Hi "composite" aircraft: twin-engined "Archer
" BN. 3
and odnomotorna‚ Molniya with a bomb in 1000 kg.
" with 1000 kg bomb carried in flight two or četyrehmotornym "Archer" BN.3.
Molniya-bomber and unforgiving motor torpedo plane. Captions under pictures:
23 application of the Demonstration aircraft as Bestetti bomber as 24 composite version četyrehmotornogo aircraft engines Bestetti Piaggio P.XIIhttp://alternathistory.com/italyanskie-bumazhnye-proekty-tsirk-vakhmistrova-ot-senora-bestettiAuto translation(1)Italian paper projects. Circus of Vahmistrova SeŮor Bestetti
Introduction: arcore Bestetti Brothers in 1939, they built an unusual double-girder traveling twin-engine plane of entirely new material, developed by engineer Nardi, using wooden structural elements "restructured", IE oslablenoj and then collected with a special glue, wood. Prototype BN 1 became the summer 1940 year fly, but was never considered by the Special Committee of the DGCA.
From the "restructured" wood engineer Nardi has consistently developed the project of a small "reset" fighter 2 BN, i.e. separated in flight of the special "drop" of the aircraft. Wing and fuselage of the aircraft were subjected to static requirements, but beyond this project 2 BN has not gone. A similar fate befell the following draft composite aircraft performed under the same scheme of dvuhfŻzel‚ěnoj BN. 1: BN. 3/4
BN, which will be published extensive excerpts from technical documentation.The concept of "waste" bomber is as follows:
the purpose is called plane-media with a small plane, carrying a large bomb, which should go down with the bomb on the long trajectory, flying to the minimum possible distance from the target. At this distance the plane drop a bomb floating on almost straight-line trajectory, after which the pilot can return.
The aim of this is to cause the inevitable destruction of targets with minimum losses and small scattering of ammunition. It is quite possible that the implementation of the "composite" bomber "dumped" by air to achieve the proposed objectives.
This idea is pointless to exclude a priori, as recognized a priori, without attempting to implement and overcome practical difficulties.
It was suggested that lead to the implementation of the project the composite "drop" bomber and the solution to this problem.
Plan included the establishment of dumping ("Saettante"-"Archer") aircraft of three types, different wing area and rest themselves, separating drop ("Saetta"-"lightning") one of the two types, different wing area.
The proposed project would have
Special cel′noderev‚nnuŻ construction made of "revamped wood capable of maximum strength;
mixed in the mostly wooden structure, with the above-mentioned special system for the wings and rear fuselage, the front part of the fuselage, undercarriage and attach motor mount aligning it from chrome-molybdenum tubing and a central cab from an Duralumin.Project "Archer" has two options:
twin-engine plane (2 ◊ 1350 = 2700 HP) depending on the version has 54 square wing-60 m ≤.
quad-plane (4 ◊ 1350 = 5400 HP) depending on the 108-acre wing has 120 m ≤.
"Lightning" was nizkoplanom with the over wing central cabin, managed single-pilot operation, engine with a pusher propeller and landing gear system, allowing them to shift and eat.
"Archer" was vysokoplanom with the fuselage above the wing and looking forward cab, engine, installed in the wing, with driven screws with the two beams plumage and chassis, vacuumed forward fŻzel‚ěnye beams.
Both aircraft had the horizontal tail unit linking the fuselage and tail beams: such plumage can be used during the dive as aerodynamic brakes: large-sized plate, drop down the two sides.Twin-engined version of the "Archer" had a smaller range and combat load than a quad, but could be used for other military specializations: as a dive bomber, torpedo bomber, strategic reconnaissance and combat aircraft.
Četyrehmotorna‚(4 engines?) version "Archer" very well armed and protected breed range of combat use increased from all points of view.
In the same way, without a doubt, the most appropriate is the total bomb load: this fact makes possible its maximum dimensions.
In practice the first version proves to be attractive to smaller, second-for increased loads and range.
Offered as a rational solution to the rapid construction of a pilot version of the twin-engine aircraft for direct military application: it is, in the worst case, would create a powerful vehicle to launch bombs "Lightning" with load up to 1000 kg and with a full range and up to 2500 kg with reduced range, as well as with independent flight combat load up to 2500 kg of bombs or torpedoes at full range.
At the same time, could be held četyrehmotornogo design and manufacture aircraft because designs two airplanes are conceptually identical, it was possible to chart the progress of the twin-engine next model "Archer".