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Author Topic: Lithuanian Aircraft Designations  (Read 7350 times)

Offline Apophenia

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Lithuanian Aircraft Designations
« on: June 06, 2009, 12:15:52 am »
Lithuanian Powered Aircraft Production -- 1922-1940
[see Glider section below for motor gliders]

Lithuanian organization abbreviations

KA ---- Karo Aviacija (Lithuanian Air Force)
KATS -- Karo Aviacijos Tiekimo Skyrius (Army Aviation Workshops), Kaunas
LAK --- Lietuvos aeroklubas (Lithuanian Aero Club)
Journal: Lietuvos sparnai - "Lithuanian Wings."

KATS under Air Forces C-in-C, LtCol Antanas Gustaitis. LtCol Gustaitis designed a series of training and military aircraft under the designation ANBO (see below).
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Dobkeviciaus (Sn Lt Jurigio Dobkeviciaus)

Dobi-I --- 1922, single-seat, high-wing sports monoplane, 1 x 30 hp Haacke HFM-2, 1 built
Dobi-II -- 1923, 2-seat high-wing monoplane recce, 1 x 200 hp Benz Bz.IV, 1 built
Dobi-III - 1924, single-seat high-wing cranked monoplane fighter, 185 hp BMW IIIA, 1 built
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AFG (Allgemeine Flug-Gesellschaft) Memel

AFG.1 - 1925, Albatros L 65 2-seat biplane recce fighter built at Memel
 -- 2 prototypes, powered 450 & 565 hp Napier Lion, respectively

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ANBO (Antanas Nori Buti Ore)

ANBO-I ---- 1925, 1-seat low-wing sport monoplane, 1 x 35 hp Anzani, 1 built

ANBO-II --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 60 hp Walter NZ, ? built (Albatross B.II replacement)

ANBO-III -- 2-seat recce, 1 x 120 hp Walter Mars, ? built

ANBO-IV --- 2-seat recce/lt bomber, 1 x 585 hp Bristol Pegasus IIM2 (or L.2), 14 built
 -- ANBO-IVM (modified ANBO-IV ?)
 -- ANBO-IVL (?)
http://www.lizdas.lt/aviacija/lietuva/istorija/lietuvos_sakalai_eur.jpg

ANBO-41 --- 2-seat high-wing monoplane recce, 1 x 800 hp Bristol Pegasus XI, 19 or 20 built
 --  ANBO-IV development, some sources list a 1,010 hp Pegasus XXIII

ANBO-V ---- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 85 hp Walter Vega, 5 built

ANBO-51 --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 160 hp AS Genet Major, ANBO-V development, 10 built

ANBO-VI --- 2-seat trainer, 1 x 185 hp Curtiss Challenger, 4 built

ANBO-VII -- trainer coupe for LAK, 1 x 100 hp ?, unbuilt project

ANBO-VIII - 2-seat, low-wing monoplane lt attack, 1 x 930 hp Pegasus XVIII, 1 built
 --  prototype only, 60 production ANBO-VIII planned, 4 x fixed/1 x flexible 7.7mm Browning

ANBO-?? --- Gladiators assembled by ANBO under Gloster supervision (arriving Oct/Nov 1938)
 -- Lithuanian Gladiators were given 'G' serials (but not necessarily an ANBO type number)
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ANBO Types on KA Strength - June 1940

I Zvalgybos Grupe (Recce Group)

2 Eskadra -- 7 x ANBO-41    
6 Eskadra -- 3 x ANBO-41, 3 x ANBO-IVM [and Albatross BII]

II Nailintuva Grupe (Fighter Group, incl. 1 Esk and 5 Esk)

7 Eskadra -- Fiat CR20 unit (x 7) with 1 x ANBO-51 on strength (as hack/liaison ?)

III Bombonesiu Grupe (Bomber Group)

3 Eskadra -- 1 x ANBO-51 (hack?), 14 x Ansaldo A-120, 2 x DH 89M, 1 x LVG C.VI (hack ?)
4 Eskadra -- 10 x ANBO-41, and 1 x LVG C.VI (hack ?)

