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Author Topic: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship  (Read 11768 times)

Offline Triton

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Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« on: October 14, 2009, 02:05:22 pm »
"Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship", Michael A Cairl, US Naval Institute Proceedings, December 1978

Yet another late 1970's proposal to replace expensive US Navy supercarriers and their escorts with presumably cheaper ship types. This time it's a hybrid warship called a "through-deck cruiser" capable of operating V/STOL aircraft that would not require escorts.

Ahhhh... gotta love the high expectations that they had for V/STOL aircraft in the 1970s.  :)

General Characteristics

Length: 886 feet (270 meters)
Beam: 102 feet (31 meters)

Speed: 27-28 knots

Displacement: 45,000 tons (41,000 metric tons)

Embarked aircraft: 25-30 helicopters or V/STOL aircraft

Links to the article:
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-1.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-2.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-3.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-4.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-5.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-6.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-7.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-8.jpg
http://i21.photobucket.com/albums/b291/barquitos/P-Files/NewCapitalShip1978-9.jpg
« Last Edit: October 14, 2009, 02:53:38 pm by Triton »

Offline SOC

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #1 on: October 14, 2009, 02:56:50 pm »
Anti-ship missiles, guns, V/STOL aircraft...dude clearly had Kiev on the brain when he came up with that one!

Offline Colonial-Marine

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #2 on: October 14, 2009, 06:09:15 pm »
The most impressive thing I actually find about the design is the turret with twin 203mm cannons. Related to the Mk.71 MCLWG in anyway?
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Offline Pioneer

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #3 on: October 22, 2009, 02:38:35 am »
I like the concept and design

An aircraft carrier which contributes greatly to its own defence, with minimal expensive escorts!!!
Hell its a true multi-purpose aircraft carrier!

Sign the RAN up for two please

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Pioneer

Offline archipeppe

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #4 on: October 22, 2009, 02:45:38 am »
Anti-ship missiles, guns, V/STOL aircraft...dude clearly had Kiev on the brain when he came up with that one!

Absolutely, taking into account that also the Italian "Giuseppe Garibaldi" (C-551) has certain capabilities of self-defence.

Offline Loren

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #5 on: October 23, 2009, 02:45:26 pm »
As I recall the US Navy called the Keiv class 'floating Navy Crosses', because they figured that the first Naval aviator that got to them in a war would get one for sinking them.

Attempting to do everything on one ship makes them bad at just about everything.
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Offline JohnR

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #6 on: October 23, 2009, 03:29:21 pm »
IMHO the stupidest feature of this design was the fitting of the twin 8" gun.  Why put a high value unit into harms way but putting them into Litoral waters to undertake bombardment, making them more vulnerable to coastal defence and enemy aircraft.

The rest of it's armament makes sense to me, if the SAM system is a point defence system such as ESSM, Sea Wolf, Mica, et al. I also like the all round fire of the Oto 76mm, useful as an AA gun, potentially an effective CIWS and good anti surface firepower, to counter small craft attacking the ship (a la USS Cole).  I realise that some of these roles are undertaken by the escort, but I believe in preparing for the worst case scenario.  (Hope for the best, prepare for the worst).

Offline Triton

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #7 on: October 23, 2009, 05:16:38 pm »
As pointed out earlier, the through-deck cruiser proposed by Cairl seems very similar to the Soviet Navy Kiev-class in displacement and dimensions.

General characteristics:

Length:    273 m (896 ft)
Beam:    32.6 m (107 ft)
Draught:    10 m (33 ft)

Embarked aircraft: 26-30

    * 12-13 Yak-38 VSTOL
    * 14-17 Ka-25 or Ka-27/29 helicopters

It is also interesting to remember that Cairl proposed the through-deck cruiser at a time when the nuclear powered supercarrier and its battlegroup were deemed to be too expensive to build and operate. During this period, the US Navy was investigating the sea control ship, CVV, and the flight-deck Spruance-class. At a time when it was believed that two conventionally powered CVV ships could be built for the price of one new Nimitz-class supercarrier. The Carter Administration also killed the nuclear-powered strike cruiser and the CGN-42 class equipped with Aegis on a Virginia-class hull as too expensive.

It was also proposed at a time when there were high expectations for V/STOL aircraft and that advances in technology would allow V/STOL aircraft to do the job of carrier-deployed CTOL aircraft.

I wonder what Cairl would make of the Indian Navy's conversion of the Kiev-class Admiral Gorshkov to INS Vikramaditya or the Royal Navy's replacement of the Invincible-class with the Queen Elizabeth-class.
« Last Edit: October 23, 2009, 05:28:38 pm by Triton »

Offline Abraham Gubler

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #8 on: October 25, 2009, 03:38:46 pm »
I wonder what Cairl would make of the Indian Navy's conversion of the Kiev-class Admiral Gorshkov to INS Vikramaditya or the Royal Navy's replacement of the Invincible-class with the Queen Elizabeth-class.

