham, I have had a look at the web pages and will post additional data for new entries later on...

http://ravil-veniaminov.narod.ru/index/0-37

- KAI-1 - aircraft - 4 copies .;
- KAI-1 - gidroplaner - 2 copies .;
- KAI-1 - glider;
- KAI-2 - the fighter training (draft);
- KAI-2 - glider;
- KAI-3 - Passenger Airliner (draft);
- KAI-3 - glider;
- KAI-4 (DCL) - passenger aircraft;
- KAI-4 - Glider record;
- KAI-5 - experimental aircraft;
- KAI-5 "Falcon" - landing a glider;
- KAI-6 - glider;
- KAI-7 - Glider, tailless (draft);
- KAI-8 - Glider (draft);
- KAI-9 - glider;
- KAI-10 - Glider (draft);
- KAI-11 - Glider, serial, about 100 copies .;
- KAI-12 "Primoretz" - Glider, serial, more than 700 copies .;
- KAI-13 - the plane (layout);
- KAI-14 - Glider - 3 copies .;
- KAI-15 - tailless aircraft (draft);
- KAI-16 - the plane (draft);
- KAI-17 - Glider - 2 copies .;
- KAI-19 - a glider;
- KAI-19-2 - Double Glider;
- KAI-21 (SA-7U) - glider;
- KAI-23 - Double high-altitude glider (draft);
- KAI-30 "Koltseplan" (layout);
- KAI-31 - the plane with GTE (draft);
- KAI-32 - the plane (draft);
- KAI-34 "Chaika" - glider;
- KAI-36 - glider;
- KAI-37 - glider;
- KAI-42 "Atmosphere-1" - MDPLA (small-sized remote-controlled aircraft);
- KAI-43 "Atmosphere-2";
- KAI-43 "Atmosphere-2M" - about 50 copies .;
- KAI-46 - Double Glider (draft);
- KAI-47 - glider;
- KAI-48 - gyro (layout);
- KAI-49 - glider "Berkut";
- KAI-50 "Primer" - glider;
- KAI-502 - Double Glider;
- KAI-502M - double glider;
- KAI, 50MP - glider;
- KAI-51 - MDPLA "Wave";
- KAI-52 - MDPLA "Cyclone";
- KAI-55 - glider;
- KAI-57 "Chaika" - glider;
- KAI-57M "Chaika-2" - glider;
- KAI-60 - monoplane;
- KAI-61 - ultralight single-seater;
- KAI-65 - trike;
- KAI-69 - Double trike;
- KAI-73 "Vanguard" - Double trike;
- KAI-75 "Stork" - Double trike;
- KAI-80 "Turgai" - four-seater (the project);
- KAI-81 - two-seater;
- Ekranoplan / WiG.
 

Cy-27

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Some more notes taken from the http://ravil-veniaminov.narod.ru/ pages on types not recorded earlier.

Kazan KAI-19-2
Glider
Twin seat glider design based on the KAI-19.

Kazan KAI-21 (SA-7U)
Glider

No Details

Kazan KAI-23
High-altitude Glider

Two seat high-altitude glider project.

Kazan KAI-30 Koltseplan
VTOL Project

Project only led to work on the KAI-31.

Kazan KAI-31 Koltseplan
VTOL Project

Mockup of VTOL aircraft KAI-31 'Koltseplan' was built at the 22nd plant of KAI and shown in Moscow. This apparatus was designed by the engineer, who came from Kharkov, Valery Reshetnikov, an employee at RMS plant number 22.

Kazan KAI-34 Chaika (Seagull)
Glider (1970)

Single Glider of wooden structure, the KAI-34 was built in 1970 and exhibited in Moscow in the early 1970s.

Kazan KAI-36
Hydro Glider (1970)

A glider from 1970, successfully tested on the river Kazanka, a water glider?. Glider first flew without official permission. Project under the supervision of Paul S. Kamyshev who took responsibility and allowed glider flying at low altitudes, which it did well.

Kazan KAI-36EK-M
Glider (1974)

Subsequent KAI-36 development glider design from 1974.

Kazan KAI-37
Glider (1974)

No Details

Kazan KAI-42 Atmosphere-1
UAV (1975)

First MDPLA (small-sized remote-controlled aircraft). In 1975, the KAI SDB (Students) started to work on the creation of small unmanned remote-controlled aircraft carriers. First of these, the KAI-42 was made of fibreglass.

Kazan KAI-43 Atmosphere-2
UAV (1976)

The performance tests took place at the Main Geophysical Observatory near Leningrad. Fibreglass construction. 1.5 kg payload.

Kazan KAI-43 Atmosphere-2M
UAV (1977)

The success of the first models led to a development where a 3 kg payload could be carried. Production of around 50 copies.

Kazan KAI-46
Glider

Twin-seat glider project.

Kazan KAI-47
Glider

No Details

Kazan KAI-47EK
Glider (1976)

Improved KAI-47 design (with an engine?).

Kazan KAI-48
Gyroplane

Project only.

Kazan KAI-49 Berkut
Hang Glider

First generation hang glider.

Kazan KAI-49U Berkut
Hang Glider

Hang-glider equipped with a motor.

Kazan KAI-502M
Glider

A double-seat glider

Kazan KAI-50MP
Motor Glider (1990)

Motor glider two-seater. The earlier KAI-50 was fitted with a Privet engine. The two-cylinder single-cylinder engine was located behind the pilot on a pylon. First flew in 1990 with students on board. There were had plans to launch it in the series, but negotiations have stalled with the collapse of the Soviet Union ceased.

Kazan KAI-51 Volna (Wave)
UAV

Based on the experiences of the earlier Atmosphere UAV's. The work on this area continued in the KAI-51 and KAI-52 projects, which were designed for 10 kg of equipment.