IV Szkolna Grupe (Training Group) -- no ANBO types on strength
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Lithuanian Glider (Sklandytuva) and Motor-Glider Production -- 1922-1940 [by year]

1922 ---- S-1 - 1922, designer V. Senbergas
1932 ---- [B. Oškinis begins glider designs, see separate entry below]
1932 ---- Unnamed, designed by P. Mainelis, 2 built (based on German glider)
1934 ---- Gandras, designed by Skurauskas & Mikevicius, 1 built (based on German glider)
1934-35 - Unnamed, designed by V. Salavejus primary training gliders, 2 built
1934-35 - Nida, designed by Miliunas & Kontrimas glider (based on German Grunau Baby)
1936 ---- P-1 Uodas glider, designed by Antanas Paknys
1936 ---- P-2, tandem 2-seat glider, designed by A. Paknys with A. Gysas, two built
 -- Originally designated PAGY or PAGY-1 [some sources confuse P-2 with PAGY-2, below]
1937 ---- PAGY-2, single-seat training glider, designed by A. Paknys with A. Gysas, 1 built
 -- 1938, fitted with 18-20 hp engine [sources vary as to conversion to or from motorglider]
1937 ---- P-3 Nerija (Spit) http://www.lizdas.lt/aviacija/lietuva/nerija.jpg
1937 ---- Nykstukas, designed by A. Gysas
1937 ---- Zaibas, designed by A. Gysas
1937 ---- Birzietis competition sailplane, designed by P. Mainelis (based on Gö-3 Minimoa)
1937 ---- BK-1 Vanagas (Hawk), competition glider, designed by Balys Karvelis, LV-Vanagas
1937 ---- Keva motorglider, 1 x 28hp Scott, designed by Z. Rimsa, built by G. Miliunas
1940 ---- BK-2, competition glider, designed by Balys Karvelis,

Gliders by Bronius Oškinis for ATM Dirbtuvese (Technical University Workshop, Kaunas)
 -- ATM = Aukstesniojoje Technikos Mokykloje (built German RRG-23 Zögling glider in 1932)

Designations are originally 'T-' for Technikas. Then, BRO (or BrO) for BRonius Oškinis

T-1 --- 1932, Technikas-1, improved RRG-23 Zögling (based on German drawings), 1 built
 -- T-1 used to test/train Lithuanian military pilots at Kaunas
BRO-1 - 1935-36, re-named 'production' version of T-1, 4 built
T-2 --- 1934, Technikas-2, aerodynamically improved T-1/BRO-1 glider, 1 built for LAK
BRO-2 - 1936, re-named T-2 glider (constructed by A. Gyras), 1 built
BRO-3 - 1936, Pukas (Down) training glider, 1 built
 -- 1937, G. Miliunas workshops build two more BRO-3 (named Aru and Giriunu)
BRO-4 - 1937, Ruta (Ruth) shoulder gull-wing acrobatic glider, LY-RUTA
BRO-5 - 1938, Ruta II acrobatic glider, re-winged BRO-4,
BRO-6 - 19??, Pukas III, trainer, not completed (despite plans for mass production)

Powered Aircraft by Bronius Oškinis for ATM Dirbtuvese

BRO-7 - 1938, 'easy' sport aircraft, 1 built, 1 left incomplete [same as BRO-8?]
BRO-8 - 19??, sport aircraft, built but not flown [perhaps second, unfinished BRO-7?]

[Post-war Glider Designs by Bronius Oškinis]

BRO-9 -- 1952, Ziogas (Grasshopper) pod-and-boom trainer, 3 prototypes, production 1954
BRO-10 - 1949, Pukas III, pylon-mounted wing sailplane, planned production cancelled
BRO-11 - 1954, Pionierius (Pioneers) glider, BRO-11M Zyle (Tit), elevon controls
BRO-12 - 1957, 'thermal' glider, semi-enclosed single-seat cockpit, serial production.
BRO-13 - 1961, V-tailed sailplane, largely complete but not flown http://www.vgc.lt/page.php?170
BRO-14 - 19??, [Project?]
BRO-15 - 19??, [Project?]
BRO-16 - 1973, Pempe, amphibious biplane light glider, produced as LAK-3
BRO-17 - 1974, BRO-17S Bitele, BRO-17V Antele, amphibious biplane gliders
BRO-18 - 1975, Boruze (Ladybird), ultralight, twin-boomed glider
BRO-19 - 19??, [Project?]
BRO-20 - 1970, Pukelis
CMO-21 - 1979, Vyturys
BRO-22 - 1981, Rutele, could be operated on floats
BRO-23 - 198?, BRO-23KR Garnys, training glider (with C. Kisono and K. Rinkevicius)