Or even the removal of the Invincible’s Sea Dart system despite its minimal impact on the flight operations part of the ship c to other ‘through-deck-cruisers’ and hybrids and its successful use in the Falklands (HMS Invicible’s Sea Dart).

The reality often forgotten by those wanting to conceive of ship designs is that ships need to sail in various ways to do various jobs and almost always work in groups as taskforces. So when you focus on a single hull design it may make sense to add a big surface to air missile system. But when at sea to get the most out of that system the ship needs to be deployed in a certain way which is often very different to the deployment needed to operate aircraft from a flight deck. So if you operate the ship to support flight operations the missile system (or gun) because useless and vice versa. So the hybrid capability becomes a failed investment. Making the added expense of two hulls much more attractive as it enables you to deploy the two types of systems to their maximum.
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Offline Avimimus

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #9 on: March 17, 2017, 10:25:56 am »
Interesting observation sir!

I can see this definitely applying to landing support, carriers, air defence ships (which are probably useful as picket ships).

Would you say that this also applies to ASW vs. ASuW? Or is building an ASuW capability into AD and ASW ships a reasonable approach?

Offline sferrin

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #10 on: March 17, 2017, 10:56:51 am »
Ahhhh... gotta love the high expectations that they had for V/STOL aircraft in the 1970s.  :)

If they'd gone with the Convair 200 instead of the XFV-12 it might have been very different.  Even the JSF might have ended up different had they gone with the 200A
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Offline Grey Havoc

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #11 on: March 17, 2017, 11:56:10 am »
Ahhhh... gotta love the high expectations that they had for V/STOL aircraft in the 1970s.  :)

If they'd gone with the Convair 200 instead of the XFV-12 it might have been very different.  Even the JSF might have ended up different had they gone with the 200A

Very true, methinks.
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Offline Triton

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #12 on: March 17, 2017, 04:34:53 pm »
Ahhhh... gotta love the high expectations that they had for V/STOL aircraft in the 1970s.  :)

If they'd gone with the Convair 200 instead of the XFV-12 it might have been very different.  Even the JSF might have ended up different had they gone with the 200A

I disagree. Remember that the Ford Administration made people very angry within the Congress and the United States Navy when the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier was cancelled in favor of two CVVs (Aircraft Carrier (Medium)) in 1976. Sadly, the Carter Administration continued the CVV program and President Carter vetoed the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier in 1979. Once Carter reversed himself and CVN-71 was approved in the FY 81 budget, the VTOL fighter was dead. Elements within Congress and the United States Navy would have strangled the Convair 200A to death seeing it as a threat to the supercarrier. If it had worked, the Rockwell XFV-12 would have been cancelled by the Reagan Administration for the same reason.

The through-deck cruiser suffers from the same fatal flaw as the CVV, it is sold as a cheaper alternative to the CVN.

A VTOL fighter might have made sense for the United States Navy on a small ASW/escort carrier protecting merchant convoys crossing the North Atlantic to the United Kingdom from Soviet submarines and Soviet aircraft carrying anti-ship missiles in the event of war in Europe.


« Last Edit: March 17, 2017, 05:28:02 pm by Triton »

Offline Pioneer

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Re: Through-deck cruiser: the new capital ship
« Reply #13 on: March 21, 2017, 04:53:48 pm »
Ahhhh... gotta love the high expectations that they had for V/STOL aircraft in the 1970s.  :)

If they'd gone with the Convair 200 instead of the XFV-12 it might have been very different.  Even the JSF might have ended up different had they gone with the 200A

I disagree. Remember that the Ford Administration made people very angry within the Congress and the United States Navy when the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier was cancelled in favor of two CVVs (Aircraft Carrier (Medium)) in 1976. Sadly, the Carter Administration continued the CVV program and President Carter vetoed the fourth Nimitz-class supercarrier in 1979. Once Carter reversed himself and CVN-71 was approved in the FY 81 budget, the VTOL fighter was dead. Elements within Congress and the United States Navy would have strangled the Convair 200A to death seeing it as a threat to the supercarrier. If it had worked, the Rockwell XFV-12 would have been cancelled by the Reagan Administration for the same reason.

The through-deck cruiser suffers from the same fatal flaw as the CVV, it is sold as a cheaper alternative to the CVN.

A VTOL fighter might have made sense for the United States Navy on a small ASW/escort carrier protecting merchant convoys crossing the North Atlantic to the United Kingdom from Soviet submarines and Soviet aircraft carrying anti-ship missiles in the event of war in Europe.

How different and more powerful the US military might be if it wasn't for partisan politics and financially encourage Congress  :-[ :-[

Regards
Pioneer