Kazan KAI-52 Tsyklon (Cyclone)
UAV

Small unmanned vehicle designed for 10 kg payload of equipment.

Kazan KAI-55
Glider

No details

Kazan KAI-57 Chaika (Seagull)
Glider (1982)

Glider design from 1982, later appeared as the KAI-57M

Kazan KAI-57M Chaika-2
Glider (1986)

Modified KAI-57 glider appeared in four years after the original KAI-57 glider.

Kazan KAI-60
Glider (1989)

Fibre glass KAI-60 flew in 1989 and successfully flew for several years.

Kazan KAI-61
Ultra light

A single-seat ultra light design.

Kazan KAI-65
Trike (1985)

In 1985 the trike-glider KAI-65 appeared equipped with a motor, no designation for this given.

Kazan KAI-69
Ultralight

Two-person trike based on the KAI-61

Kazan KAI-73
Trike (1988)

Double trike from 1988 , which went into limited production.

Kazan KAI-75 Aist (Stork)
Trike

Two-person trike ultra light.

Kazan KAI-80 Turgai
Ultra light

Ultra light four-seat project. A twin-engine 4-seater monoplane of traditional schemes, but with a forward-swept wing.

Kazan KAI-Ekranoplan
Wing in Ground Effect Vehicle (1995)

A project for a five-seat single-engine light WIG, developed in the mid-1990s. Under the direction of professor Firsov the machine body was made of composite materials. It was finally completed in 2007 and the WIG was launched and began its tests.
 

hesham

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Excellent work my dear Cy-27.
 

hesham

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My dear Cy-27,


you forget to add KAI-4 to your first post.
 

Cy-27

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Thanks Hesham, I forgot a whole paragraph of text!

It has now been added into the original post where it should have been.
 

Cy-27

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Kazan KAI-UK-1
Light Aeroplane (1940)


The last aircraft built in KAI before The Great Patriotic War was the design UK-1 (Elastic wing). Information on it is very sparse.

In 1938, on the instructions of TsAGI, the Design Bureau under the guidance of GN Vorobiev, were working on an experimental two-seat monoplane with MV-6 (220 hp) engine . It was supposed to create two versions of the wing - the ordinary wooden (UK-1B), and elastic, mixed construction (UK-1A). The design involved some form of wing twisting designed and built in 1940, next year the aircraft was transferred to TsAGI, but due to the advent of the war is was not completed.

The institute's archive folder holds a letter from Vorobyov of TSAGI from 21 June 1940 on the status of work on the flight instance UK-1.
It was reported that "the aircraft with a normal wing is ready for the transfer to the airfield for final assembly and flight tests". Nothing more is known.

Source:
http://ravil-veniaminov.narod.ru/
 

hesham

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Nice find my dear Cy-27.
 

hesham

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The Kazan KAI-5 drawing.

Десантные планеры Сталина 1930-1955 гг. "С неба - в бой!"
 

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hesham

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Hi,


is there any drawing or picture surviving to Kazan KAI-15 tailless light aircraft ?.
 

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Ну, а что в Советском Союзе? В 1932 году конструкторы Г. Заславский и А. Бас-Дубов начали работы над 1-моторной «рамой» ПИ – пушечный истребитель (слева вверху) под безоткатные орудия Курческого, но самолёт так и не построили. Зато в 1942 году в Казани был облетан экспериментальный 2-балочный планёр А. Сенькова «ЛС» (слева внизу), а в 1948 году там же был поднят в воздух классический «рамный» планёр Т-1 конструкторов Г. Бакшаева и Г. Воробьева (справа вверху), предназначенный для десантирования 16 солдат. Остался в проекте 2-балочный 2-моторный штурмовик В. Ильюшина МШ 1942 года, в литературе часто называемый Ил-6/МШ-2 (справа внизу).

THE COMPLETE TEXT FOR HESHAMS PICTURE!
 

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Maveric said:
(...) в 1942 году в Казани был облетан экспериментальный 2-балочный планёр А. Сенькова «ЛС» (слева внизу)(...).
(...) In 1942 the experimental twin-boom glider "LS" of A. Senkov was flight tested in Kazan (bottom left picture) (...)

I guess ???
 

hesham

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Thank you my dears Maveric and Deltafan,

I forget it,its here.
 

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Cy-27

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The LS may have been a TsAGI led design. (Tsentrahl'nyy Aerodinamicheskiy i Ghidrodinamicheskiy Institoot- Central Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics Institute) also translated as CAHI (as in the test image above) or ZAGI.
 

hesham

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Cy-27 said:
The LS may have been a TsAGI led design. (Tsentrahl'nyy Aerodinamicheskiy i Ghidrodinamicheskiy Institoot- Central Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics Institute) also translated as CAHI (as in the test image above) or ZAGI.
Thank you my dear Cy-27.
 

hesham

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My dear Cy-27;

KAI-7 was a Project for wooden flying-wing glider with twin fin.
KAI-8 was a Duralumin competition sailplane of 1957
KAI-17 was a Dural side-by-side two-seat training glider with tandem wheel-gear,1962
 

hesham

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hesham said:
My dear Cy-27;

KAI-7 was a Project for wooden flying-wing glider with twin fin.
KAI-8 was a Duralumin competition sailplane of 1957
KAI-17 was a Dural side-by-side two-seat training glider with tandem wheel-gear,1962
Unfortunately I don'r remember the source,can anyone help ?.
 

Deltafan

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Hi,

There is some photos and Drawings here about Kazan Aviation Institute planes and projects (in Russian, sorry)


Found too these russian links about KAI-1 (It seems that there is some confusion between KAI-1 and KAI-3, to the extent that KAI-1 number 3 has become KAI-3)


(with a little movie of a flying KAI-1)

 
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