BROK-1M - motor glider/ultralight version of BRO-23 (with C. Kisono)
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Designs Built for the Nida Sklandymo Mokykloje (Nida Gliding School, formed 1933)

Bronius Oškinis with Gabrielius Miliunas [primarily for Nida school]

MOG -- 1936, primary training glider (also with A. Gysas), 2 for Nida Gliding School)
MO-1 - 1936, primary training glider, 3 built (1936-38, 2 for Nida Gliding School)
MO-2 - 193?, Perkunas (Thunderer) training glider, 3 built (1936-3?, 2 for Nida school)

Balys Karvelis for Nida Sklandymo Mokykloje

1938 - BK-1, competition sailplane
193? - BK-2, competition sailplane

[Post-war Glider Designs by Balys Karvelis]

1954 - BK-3 (enclosed cockpit), unbuilt project
1955 - BK-4 Kaunas, similar to BK-3 concept, 1 built
195? - BK-5, unbuilt project (wings exceeded Standard Class 15m span limits)
1960 - BK-6 Neringa, produced in Simferopol
1972 - BK-7 Lietuva, glassfibre construction, BK-7, BK-7A, BK-7V, BK-7S production versions
 -- derivatives: LAK-9, LAK-9M, LAK-10 (prototype), and LAK-12 Lietuva

[Other post-war Lithuanian gliders produced by Sportine Aviacija: BRO-11 Zyle, LAK-11 Nida, LAK-14 Strazdas, LAK-15, LAK-16, LAK-17a, LAK-19, LAK-20, and Genesis 2] [for others, see reply below]
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« Last Edit: May 06, 2016, 12:33:40 pm by Apophenia »

Offline hesham

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Re: Lithuanian Aircraft Designations
« Reply #1 on: May 06, 2016, 05:03:05 am »
My dear Apophenia,

there was also LAK 2,5,6,8,18 & 21.

Offline Apophenia

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Re: Lithuanian Aircraft Designations
« Reply #2 on: May 06, 2016, 12:25:32 pm »
Hesham: The Lithuanian Aero Club (LAK) applied numbers to its aircraft. Most won't have been designed by LAK but some may have been built by the club. The list of LAK numbers is:

LAK-1 == BK-7 'Lietuvai'
LAK-2 == BrO-11M 'Zylė'
LAK-3 == BrO-16 'Pempė'
LAK-4 == BK-7A 'Lietuva'
LAK-5 == 'Nemunas'
LAK-6 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-7 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-8 == Motorized 'Blanikas'
LAK-9 == 1976, no details
-LAK-9M = 'Lietuvą', 1977, no details
LAK-10 = 1977 revised LAK-9M
LAK-11 = ESAG 'Nida', LAK-5 replacement
LAK-12 = 'Lietuva', LAK-10 wing, new fuselage
- LAK-12E = Eksperimentinis, new 12 m wing
LAK-13 = [??]
LAK-14 =  Strazdas, primary trainer, wooden 7.34 m wing
LAK-15 = Oct 1989, no details
LAK-16 = Strazdas, primary trainer, GRP wing
 - LAK-16M = Metal-framed wing
LAK-17 = 'Nida', 15-18m span
- LAK-17A = 15 m span
- LAK-17B = 15 m span
- LAK-17T = Motor glider, 29 hp
LAK-18 = [??]
LAK-19 = Sailplane, 18 m span
- LAK-19T = Motor glider, 29 hp
LAK-20 - Sailplane 23m or 26m span
 - LAK-20M = Motor glider (SOLO)
 - LAK-20T = Motor glider (SOLO turbo)
« Last Edit: May 06, 2016, 12:39:43 pm by Apophenia »

Offline hesham

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Re: Lithuanian Aircraft Designations
« Reply #3 on: May 06, 2016, 02:07:38 pm »
A great list,many thanks my dear,

and I will search about LAK-18,I know I have it.

Offline hesham

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Re: Lithuanian Aircraft Designations
« Reply #4 on: October 07, 2016, 08:39:37 am »